The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Nakamura, Wataru (1997). A Constraint-Based Typology of Case Systems - Chapter 1.

URL: http://wings.buffalo.edu/linguistics/people/students/dissertations/nakamura/nakamurach.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-31).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1183&langcode=wbp (2020-09-27).


Example #1:

    (18) a.       Ngarrka-ngku          ka     marlu-                   panti-mi.
    man-ERG               PRES kangaroo-NOM                spear-NPAST
    'The man is spearing the kangaroo'.
Example #2:

    b.      Ngarrka-     ka               wangka-mi
    man-NOM       PRES             speak-NPAST
    'The man is speaking'.
Example #3:

    c.      Ngarrka-ngku ka-rla           kurdu-ku         japujapu-     kiji-rni.
    man-ERG        PRES           child-DAT        ball-NOM       throw-NPAST
    'The man is throwing the ball to the child'.
Example #4:

    c.     Japanangka-rlu       nya-ngu        marlu          pirli-ngka.
    Japanangka-ERG       see-PAST       kangaroo       rock-LOC
    'Japanangka saw the kangaroo on the rock'. (Warlpiri: Simpson 1991)