ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Griffin, William Earl (Ed.) (2003). The Role of Agreement in Natural Language: Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Texas Linguistics Society.

URL: http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~tls/2001tls/TLS5.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-31).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1197&langcode=kor (2019-07-20).

 

Example #1:

    (1)      a.   Mary-ka haksayng-tul-ul pimiliey motwu-lul pwulle-ss-ta
    M.-NOM student-PL-ACC secretly all-ACC call-PAST-DECL
    'Mary called all the students secretly.'
Example #2:

    b.   Mary-ka       haksayng-tul-ul pimiliey twul-ul   pwulle-ss-ta
    M.-NOM student-PL-ACC secretly two-ACC call-PAST-DECL
    'Mary called two students secretly.'
Example #3:

    (2)      a.   Haksayng-tul-i ecey         motwu-ka        sohwan-toy-ess-ta
    student-NOM yesterday all-NOM              call-PASS-PAST-DECL
    'All the students were called yesterday.'
Example #4:

    b.   Haksayng-tul-i ecey         twul-i        sohwan-toy-ess-ta
    student-NOM yesterday two-NOM call-PASS-PAST-DECL
    'Two students were called yesterday.'
Example #5:

    (3)      a.   *Mary-ka motwu-lul haksayng-tul-ul              pwulle-ss-ta
    M.-NOM all-ACC student-PL-ACC                   call-PAST-DECL
    'Mary called all the students.'
Example #6:

    b.   *Mary-ka twul-ul        haksayng-tul-ul        pwulle-ss-ta
    M.-NOM two-ACC student-PL-ACC                 call-PAST-DECL
    'Mary called two students.'
Example #7:

    (4)      a.   Mary-ka motun haksayng-tul-ul        pwulle-ss-ta
    M.-NOM all           student-PL-ACC call-PAST-DECL
    'Mary called all the students.'
Example #8:

    b.   Mary-ka twu haksayng-tul-ul        pwulle-ss-ta
    M.-NOM two student-PL-ACC call-PAST-DECL
    'Mary called two students.'
Example #9:

    (7)      a.   *Mary-ka haksayng-tul-ul          pimiliey-lul sohwanhay-ss-ta
    M.-NOM student-PL-ACC secretly-ACC call-PAST-DECL
    'Mary called all the students secretly.'
Example #10:

    b.   *Haksayng-tul-i ecey -ka                  sohwan-toy-ess-ta
    student-NOM yesterday-NOM                call-PASS-PAST-DECL
    'All the students were called yesterday.'
Example #11:

    (8)      Mary-ka      maykcwu-lul twu sikan-ul   masi-ess-ta
    Mary-NOM beer-ACC          two hour-ACC drink-PAST-DECL
    'Mary drank beer for two hours.'
Example #12:

    (9)      a.   Mary-ka maykcwu-lul twu sikan-ul                  masi-ess-ta
    M.-NOM beer-ACC          two hour-ACC             drink-PAST-DECL
    Mary drank beer for two hours._
Example #13:

    b.   Mary-ka      twu sikan-ul     maykcwu-lul         masi-ess-ta
    M.-NOM       two hour-ACC beer-ACC                drink-PAST-DECL
    'Mary drank beer for two hours.'
Example #14:

    (10)     a.   Mary-ka haksayng-tul-ul motwu-lul           sohwanhay-ss-ta
    M.-NOM student-PL-ACC all-ACC               call-PAST-DECL
    'Mary called all the students.'
Example #15:

    b.   *Mary-ka motwu-lul haksayng-tul-ul         sohwanhay-ss-ta
    M.-NOM all-ACC student-PL-ACC              call-PAST-DECL
    'Mary called all the students.'
Example #16:

    (11)     John-i       haksayng-tul-ul twul-ul han sikan-ul yatanchi-ess-ta
    John-NOM student-PL-ACC two-ACC one hour-ACC scold-PAST-DECL
    'John scolded two students for one hour.'
Example #17:

    (12)    a.   Mary-ka haksayng-tul-ul twul-ul    sohwanhay-ss-ta
    M.-NOM student-PL-ACC two-ACC call-PAST-DECL
    'Mary called two students.'
Example #18:

    b.   Mary-ka haksayng-tul-ul twu pen-ul    sohwanhay-ss-ta
    M.-NOM student-PL-ACC two times-ACC call-PAST-DECL
    'Mary called students twice.'
Example #19:

    (15)    a.   John-i ku hoysa-lul          sacang-ulo ttena-ass-ta
    J.-NOM the company-ACC president-as left-PAST-DECL
    'John left the company as a president.'
Example #20:

    b.   Mary-ka John-ul chinkwu-lo mana-ass-ta
    M.-NOM John-ACC friend-as meet-PAST-DECL
    'Mary met John as a friend.'
Example #21:

    (16)      a.   John-i        koki-lul nal-lo       mek-ess-ta
    J.-NOM       meat-ACC raw-INSTR eat-PAST-DECL
    'John ate   the meat raw.'
Example #22:

    b.   John-i        nal-lo       koki-lul mek-ess-ta
    J.-NOM        raw-INSTR meat-ACC eat-PAST-DECL
    'John ate   the meat raw.'
Example #23:

    (10a)     Mary-ka haksayng-tul-ul motwu-lul                sohwanhay-ss-ta
    M.-NOM student-PL-ACC all-ACC                    call-PAST-DECL
    'Mary called all the students.'
Example #24:

    (10b)     *Mary-ka motwu-lul haksayng-tul-ul                sohwanhay-ss-ta
    M.-NOM all-ACC student-PL-ACC                    call-PAST-DECL
    'Mary called all the students.'
Example #25:

    (17)      a.   Mary-ka John-eykey pajama-ipincay-(lo) piano-lul chi-key hay-ss-ta
    M.-NOM J.-DAT        P.J.-in-(INS)       piano-ACC play do-PAST-DECL
    'Mary made John play the piano in pajama.'
Example #26:

    b.   *Mary-ka ai-tul-eykey twul-(eykey) piano-lul chi-key hay-ss-ta
    M.-NOM child-PL.-DAT two-(DAT) piano-ACC play do-PAST-DECL
    'Mary made two children play the piano.'
Example #27:

    (19)      a.   On kukmin-i         ku taytonglyeng-ul cicihay-ss-ta
    all people-NOM      the president-ACC support--PAST-DECL
    'All the people supported the president.'
Example #28:

    b.   *kukmin-i on ku taytonglyeng-ul cicihay-ss-ta
    people-NOM all the president-ACC support-PAST-DECL
    'All the people supported the president.'
Example #29:

    (20)     a.   kak haksayng-tul-i          choysun-ul tahay-ss-ta
    each student-PL-NOM best-ACC do-PASt-DECL
    'Each of the student did his best.'
Example #30:

    b.   haksayng-tul-i kak choysun-ul tahay-ss-ta
    student-PL-NOM         each best-ACC do-PASt-DECL
    'Each of the student did his best.'
Example #31:

    (25)      a.  *haksayng-tul-i         on-i-ta
    student-PL-NOM all-COP-DECL
    'The students are all.'
Example #32:

    b. *Haksayng-tul-i on-i            sohwan-toy-ess-ta
    student-PL-NOM all-NOM call-PASS-PAST-DECL
    'All the students were called.'
Example #33:

    (26)    a.   *haksayng-tul-i        kak-i-ta
    student-PL-NOM           each-COP-DECL
    'The students are each.'
Example #34:

    b.   *Haksayng-tul-i        kak-i       sohwan-toy-ess-ta
    student-PL-NOM         each-NOM call-PASS-PAST-DECL
    'Each students were called.'
Example #35:

    (27)    a.   *haksayng-tul-i        may-ta
    student-PL-NOM may-DECL
    'The students are each.'
Example #36:

    b.   *Haksayng-tul-i       may-ka  sohwan-toy-ess-ta
    student-PL-NOM each-NOM call-PASS-PAST-DECL
    'Each students were called.'
Example #37:

    (29)    a.   Haksayng-tul-I twul-i-ta
    student-PL-NOM two-COP-DECL
    'Students are two.'
Example #38:

    b.   Haksayng-tul-i twul-i         sohwan-toy-ess-ta
    student-PL-NOM two-NOM call-PASS-PAST-DECL
    'Two students were called.'
Example #39:

    c.   Twu haksayng-tul-i         sohwan-toy-ess-ta
    Two student-PL-NOM          call-PASS-PAST-DECL
    'Two students were called.'
Example #40:

    (31)     a.   Yeppun twu haksayng-tul-i     oa-ss-ta
    Pretty two student-PL-NOM     come-PAST-DECL
    'Two pretty students came.'
Example #41:

    b.   Twu yeppun haksayng-tul-i oa-ss-ta
    two pretty student-PL-NOMcome-PAST-DECL
    'Two pretty students came.'
Example #42:

    c.   *han haksaeng-i kwaja tu kae-lul masitke-tul mogotta
    one student-NOM cookie two-ACC tastily-AgrS ate
    `One student ate two cookies with gusto.'
Example #43:

    (2)     a.   Sangmin-i [ai-tul-i kwaja-lul masitke-tul mogotta]-go malhaetta
    -NOM child-PL-NOM cookie-ACC tastily-AgrS ate-COMP said
    `Sangmin said that the children ate the cookies with gusto.'
Example #44:

    b.   *ai-tul-i [Sangmin-i         kwaja-lul masitke-tul mogotta]-go malhaetta
    child-PL-NOM Sangmin-NOM cookie-ACC tastily-AgrS ate-COMP said
    `The children said that Sangmin ate the cookies deliciously.'
Example #45:

    (3)     a.   Tom-i     ai-tul1-ul [S PRO1 chip-e-tul      ka-dorok] soltukhaessoyo
    Tom-NOM child-PL-ACC           [house-to-AGR go-COMP] persuaded
    `Tom persuaded the children to go home.'
Example #46:

    b.   *ai-tul-i         Tom1-ul [S PRO1 chip-e-tul   ka-dorok] soltukhaessoyo
    child-PL-NOM Tom -ACC           [house-to-AGR go-COMP] persuaded
    `The children persuaded Tom to go home.'
Example #47:

    (4)     a.   saram-tul1-i     John-ege [PRO1 chip-e-tul      kagetta-go] yaksokhaetta
    person-PL-NOM        -DAT      [home-LOC-AGR go.will-COMP] promised
    `People promised John that they would go home.'
Example #48:

    b.   *John1-i     saram-tul-eke [PRO1 chip-e-tul kagettago]      yaksokhaetta
    John-NOM people-PL-DAT          home-LOC-AGR go-will-COMP promised
    `John promised people that he would go home.'
Example #49:

    (5)     Sangmin-kwa Suni-ka maenbal-ro-tul ttwiotta
    -and     -NOM bare.foot-as-Agr ran
    `Sangmin and Suni ran barefooted.'
Example #50:

    (6)     sonsaengnim-i [haksaeng-tul-ul kyosil-e-tul           itta-ko] midotta
    teacher-NOM [student-PL-ACC classroom-at-AgrS exist-COMP] believed
    `A teacher believed the students to be at the classroom.'
Example #51:

    (7)     nohi   kogiso(-tul) muot(-tul) hago(-tul) innungo-ni(-tul)?
    you.PL there-AgrS what-AgrS do-AgrS being-Q-AgrS
    `What are you (pl.) doing there?' [addressed to more than one person]
Example #52:

    (11)     a.   ai-tul-i       chip-e-tul katta
    child-PL-NOM house-to-Agr went
    `The children went home.'
Example #53:

    (12)      a.   ai-tul-i       changnankkam-ul ppalli-tul      choriphatta
    child-PL-Nom toy-ACC             quickly-AgrS constructed
    `The children constructed a toy/toys quickly.'
Example #54:

    (14)       a.   ai-tul-i       chip-e-tul katta
    child-PL-NOM house-to-Agr went
    `The children went home.'
Example #55:

    (1)     a.   Kim sacang-i         o-ass-ta.
    Kim President-NOM come-PAST-DECL
    `President Kim has come.'
Example #56:

    (2)     Kim sacang-nim-i           ilccik o-(si)-ko nuckey ka-si-ess-ta.
    Kim President-HON-NOM early come-(HON)-CONJ lat go-HON-PAST-DECL
    `President Kim came early and left late.'
Example #57:

    (3)       #Kim sacang-nim-i          ilccik ka-ko     nay-ka nuckey ka-ass-ta.
    Kim President-HON-NOM early go-CONJ I-NOM late go-PAST-DECL
    `President Kim went early and I went late.'
Example #58:

    (7)      Sensayng-nim-un ilccik cwumu-*(si)-ko           ilccik ilena-si-n-ta.
    Teacher-HON-TOP early get.up-HON-CONJ early sleep-HON-PRES-DC
    `(my) teacher goes to bed early and gets up early.'
Example #59:

    (8)      mulikarak-i cal-*(i)-ko            kak-i-ess-ta.
    hair-NOM cut-*(PASS)-CONJ trim-(PASS)-PAST-DECL
    `(his) hair were cut and trimmed.'
Example #60:

    (9)       Sensayng-nim-un ilccik ilena-ko            ilccik cwumu.si-n-ta
    Teacher-HON-TOP early get.up-CONJ early sleep.hon-PRES-DECL
    `(My) teacher gets up early and goes to bed early'
Example #61:

    (14)     nay-ka o-ko           Lee sacang-nim-i       ka-si-ess-ta.
    I-NOM come-CONJ Lee President-HON-NOM go-HON-PAST-DECL
    `President Kim came and President Lee left.'
Example #62:

    (18)   #Kim sacang-nim-i           ilccik o-si-ko nuckey ka-ass-ta.
    Kim President-HON-NOM early come-HON-CONJ late go-PAST-DECL
    `President Kim came early and left late.'
Example #63:

    Lee sacang-nim-i          ka-si-ess-ta.
    Lee President-HON-NOM go-HON-PAST-DECL
    `President Kim came President Lee left.'
Example #64:

    ape.nim-I          ka-si-ess-ta.
    father.hon-NOM go-HON-PAST-DECL
    `Grandfather came and father left.'