The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Mark Baker (2000). The natures of nonconfigurationality.

URL: http://ling.rutgers.edu/people/faculty/baker/nonconfig-hdbk-prt.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1232&langcode=wbp (2020-09-27).


Example #1:

    (7)      a. Kurdu-ngku ka-ju       nya-nyi     ngaju.          (Simpson, 1983: 140)
    child-erg     pres-1sO see-nonpast I(abs)
    `The child sees me.'
Example #2:

    (8)      *Ngaju nya-nyi       ka-ju  kurdu-ngku.               (Simpson, 1983: 141)
    I(abs) see-nonpast pres-1sO child-erg
    `The child sees me.'
Example #3:

    (9)      a. Ngarrka-ngku ka panti-rni.
    man-erg       aux spear-nonpast
    `The man is spearing it.'
Example #4:

    b. Wawirri ka panti-rni.
    kangaroo aux spear-nonpast
    `He/she is spearing the kangaroo.'
Example #5:

    c. Panti-rni      ka.
    spear-nonpast aux
    `He/she is spearing it.'
Example #6:

    (11)      a. Kurdu-jarra-rlu ka-pala-nyanu paka-rni.
    child-dual-erg pres-3dS-reflO strike-nonpast
    `The two children are striking themselves/each other.'
Example #7:

    (12)      Ngarrka-ngku ka purlapa         yunpa-rni [PRO karli         jarnti-rninja-karra-rlu].
    man-erg        pres corroboree sing-nonpast      boomerang trim-inf-comp-erg
    `The man is singing a corroboree song while trimming the boomerang.'
Example #8:

    (18)     a. Jakamarra-kurlangu maliki     ka nyanungu-rlu wajili-pi-nyi.
    J-poss              dog(abs) pres he-erg           chase-nonpast
    *Hei chases Jakamarra'si (own) dog. (coreference is impossible)
Example #9:

    b. Jakamarra-kurlangu maliki-rli ka nyanungu wajili-pi-nyi.
    J-poss              dog-erg pres he(abs)      chase-nonpast
    *Jakamarra'si (own) dog chases himi. (coreference is impossible)
Example #10:

    (34)           Nya-nyi         ka-rna-ngku   ngarrka-lku.            (Hale, 1983)
    see-nonpast pres-1sS-2sO man-after
    `I see you as a man now.'
Example #11:

    (35)      Panu       ka-rna-jana nya-nyi.
    many       pres-1sS-3pO see-nonpast
    `I see   them, who are a large group.'
Example #12:

    (36)      Jupurrurla-rlu ka (nyanungu) nya-nyi.
    Jupurrurla-erg pres him           seek-nonpast
    `Jupurrurla is looking at him/*himself.'
Example #13:

    (40)      a Purlapa    pi-nja-karra-rlu        kala-lu pirlirrpa yilya-ja.
    corroboree dance-inf-comp-erg      hab-3ps spirit     send-past
    `By dancing a corroboree they would send away the spirit.
Example #14:

    b. *Purlapa kala-lu pi-nja-karra-rlu           pirlirrpa yilya-ja.
    corroboree hab-3ps dance-inf-comp-erg       spirit     send-past
    `By dancing a corroboree they would send away the spirit.
Example #15:

    (42)      a. Kuyu -rna           luwa-rnu wawirri.                 WARLPIRI
    animal PERF-1sS shoot-PAST kangaroo                    (Hale, p.c.)
    `I shot a kangaroo.'
Example #16:

    (43)      a. Wawirri kapi-rna panti-rni     yalumpu.                WARLPIRI
    kangaroo AUX-1sS spear-NONPAST that                    (Hale, 1983: 6)
    `I will spear that kangaroo.'