The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Falk, Y.N. SYNTACTIC SUBJECTHOOD:Pivotless Languages

URL: http://pluto.mscc.huji.ac.il/~msyfalk/Subjecthood/Pivotless.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-31).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1240&langcode=wbp (2020-09-27).


Example #1:

    (16)   Yarlaparna- rlu ka          parrka     munyurr- nga- rni         lirrki-lirrki- karda.
    caterpillar- ERG PRES leaf.ABS bare-              eat- NPST defoliated- TRANSL
    `The caterpillar eats up all the leaves defoliated (i.e. until the tree is defol
Example #2:

    (17)   Pakirdi     ka-    rla           karnta         nyina     wati- ki.
    in.love.ABS PRES- DAT.OBJ woman.ABS sit.NPST man- DAT
    `The woman is yearning for [lit. sits in love with] the man.'
Example #3:

    (18)   a.      Ngarrka ka        wangka-    mi       nyina- nja- karra.
    man.ABS PRES talk-           NPST sit-       INF- S.CONTR
    `The man is talking while   sitting.'
Example #4:

    b.      Turaki- rli puluku            winjarlu paka- rnu parnka- nja- karra-               rlu.
    vehicle- ERG bullock.ABS big.ABS hit-          PST run-         INF- S.CONTR- ERG
    `The moving car hit a big bullock.'
Example #5:

    c.       *Ngarrka- ngku ka      kurdu        paka- rni wangka- nja- karra.
    man-     ERG PRES child.ABS hit- NPST talk-          INF- S.CONTR
    `The man hits the child while it's talking.'
Example #6:

    [kalinyanu- ku wirlinyi- rlarni].
    husband- DAT hunting- RLARNI
    `Some man is speaking to the woman while her husband is out hunting.'
Example #7:

    [pama        nga- rninja- karra-      rlu].
    liquor.ABS ingest- INF- SCONTR- ERG
    `I saw the man shooting the kangaroo while I was drinking liquor.'
Example #8:

    (23)   a.      Ngana- ngku kurdu nyanungu- nyangu paka- rnu                   ?
    who- ERG child 3-           POSS hit- NPST
    `Whoi hit hisi child?'
Example #9:

    b.      Ngana ka       nyanungu- nyangu maliki- rli wajili-pi- nyi  ?
    who PRES 3-               POSS dog- ERG chase-         NPST
    `Whoi is hisi dog chasing?'
Example #10:

    Jampijinpa ya- nu] ?
    Jampijinpa go- PST
    `Where did Jakamarra tell you Jampijinpa went?'
Example #11:

    (25)   Nyiya- kurra ka-   npa     wawirri      nya- nyi  [nga- rninja- kurra] ?
    what- OCONTR PRES- 2sgSUBJ kangaroo.ABS see- NPST eat- INF- OCONTR
    `What do you see a kangaroo eating?'
Example #12:

    karnta- ku, [purra- nja- rlarni] ?
    woman- DAT cook- INF- OCONTR
    `What is the child chasing the woman's dog around while she is cooking?'