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The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Steven Franks (2006). Another Look at li Placement in Bulgarian*.

URL: http://www.cogs.indiana.edu/people/homepages/franks/look_at_li_dense.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1564&langcode=bul (2020-05-25).


Example #1:

    (1) a. Sled tri godini ti si           mu      gi     pokazvala.
    after three years you aux.2sg him.dat them.acc shown
    `After three years, you have shown him them.'
Example #2:

    b. Ucitelkata vece       mu        gi      e     pokazvala.
    teacher.def already him.dat them.acc aux.3g shown
    `The teacher has already shown them to him.'
Example #3:

    (2) a. Pokazvala si         mu      gi.
    shown      aux.2sg him.dat them.acc
    `You have shown them to him.
Example #4:

    b. Pokazvala    mu       gi      e.
    shown        him.dat them.acc aux.2sg
    `She has shown them to him.
Example #5:

    (3) a. I      si       mu      gi        pokazvala.
    and    aux.2sg him.dat them.acc shown
    `And   you have shown them to him.'
Example #6:

    b. Ste    mu      gi         pokazvas.
    will   him.dat them.acc shown
    `You   will show them to him.'
Example #7:

    (4) a. Petko, edin moj prijatel, mi              go         dade.
    Peter a         my      friend     me.dat him.acc gave
    `Petko, a friend of mine, gave it to me.'
Example #8:

    b. Ako njakoj,         kojto e s          men, mi       dade njakolko cipa ...
    if      someone who is with me                me.dat gives several    chips
    `If someone, who is with me, gives me some chips ...'
Example #9:

    c. Ivan, s pored       M arija,    go        vizdam     vseki den.
    Ivan according Maria            him.acc see.1sg every day
    `(Talking about) Ivan, according to Maria, I see him every da y.'
Example #10:

    d. Sled kato si             zivjal dosta s      edna zena, ja         poznavas dobre.
    after as        aux.2sg lived enough with a         woman her.acc know.2sg well
    `After you have lived with a woman enough, you know her well.'
Example #11:

    (5) Dade li Ana knigata na Petko?
    gave Q Ana book.def to Petko
    `Did Ana give the book to Petko?
Example #12:

    (6) Dade li mu       go     Ana?
    gave Q him.dat it.acc Ana
    `Did Ana give it to him?
Example #13:

    (7) Ne mu        li     go     dade Ana?
    neg him.dat Q       it.acc gave Ana
    `Didn't Ana give it to him?'
Example #14:

    (9) a. Dala li si      mu       go?
    given Q aux.2g him.dat it.acc
    `Have you given it to him?
Example #15:

    b. Ne si        li m u      go   dala?
    neg aux.2sg Q him.dat it.acc given
    `Haven't you given it to him?
Example #16:

    (10) a. Zelenu haljinu mi      je      kupila.
    green dress     me.dat aux.sg bought
    `She bought me a green dress.'
Example #17:

    b. Zanimljivu sam        knjigu citao.
    interesting aux.1sg book read
    `I read an interesting book.'
Example #18:

    b. Kakvu      citas      knjigu?
    what-kind read.2sg book
    `What kind of book are you reading?'
Example #19:

    (16) a. Prema Mariji        je      Mi    lena trcala.
    towards Maria.dat aux.3sg Mi      lena ran
    `Milena ran towards Maria.'
Example #20:

    c. *Prema trci ona Mariji.
    towards runs she Maria.dat
    `She is running towards Maria.'
Example #21:

    d. *Kome je          Milena trcala   prema?
    who.dat aux.3sg Milena ran        towards
    `Who did Milena run towards?'
Example #22:

    (17) *PREMA je       Milanu     Marija koracala, a   ne od njega.
    towards aux.3sg Milanu.dat Maria walked and not from him
    `Mary walked TOWARDS Milan, not away from him.'
Example #23:

    (18) a. *Roditelji su         se uspesnih           studenata   razisli.
    parents    aux.3pl refl successful.gen students.gen dispersed
    `*The parents dispersed of the successful students.'
Example #24:

    b. *Roditelji dolaze       uspesnih        studenata.
    parents    arrive.3pl successful.gen students.gen
    `*The parents are arriving of the successful students.'
Example #25:

    (19) Dala li si          mu     go?
    given Q aux.2g him.dat it.acc
    `Have you given it to him?
Example #26:

    (20) a. Ku pujes l i novu kuu?
    buy.2sg Q new house
    `Are you bu ying a new house?'
Example #27:

    (21) a. ??Sestra       e     i    njen       muz           doi u utorak.
    sestra.nom fut.3sg and her.nom husband.nom come on Tuesday
    `My sister and her husband will come on Tuesday.'
Example #28:

    b. ??Lav        je      Tolstoj       veliki ruski pisac.
    Leo.nom aux.3sg Tolstoi.nom great Russian writer
    `Leo Tolstoi is a great Russian writer.'
Example #29:

    c. ??Prijatelji su      moje sestre         upravo stigli.
    friends      aux.3pl my.gen sister.gen just     arrived
    `Friends of my sister's have just arrived.'
Example #30:

    (22) a. *Sestra     e      mi      ga     i    njen     muz           pokloniti.
    sestra.nom fut.3sg me.dat it.acc and her.nom husband.nom give
    `My sister and her husband will give it to me.'
Example #31:

    b. *Lav      mi     ga     je       Tolstoj      poklonio.
    Leo.nom me.dat it.acc aux.3sg Tolstoi.nom gave
    `Leo Tolstoi gave it to me.'
Example #32:

    c. *Prijatelji su       mi      ga moje        sestre    poklonili.
    friends     aux.3pl me.dat it.acc my.gen sister.gen gave
    `Friends of my sister's gave it to me.'
Example #33:

    (23) Kakvo obuslavja [ lipsata         na vkus obuslavja kakvo ]?
    what conditions absence.def of taste conditions what
    `What does the absence of taste condition?'
Example #34:

    (27) a. #Tvome prijatelju#      #su        prodali su  knjigu.#
    your.dat frend.dat      aux.3pl gave aux.3pl book.acc
    `To your friend, they   sold the book.'
Example #35:

    (28)    #Ja#, #tvoja mama#, #sam       ti     obeala sam                  ti      igracku#.
    I     your    mother aux.1sg you.dat promised aux.1sg             you.dat toy
    `I, your mother, promised you a toy.'
Example #36:

    (33) a. Toj       go             e          vidjal.
    he.nom him/it.acc        aux.3sg    seen
    `He has seen him/it    .'
Example #37:

    (i) E        l i dosl?
    aux.3sg Q arrived
    `Has he come?'
Example #38:

    (34) a. Ne     sme      im       go        vse oste   pokazali.
    neg    aux.1pl them.dat it.acc still          shown
    `We   still have not shown it to them.'
Example #39:

    b. Nie    sme      im       go        vece       kazali.
    we     aux.1pl them.dat it.acc already        said
    `We   have already said it to them.'
Example #40:

    (35) a. Pokazvala li mu       gi        e.
    shown      Q him.dat them.acc aux.3sg
    `Did she show them to him?'
Example #41:

    (36) a. Ne si         li m u      gi        pokazvala?
    neg aux.2sg Q him.dat them.acc shown
    `Didn't you show them to him?'
Example #42:

    (37) a. Ne mu         li gi       e        pokazvala?
    neg him.dat Q them.acc aux.3sg shown
    `Didn't she show them to him?'
Example #43:

    (43) Bese      li kupila kāsta?
    had.2/3sg Q bought house
    `Had you/she bought a house ?'
Example #44:

    (45) a. ?Bese li Marija       kupila kāsta?
    had.3sg Q Maria       bought house
    `Had Maria bought a   house?'
Example #45:

    b. Bese     napālno      zabravila za      srestata.
    had.3sg completely    forgotten about meeting.def
    `She had completely   forgotten about the meeting.'
Example #46:

    (46) Kupila li bese     kāsta?
    bought Q had.3sg house
    `Had she BOUGHT a house?'
Example #47:

    (48) Gledali bjaxa (samo) filma.
    saw     had.3pl only film.def
    `They had seen (only) the FILM.'
Example #48:

    (49) [F Na Marija ] li dadoxte nagradata?
    to Marija Q gave.2pl prize.def
    `Was it to Maria that you gave the prize?'
Example #49:

    (50) [F Gledali ] li bjaxa (*samo) filma.
    saw       Q had.3pl only     film.def
    `Had they SEEN (*only) the film?'
Example #50:

    (51) a. *Ivan li, toj ti        kaza?
    Ivan Q he you.dat told
    `*Talking about and was it Ivan who told you?'
Example #51:

    b. *Njakoj li dojde na srestata?
    somone Q came to meeting.def
    `*Was it someone who came to the meeting?'
Example #52:

    (52) Ivan, toj li ti        kaza?
    Ivan he Q you.dat told
    `Talking about Ivan, was it him who told you?'
Example #53:

    (53) a. Decata        kakvo gledaxa?
    children.def what watched.3pl
    `As for the children, what were they watching?'
Example #54:

    b. Decata        gledaxa       li tozi film?
    children.def watched.3pl Q that film
    `As for the children, were they watching that movie?'
Example #55:

    (54) Tozi film decata          go     gledaxa.
    this film children.def it.acc watched.3pl
    `As for this film, the children were watching it.'
Example #56:

    (55) a. Filma gledali         go      bjaxa decata.
    film watched.3pl it.acc had.3pl children.def
    `As for the movie, the children had seen it.'
Example #57:

    b. Na Ivan, knigata kupila mu            ja bese     Marija.
    for Ivan book.def bought him.dat it.acc had.3sg Maria
    OR `As for Ivan and as for the book, Maria HAD bought it for him.'
Example #58:

    (54) a. Na Ivan, spored mene, mu               go dadox.
    for Ivan according me        him.dat it.acc gave.1sg
    `To Ivan, according to me, I gave it.'
Example #59:

    (i) A z sām       bila napālno       zabravila za    nego.
    I aux.1sg have completely forgotten about him
    `They say) I have completely forgotten about him.'
Example #60:

    (i) Vjarvam,      si      go       pital    vece.
    believe.1sg aux.2sg him.acc asked       already
    `I think you asked him already.'
Example #61:

    (55) a. Ivan, spored     Marija, vidja         li go       vcera        vāv centara?
    Ivan according Maria saw.3sg           Q him.acc yesterday in center.def
    `Ivan, according to Maria, did she    see yesterday in the city center?'
Example #62:

    (56) Vie gledali li ste        go        tozi film?
    you saw Q aux.2pl it.acc this film
    `(As for) you, have you seen this film?'
Example #63:

    (57) Vie ste      go       gledali li    tozi film?
    you aux.2pl it.acc saw         Q    this film
    `Have you seen it, this film?'
Example #64:

    (58) Tozi film vie ste          go       gledali li?
    this film you aux.2pl it.acc saw Q
    `(As for this film), have you seen it?'
Example #65:

    (59) a. Knigata li na IvanVazov si          cel (ili raskaza)?
    book.def Q of Ivan Vazov aux.2sg read or story.def
    `Was it the book you read by Ivan Vazov (or the story)?
Example #66:

    b. Novata li kniga na Ivan vidja?
    new.def Q book of Ivan saw.2/3sg
    `Was it the new book by Ivan that you saw?'
Example #67:

    b. Momiceto li ot          Sofia se razbolja (ili momceto)?
    girl.def     Q from Sofia refl get-sick or boy.def
    `Did the girl from Sofia get sick (or the boy)?'
Example #68:

    d. Prebrojavaneto li na zajcite            se pravi naesen (ili ciftosvaneto)?
    counting.def      Q of rabbits.def refl make in-fall or mating
    `Is it the counting of rabbits that takes place in the fall (or the mating)?'
Example #69:

    (60) a. Zoreto    li Petr   ov vidja     ( il   i Koleto)?
    Zhore     Q Petr    ov saw.2/3sg or       Kole
    `Was it    ZHORE    Petrov you saw       (or Kole)?'
Example #70:

    b. ?Vladi    li Petr   ov vidja     ( il   i Ivo)?
    Vladi     Q Petr    ov saw.2/3sg or       Ivo
    `Was it    VLADI    Petrov you saw      (or Ivo)?'
Example #71:

    (61) Protiv li si       ili za?
    against Q aux.2sg or for
    `Are you AGAINST or for?'
Example #72:

    (62) a. Edna li kniga iskas      (ili dve)?
    one Q book want.2sg or two
    `Do you want ONE book (or two)?
Example #73:

    b. *Edna li druga kniga iskas?
    one    Q other book want.2sg
    `*Do you want AN other book?'
Example #74:

    (63) a. Starija li prijatel pokani (ili mladija)?
    old.def Q friend invited or young.def
    `Did you invite your OLD friend (or the young one)?'
Example #75:

    (64) *Xljaba li i      sireneto    izjade?
    bread.def Q and cheese.def ate
    `Was it the BREAD and the cheese that you ate?' [intended reading]
Example #76:

    (65) a. ?*Xljab li i      sirene jade?
    bread     Q and cheese ate
    `Were you eating BREAD and cheese?'
Example #77:

    b. ??Xljaba li i     sireneto      izjade (ili   salatata i       sireneto)?
    bread.def Q and cheese.def ate         or     salad.def and cheese.def
    `Was it the BREAD and the cheese that you     ate (or the salad and the cheese)?
Example #78:

    c. ??Razen li xljab i         sirene jade?
    rye       Q bread and cheese ate
    `Was it RYE bread and cheese that you wer     e eating?
Example #79:

    (70) a. V tozi     li grad      si       xodil?
    in this    Q city       aux.2sg went
    `Have     you been     to that city?'
Example #80:

    (71) Novata kāsta li?
    new.def house Q
    `Is it a new house?'
Example #81:

    (72) *Kakvoi izjade [ ei i    sireneto ]?
    what     ate        and cheese.def
    `*What did you eat and the cheese?'
Example #82:

    (73) a. Sireneto li ste jades s xljab?
    cheese.def Q will eat.2sg with bread
    `Is the cheese that you are going to eat with bread?'
Example #83:

    (74) a. Koja li kniga ste mi           podaris?!
    which Q book will me.dat give.2sg
    `Which(ever) book will you give me?!'
Example #84:

    (75) a. Koj li kakvo kupuva?
    who Q what buys.3sg
    `Who on earth bu y s what?'
Example #85:

    (i) Xljabāt    sās sireneto bjaxa/*bese na masata.
    bread.def with cheese.def were/was on table
    `The bread and (with) the cheese were on the table.'
Example #86:

    (77) a. Koj kakvo l i mi        e        ku pil?
    who what Q me.dat aux.3sg bought
    `(I wonder) who has bought me what?'
Example #87:

    b. Koga kāde li ste se srestnem?34
    when where Q will refl meet.1pl
    `(I wonder) when and where we will meet?
Example #88:

    (i) Koga li kāde li pak ste se         srestnem?
    when Q where Q again will refl meet.1pl
    `Whenever (and) wherever will we meet again?'
Example #89:

    (78) Mnogo truden li ispit si       vzel?
    very    hard    Q exam aux.2sg took
    `Did you take a VERY HARD exam?'
Example #90:

    (i) Sāvsem         nova li roklja nosese?
    completely new Q dress wore.2/3sg
    Was it a COMPLETELY NEW dress that she/he/you wore?
Example #91:

    (ii) ?Tolkova mnogo li xora imase?
    so         many     Q people had.3sg
    `Were there SO MANY people?'
Example #92:

    (iii) ?Iskljucitelno skāpa    li kola prodade?
    exceptionally expensive Q car sold.2/3sg
    `Was it an EXTREMELY EXPENSIVE car that he/she/you sold?'
Example #93:

    (i) ?Sāvsem li nova roklja nosese?
    completely Q new dress wore.2/3sg
    `Was it a COMPLETELY new dress that she/he/you wore?
Example #94:

    (ii) Tolkova li mnogo xora       imase?
    so        Q many people had.3sg
    `Were there SO many peo ple?'
Example #95:

    (79) M nogo l i truden is pi t s i   vzel (ili malko)?
    very    Q hard exam aux.2sg took or little
    `Was the exam that you took VERY hard (or only a little)?'
Example #96:

    (80) a. Mnogo li bese truden ispitāt?
    very Q was difficult exam.def
    `Was the test VERY hard?'
Example #97:

    (iii) Iskljucitelno l i skā pa  kola p rodade?
    exceptionally Q expensive car sold.2/3sg
    `Was it an EXTREMELY expensive car that he/she/y ou sold?'
Example #98:

    (i) Mnogo li sa        mokri rākavite m u?
    very   Q were wet sleeves.def him.dat
    `Were his sleeves VERY wet?'
Example #99:

    (82) a. Izvānredno vaznija             li ispit vze?
    exceptionally important.def Q exam took.2/3sg
    `Was it the exceptionally difficult exam that she/he/you took?'
Example #100:

    b. Koj pāk      kakvo ti           dava na tebe?
    who EMPH what you.dat gives to you
    `Who gives you (of all people) what?
Example #101:

    c. Koj, spored      tebe, kakvo pie?
    who according you what drinks
    `Who, according to you, is drinking what?'
Example #102:

    d. Koj, sās sigurnost, kakvo koga ste donese?
    who with certainty what when will brings
    `Who, for sure, will bring what when?'
Example #103:

    e. Koj prāv kogo e            udaril?
    who first whom aux.3sg hit
    `Who hit whom first?'
Example #104:

    (86) a. Koj li       prāv kogo e              udaril?
    who Q        first whom aux.3sg hit
    `Who on      earth hit who first?'
Example #105:

    (88) a. Koj, navjarno, kāde ste porāca tortata?
    who probably where will order cake.def
    `Who will perhaps have the cake made where?'
Example #106:

    (90) Koj kakvo li koga ste ni            servira?
    who what Q when will us.dat serve
    `Who will surprise us with what when, I wonder?'
Example #107:

    (94) a. Protiv vsickite prijateli li si           govoril?
    against all.def friends Q aux.2sg spoke
    `Did you speak AGAINST ALL YOUR FRIENDS?'
Example #108:

    (96) Protiv li si       ili za?
    against Q aux.2sg or for
    `Are you AGAINST or for?'
Example #109:

    (97) a. Novata li kola prodade?
    new.def Q car sold.2/3sg
    `Did she/he/you sell the new car?'
Example #110:

    (98) a. Az novata         kola si    mislja    ce prodade.
    I    new.def car refl think.1sg that sold.2/3sg
    `As for me, I think that it was the new car that he/she/you sold.'
Example #111:

    b. Novata li kola mislis         ce     prodade?
    new.def Q car think.1sg that sold.2/3sg
    `Was it the NEW car that you think that she/he/you sold?'
Example #112:

    (99) ?Novata li mislis       ce prodade        kola?
    new.def Q think.2sg that sold.2/3sg car
    `Was it the NEW car that you think he/she/you sold?'
Example #113:

    (101) a. ?Novata li prodade Petko kola?
    new.the Q sold.3sg Petko car
    `Was it the NEW car that Petko sold?'