ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

PETER K. AUSTIN (2001). Word order in a free word order language.

URL: http://www.hrelp.org/aboutus/staff/peter_austin/AustinHale.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3640&langcode=mem (2020-11-29).

 

Example #1:

    (1)      Pulhapayara-lu kanya-nyja pirru                      ngunha.
    [name]-erg       carry-past      meat.acc            that.acc
    `Pulhapayara carried that meat.' [T45s3]
Example #2:

    (2)      Ngatha tharla-laartu ngurru-martu-nha          pirru-ngku.
    1sg.erg feed-usit         old man-group-acc    meat-erg
    `I used to feed the old men with meat.' [T47s99]
Example #3:

    (3)      Ngatha       nhurra-nha murrurrpa                    mana-ra.
    1sg.erg      2sg-acc         cicatrice.acc           get-fut
    `I will get you cicatrices.' [T50s7]
Example #4:

    (4)      Yinha nhurra             parlura-rni-nma           payipa         nganaju.
    this.acc 2sg.erg         full-caus-imper           pipe.acc       1sg.dat.acc
    `You fill up this pipe of mine!' [T61s11]
Example #5:

    (5)      Yawarnu          wantha-rrartu       ngatha.
    windbreak.acc put-usit               1sg.erg
    `I used to put down a windbreak.' [T61s40]
Example #6:

    (6)      Piji-nha mantharta-nha wanka-rla-rninyja                      ngulu-pa            martaru-lu.
    many-acc man-acc            live-make-past                    that.erg-spec       gum-erg
    `That gum has cured many people.' [T52s16]
Example #7:

    (7)      Jimpingka-rninyja       ngatha-thu    wirta-nyjarri-nha.
    carry-past              1sg.erg-def boy-pl-acc
    `I carried the boys on my back.' [T47s121]
Example #8:

    (8)      Warri nhanya-ra         ngatha-nha        ngunhi-pa                    kajalpu-lu .
    not     see-fut         1sg-acc           there-spec                   emu-erg
    `The emu will not see me there.' [T51s11]
Example #9:

    (9)      Wuru          ngunha       panyji-nyja          martura-rru.
    stick.nom that.nom         break-past           middle-now
    `The stick broke in the middle.' [T45s13]
Example #10:

    (10)     Ngurnta-ja    ngunha-pa               kurlkanyurri-ngu-rru.
    lie-past      that.nom-spec           think-imperfss-now
    `He lay down thinking.' [T45s15]
Example #11:

    (11)     Juru-ngku     ngatha-nha      kulypa-jipa-rninyja         parna.
    sun-erg       1sg-acc         be sore-tr-past             head.acc
    `The sun made my head sore.' [T21s3]
Example #12:

    (12)     Kutharra-rru   ngunha        ngurnta-inha            jiluru.
    two.nom-now that.nom         lie-pres                egg.nom
    `Now those two eggs are lying (there).' [T51s9]
Example #13:

    (13)     Karla      wantha-nma-rni           jarnpa         juma .
    fire.acc   give-imper-hence         light.acc      small.acc
    `Give me a small fire light.' [T61s15]
Example #14:

    (14)     Papa- ngka      tharrpa-rninyja         karla.
    water-loc       insert-past             fire.acc
    `(He) put the fire in the water.' [T43s73]
Example #15:

    (15)     Yalha-ngka wantha-rrka nganthurra-lu marrungku-lu.
    ground-loc put-fut           we.pl-erg       for.ever-erg
    `We will put (them) in the ground for ever.' [T44s21]
Example #16:

    (16)     Wirntupinya-nyja-rru.
    kill-past-now
    `(They) killed (him).' [T42s25]
Example #17:

    (17) Nyajurri-nyja parlirri-rarringu-rru.
    turn-past        come back-intent-now
    `(He) turned (and) came back.' [T43s77]
Example #18:

    3     Pulhapayara-lu kanya-nyja                 pirru             ngunha.
    [name]-erg            carry-past          meat.acc          that.acc
    `Pulhapayara carried that meat.'
Example #19:

    4     Mujiya-rninyja          kajalpu             ngarri-ngka       kampa-rninyjalu
    steal-past              emu.acc             ash-loc           cook-perfss
    `(Someone) stole the emu after cooking (it) in the ashes.'
Example #20:

    5     Ngunha            yana-nyja        ngurnta-nhu-rru          kumpa-yi.
    that.nom          go-past lie-imperfss-now          sit-purpss
    `He went to lie down.'
Example #21:

    6     Kururri-rarringu.
    wake-intent
    `(He) woke up.'
Example #22:

    7     Yana-rarringu           ngurlu-pa                   ngarri-rla.
    go-intent               that.allat-spec             ash-allat
    `(He) went to those ashes.'
Example #23:

    8     Yirrara-thu ngunha               wuru-ngku          ngarri      kala-rni-rninyja.
    top.acc-def       that.acc       stick-erg          ash.acc     like this-caus-past
    `(He) made the ashes on top go like this with a stick.'
Example #24:

    ngarri-ngka ngurnta-iniya-la.
    ash-loc          lie-imperfds-loc
    `(He) inserted the stick inside the emu lying in the ashes.'
Example #25:

    10    Jikalpa-lkarringu-rru.
    lift-intent-now
    `(He) lifted (it).'
Example #26:

    11    Pampa-rru         kumpa-ja         jikalpa-rnu.
    cannot            sit-past         lift-imperfss
    `(He) couldn't lift it.'
Example #27:

    12    Wuru-thu            ngunha            panyji-nyja-rru.
    stick.nom-def that.nom                break-past-now
    `The stick broke.'
Example #28:

    13    Wuru              ngunha           panyji-nyja              martura-rru.
    stick.nom         that.nom         break-past               middle.nom-now
    `The stick broke in the middle.'
Example #29:

    14    Ngunha-pa-thu              warni-nyja         yarnara-rru.
    that.nom-spec-def          fall-past          on back-now
    `He fell on his back.'
Example #30:

    15       Ngurnta-ja    ngunha-pa                  kurlkanyurri-ngu-rru.
    lie-past      that.nom-spec              think-imperfss-now
    `He lay down thinking.'
Example #31:

    69       Kaji nhurra            yana-ma          mana-ngku         ngurlu          karla-rla.
    try     2sg.nom        go-imper         get-purpss        that.allat      fire-allat
    `You try to go and get the fire.'
Example #32:

    70       Nganthurra-ju          wirntu-rri-rarringu          nyirnta        kamu-nyjarri.
    we.pl-excl.nom         dead-inchoat-intent          here           hungry-pl.nom
    `We hungry ones could die here.'
Example #33:

    71       Kurukurura               ngunha      ngarlpurri-nyja.
    peregrine.falcon.nom that            run-past
    `Peregrine Falcon ran.'
Example #34:

    72       Jintijinti-lu          nhanya-nyja-rni            ngunha           nhuku-rru.
    willy.wagtail-erg      see-past-hence             that.acc         near-now
    `Willy Wagtail saw him close by.'
Example #35:

    73       Papa- ngka      tharrpa-rninyja          karla.
    water-loc       insert-past              fire.acc
    `(He) put the fire in the water.'
Example #36:

    74       Kurukurura               ngunha          yana-nyja        thanarti-la     ngula.
    peregrine.falcon.nom that                go-past sea-loc that.loc
    `Peregrine Falcon went out to sea.'
Example #37:

    75       Jintijinti-lu            parru-nthu-rru             jikalpa-rninyja.
    willy wagtail-erg        and then-again-now         hold.up-past
    `Willy Wagtail held (it) up again.'
Example #38:

    76       Kurukurura                  yijarra      yana-nyja.
    peregrine falcon.nom        past         go-past
    `Peregrine Falcon went past.'
Example #39:

    77       Nyajurri-nyja        parlirri-rarringu-rru.
    turn-past            come.back-intent-now
    `(He) turned (and) came back.'
Example #40:

    nhukuwila-rri-ngu-rru.
    close-inchoat-imperfss-now
    `(He) came on the surface of the water, getting closer.'
Example #41:

    79       Jintijinti-lu           jikalpa-rninyja        karla.
    willy.wagtail-erg       hold up-past           fire
    `Willy Wagtail held up the fire.'
Example #42:

    80       Kurukurura-lu           jarnpi-rninyja-rru       karla.
    peregrine.falcon-erg snatch-past-now             fire.acc
    `Peregrine Falcon snatched the fire.'
Example #43:

    karla-wu        thintirni-rnu-rru
    fire-dat        knock.together-imperfss-now
    `Peregrine Falcon came back to the mob, knocking the fire together.'
Example #44:

    82       Wirripuka       mangkapurtu-rri-nyja-rru.
    many.nom        glad-inchoat-past-now
    `The mob were glad.'
Example #45:

    83       Tharla-rninyja-rru        kurukurura-nha            thurnti-ngku.
    feed-past-now             peregrine.falcon-acc      vegetable.food-erg
    `(They) fed Peregrine Falcon with food.'
Example #46:

    jarntira-wu-lu     thuthu-ngku.
    old woman-dat-erg dog-erg
    `That old woman's dog chased him again.' [T18s1]
Example #47:

    (20)     Minga-nyjarri-yi-rru nhurra         thika-rnu                kumpa-ma.
    ant-pl-dat-now         2sg.nom      eat-imperfss             sit-imper
    `You sit down eating ants!' [T40s29]
Example #48:

    (21)     Tharla-nma yinha            julyu-nha       kamu-rri-ya-nha.
    feed-imper      this.acc    old.man-acc     hunger-inchoat-imperfds-acc
    `Feed this old man who is becoming hungry!' [T15s1]