The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Maria Bittner (1994). Syntax and Semantics of the Ergative Construction.

URL: http://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~mbittner/pdf%20files%20for%20web/bittner%20&%20hale%2091.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3880&langcode=wbp (2020-10-01).


Example #1:

    b.     nya-nyi ka-np-ju          nyuntu-rlu ngaju               (Warlpiri)
    see-NPST PRS-2sERG-1sNOM you-ERG      I-NOM
    "You see me"
Example #2:

    a.     wangka-mi ka-rna        [     parnka-nja-karra]
    speak-NPST PRS-1si proi [ _k run-INF-COMPk=i]
    "Ii am speaking [while _i running]"
Example #3:

    b.     Ngarrka- ka-     wirnpirli-mi [    karli-       jarnti-rninja-karra
    man-NOMi   PRS-3si whistle-NPST [ _k boomerang-NOM trim-INF-COMPk=i]
    "The mani is whistling [while _i trimming a boomerang]