ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Jeffrey Lidz (2000). Echo Reduplication in Kannada.

URL: http://www.ling.nwu.edu/~lidz/echofin.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 463&langcode=kan (2019-05-24).

 

Example #1:

    8) a.          baagil-annu much-gich-id-e anta heeLa-beeDa
    door-ACC close-RED-PST-1S that say-PROH
    'Don't say that I closed the door or did related activities.'
Example #2:

    b.        baagil-annu much-id-e-gichide anta heeLa-beeDa
    door-ACC close-PST-1S-RED that say-PROH
    'Don't say that I closed the door or did related activities.'
Example #3:

    9) a.          baagil-giigil-annu much-id-e
    door-RED-ACC         close-PST-1S
    'I closed the door and related things.'
Example #4:

    b.      baagil-annu-giigilannu much-id-e
    door-ACC-RED              close-PST-1S
    'I closed the door and related things.'
Example #5:

    anta heeLa-beeDa
    that say-PROH
    'Don't say that I closed the door or did related activities.'
Example #6:

    b.      pustav-annu meejin-a meele giijina meele nooD-id-e
    book-ACC table-gen on RED                    see-PST-1S
    'I saw the book on the table and in related places.'
Example #7:

    c)        baagilu muchi-gichi-koND-itu anta heeLa-beeDa
    door-NOM close-RED-REFL.PST-3SN that say-PROH
    `Don't say that the door closed or did related things.'
Example #8:

    heeLa-beeDa
    say-PROH
    `Don't say that the door closed or did related things.'
Example #9:

    heeLa-beeDa
    say-PROH
    activities.'
Example #10:

    anta heeLa-beeDa
    that say-PROH
    activities.'
Example #11:

    heeLa-beeDa
    say-PROH
    activities.'
Example #12:

    heeLa-beeDa
    say-PROH
    activities.'
Example #13:

    heeLa-beeDa
    say-PROH
    activities.'
Example #14:

    heeLa-beeDa
    say-PROH
    activities.'
Example #15:

    heeLa-beeDa
    say-PROH
    activities.'
Example #16:

    c)       avanu cikk-gikk-avanu alla
    he-NOM small-RED-he         NEG
    `It's not as if he's a young etc. man.'
Example #17:

    16) a.        toor-ike
    show-NMNL
    `appearance'
Example #18:

    c.       toor-ike    giirike
    show-NMNL RED
    'appearances and related things'
Example #19:

    17) a.        tooru-vike
    show-GER
    `showing'
Example #20:

    c.       tooruvike giiruvike
    show-GER RED
    'showing and related activities'
Example #21:

    18) a.        ooD-aaTa
    run-play
    `running around'
Example #22:

    c.       ooD-aaTa giiDaaTa
    run-play RED
    'running around and related activities'
Example #23:

    19) a.       hoogu-vudu
    go-GER
    `going'
Example #24:

    c.       hoogu-vudu giiguvudu
    go-GER       RED
    'going and related activities'
Example #25:

    20) a.       doDDa-tana
    large-NOM
    `largeness'
Example #26:

    22) a.        Rashmi Hari-ge maNNu tinn-is-id-aLu
    Rashmi Hari-DAT mud         eat-CAUS-PST-3SF
    'Rashmi ruined Hari.' (lit. Rashmi made Hari eat mud)
Example #27:

    24) a.         toor-ike
    show-NMNL
    `appearance'
Example #28:

    25) a.         tooru-vike
    show-GER
    `showing'
Example #29:

    26) a.         beeD-isu
    beg-CAUS
    'to cause to beg'
Example #30:

    c.       beeD-giiD-isu
    beg-RED-CAUS
    'to cause to beg and related activities'
Example #31:

    d.       beeD-isu-giiDisu
    beg-CAUS-RED
    'to cause to beg and do related activities'
Example #32:

    27) a.       kaalu-gaLu
    leg-PL
    'legs'
Example #33:

    c.       kaalu-giilu-gaLu
    leg-RED-PL
    'legs and stuff'
Example #34:

    d.       kaalu-gaLu-giilugaLu
    leg-PL-RED
    'legs and stuff'
Example #35:

    34) a.    *   baagil-annu much-gich-id-e
    door-ACC close-RED-PST-1S
    `I closed the door and did related activities.'
Example #36:

    b.   *   baagil-annu much-id-e gichide
    door-ACC close-PST-1S-RED
    `I closed the door and did related activities.'
Example #37:

    c.   *   naanu baagil-annu muchide giigilannu muchide
    I-NOM door-ACC close-PST-1S RED
    `I closed the door and did related activities.'
Example #38:

    heeLa-beeDa
    say-PROH
    `Don't say that I closed the door and did related activities.'
Example #39:

    d.        baagil-annu-giigilannu muchide
    door-ACC-RED              close-PST-1S
    `I closed the door and related things.'
Example #40:

    35) a.         hari baagilannu muchi-gich-al-illa
    Hari door-ACC close-RED-INF-NEG
    `Hari didn't close the door or do any such thing.'
Example #41:

    b.        niinu baagil-annu muchi-gich-al-illa-valla-a
    you door-ACC close-RED-INF-NEG-TAG-Q
    `You didn't close the door or do any such thing, did you?'
Example #42:

    c.        hari baagil-annu muchi-gich-id-a-a
    Hari door-ACC close-RED-PST-3SM-Q
    `Did Hari close the door or do any such thing?'
Example #43:

    40) a.             patr-isu
    letter-CAUS
    `to write a letter'
Example #44:

    b.           toor-ike
    show-NMNL
    `appearance'