The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Melanie Green & Philip J. Jaggar (2003). Ex-situ and In-situ Focus in Hausa.

URL: http://www.cogs.susx.ac.uk/users/melanieg/CAL5.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 911&langcode=hau (2021-12-03).


Example #1:

    B: Na ma]nce jaśka	a daś hu•la	a                                                      NI focus
    1s.PF forget bag.of.1s and hat.of.1s
    `I forgot my bag and my hat'
Example #2:

    B: A|& a,• ya
ośnkaś (ne)    mukaś      ganÍ aś ka•suwa
    no boy.of.2m (FM.m) 1pl.FOC.PF see at market
    `No, we saw your boy at market'
Example #3:

    ... Auduś (ne)    take•       so]
    Audu (FM.m) 3f.FOC.IMPF love
    ... it's Audu she loves'
Example #4:

    ... tana• so]n Auduśś
    3f.IMPF love Audu
    ... she loves Audu'
Example #5:

    (46)       Suna•    ginaś sauwaģ makaģanta
    3pl.IMPF build new.of school
    `They're building a new school'