ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Fernández-Soriano, Olga and Gemma Rigau Temporal Non-Impersonal Constructions. Spanish Light Verbs Llevar and Tener

URL: http://seneca.uab.es/ggt/Reports/GGT-04-9.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-11).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1038&langcode=spa (2020-08-10).

 

Example #1:

    (1)       a. Son las cinco.
    are the five
    'It's five o'clock.'
Example #2:

    c. Hace cinco años que vivo aquí.
    makes five years that (I) live here
    'It is five years that I'm living here.'
Example #3:

    d. Va para cinco años que vivo aquí.
    goes for five years that (I) live here
    'It is almost five years that I'm living here.'
Example #4:

    (2)       a. Llevo viviendo aquí cinco años.
    (I) carry living here five years
    'It is five years that I'm living here.'
Example #5:

    b. Tu hermana lleva durmiendo muchas horas.
    your sister carries sleeping many hours
    'It is many hours that your sister is sleeping.'
Example #6:

    (3)       a. Tengo de vivir aquí cinco años.
    (I) have of live here five years
    'It is five years that I'm living here.'
Example #7:

    b. Ni un año tiene de haberse casado.
    not-even a year (he) has of have got married
    'It's not even a year that he got married.'
Example #8:

    c. Juan todavía ha de trabajar.
    John still has of work
    'John still has to work.'
Example #9:

    e. A las cinco tú estabas trabajando.
    at the five you were working
    'You were working at five o'clock'
Example #10:

    (5)       a. Tengo cinco años de vivir aquí.         (cf. (3a))
    (I) have five years of live here
    'It is five years that I'm living here.'
Example #11:

    b. No tiene ni un año de haberse casado. (cf. (3b))
    not ((s)he) has a year of have got married
    'It's not even a year that (s)he got married.'
Example #12:

    c. Llevo cinco años viviendo aquí. (cf. (2a))
    (I) carry five years living here
    'It is five years that I'm living here.'
Example #13:

    d. Tu hermana lleva muchas horas durmiendo (cf. (2b))
    your sister carries many hours sleeping
    'It is many hours that your sister has been sleeping.'
Example #14:

    (6)       a. Lleva cinco años aquí / de médico / sin trabajar.
    carries five years here / of doctor /without working
    'He has spent five years / as a doctor / not working.'
Example #15:

    b. Tengo aquí más de dos horas.
    (I) have here more of two hours
    'I have been here for more that two hours.'
Example #16:

    c. Este monasterio tiene un siglo de fundado.
    this monastery has a century of founded
    'This monastery was founded a century ago.'
Example #17:

    c. Esto viene costando / *sin costar 3 euros.
    This comes costing / without costing 3 euro
    `This costs around 3 euro.'
Example #18:

    (10)     a. No tiene (ni) un día de andar con gripa
    ((S)he) not has even a day of walk with flu
    `It's not even a day that (s)he has the flu.'
Example #19:

    b. No llevo mucho tiempo trabajando aquí.
    (I) not carry much time working here
    `It's not too long that I work here.'
Example #20:

    Llevo mucho tiempo sin trabajar aquí.
    (I) carry much time without working here
    `It's a long time that I don't work here.'
Example #21:

    (12)     a. ??¿Qué libro llevas tres meses leyendo?
    which book (you) carry three months reading
    What book have you been reading for three months?
Example #22:

    b. *¿Dónde llevabas tres meses leyéndolo?
    where do you carried three months reading it
    ( cf. 'Where were you reading?)
Example #23:

    c. ??¿Qué libro tienes tres meses de haber leído?
    What book have you three months of have read
    `what book is it three months that you read?'
Example #24:

    (14)     a. Porto sense veure-la vuit dies.
    (I) carry without see her eight days
    'It's eight days that haven't see her.'
Example #25:

    c. Llevan peleándose toda su vida
    (they) carry arguing all their lives
    'They have been arguing-cl . for all their lives.'
Example #26:

    e. Ya tienes de haberlos terminado tiempecito, tus estudios.
    (you) already have of have-them finished some time your studies
    'It is some time that you have finished your studies'
Example #27:

    b. - Pero ya tienen ahí diez años, ¿verdad?
    But you have there ten years, right?
    `He started working with no safety and has been here for 8 years'
Example #28:

    (17)         a. El cadáver tenía varios años de enterrado.
    the corps hadimp some years buried
    'The corps had been buried for some years.'
Example #29:

    b. El cadáver llevaba varios años enterrado.
    the corps carried imp some years buried
    'The corps had been buried for some years'
Example #30:

    (18)        a. Apenas tenía un día de nacido.
    hardly (he) had imp a day of born
    'It was hardly a day since he was born.'
Example #31:

    (20)         a. Tuviste varios días de estar enfermo. (Mexico).
    you had perf some days of be sick..
    `You have been sick for some days.'
Example #32:

    b. Había tenido un año de dar clases. (Mexico)
    he had had a year of give classes
    `He had been teaching for a year.'
Example #33:

    b.     Lleva los labios pintados.
    (s)he carries the lips painted
    `(s)he has lipstick on.'
Example #34:

    d. El 22 de abril, Miguel tuvo un año de malpasarla. (id)
    on April 22nd, Miguel had a year of passing it bad.
    `On April 22nd, Miguel had been having a bad time for a year.'
Example #35:

    e. Ya ha tenido un año de malpasarla, tratemos de ayudarlo. (id)
    already he has had a year of passing it bad, lets try to help him
    `He has already had a hard year, lets try to help him.'
Example #36:

    ciudadanía. (id)
    citizenship
    citizenship.'
Example #37:

    (28) a. María lleva tres años en esta empresa.
    Maria carries three years in this company
    `It is two years that Maria is in this company.'
Example #38:

    (i) Yo llevo trabajando desde las 10:30 de la mañana.
    I carry working since 10:30 in the morning
    `I've been working since10:30 in the morning.'
Example #39:

    (33)    a. María llevaba seis cartas escritas.
    María carried six letters written
    `Maria already had six letters written.'
Example #40:

    b. Ya lleva tomadas seis copas.
    Already carries drunk six drinks
    `(S)he already has six drinks.'
Example #41:

    (34)    a. Tuviste varios días de estar enfermo. (Mexico)
    You had some days of be sick
    `You were sick for some days.'
Example #42:

    b. Tiene varios años de andar de puto. (Mexico)
    He has several year of go of whore
    `It's several years that he has been having a hard time.'
Example #43:

    c. Ya tienes cinco años de haber terminado tus estudios. (Mexico)
    You already have five years of have finished your studies
    `It is five years that you have finished your studies.'
Example #44:

    d. Tenía un año de haber llegado de Puerto Plata. (Dom. Republic)
    He had one year of have arrived from Puerto Plata.
    `It was five years since he had arrived from Puerto Plata.'
Example #45:

    e. Tenemos dos años de haber trabajado de profesoras en nido.
    we have two years of have worked as professors in kindergarten
    `We have worked as school teachers for two years.'
Example #46:

    (35)      a. Los pueblos indios ya tenemos mucho tiempo oyendo esto.
    Indian people already have1ps a lot of time hearing this
    `We Indians have been hearing this for a long time.' (Mexico)
Example #47:

    (37)      a. Tuviste varios días de estar enfermo. (Mexico).
    you had some days of be sick..
    `You have been sick for some days.'
Example #48:

    b. Había tenido un año de dar clases. (Costa Rica)
    he had had a year of give classes
    `He had been teaching for a year.'
Example #49:

    c. El 22 de abril, Miguel tuvo un año de haber vivido en Boston.
    on April 22nd Miguel had a year of have lived in Boston.
    `On April 22nd, Miguel had been living in Boston for a year.'
Example #50:

    d. El 22 de abril, Miguel tuvo un año de malpasarla. (id)
    on April 22nd, Miguel had a year of passing it bad
    `On April 22nd, Miguel had been having a bad time for a year.'
Example #51:

    e. Ya ha tenido un año de malpasarla, tratemos de ayudarlo. (id)
    already he has had a year of passing it bad, lets try to help him
    `He has already a year of bad time, lets try to help him.'
Example #52:

    ciudadanía. (id)
    citizenship
    citizenship'.
Example #53:

    (38)       a. María tiene tres años de trabajar aquí.
    Maria has three years of working here
    `María has been working here for three years.'
Example #54:

    (39)        a. Tenía un año de (estar) fundado. (Costa Rica)
    It has a year of (being) founded
    ` It was founded a year ago.'
Example #55:

    c. Ya tiene cinco años de haberla visto. (Domican Republic)
    already has 5 year of having seen her
    `It is five years that (s)he saw her.'
Example #56:

    d. Yo tengo mucho de no ver a Flora .(Costa Rica)
    I have a lot of no see Flora
    `It is a long time since I last saw Flora.'
Example #57:

    (40)     a. Ya tengo tres meses que no me viene la regla (Costa Rica).
    already I have three months that does not come my period
    `It is three months that I don't have my period.'
Example #58:

    (41)     Tengo dos semanas que se *(me) casó el príncipe.
    I have two weeks that on me the prince got married
    `It is two weeks that the prince got married (on me)'
Example #59:

    (42) -...¿Cuántos años lleva aquí?
    How may years do you carry here?
    `How long is it that you have been here?'
Example #60:

    servicio.
    years of service
    years of duty.'
Example #61:

    (43)     a. Con tres años de trabajar contigo me bastó.
    with three years of working here was enough to me
    `Three years working here were enough for me.'
Example #62:

    b. Con tres años de (estar) licenciado, encontrará trabajo.
    with three years of being graduated (s)he will find a job
    `After three years of having graduated (s)he will find a job.'
Example #63:

    c. A los tres meses de nacido / haberse conocido se separaron.
    to the three years of born / having met they separated
    `They separated three months after he was born / they met.'
Example #64:

    (45)     Enrique cumple diecisiete años de muerto. (Mexico)
    Enrique turns seventeen years of death
    `It is fourteen years that Enrique died.'
Example #65:

    (46)      Hace dos semanas que se casó el príncipe.
    makes two weeks that got married the prince
    `It is two weeks that the prince got married.'
Example #66:

    estaba rentando.          (Venezuela)
    she was renting
    was renting.'