ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Wunderlich, Dieter (2000). Reconsidering structural case in Finnish.

URL: http://web.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/~wdl/FinnCase.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-15).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 104&langcode=fin (2018-04-26).

 

Example #1:

    (1)   a. Tuo-n häne-t /          karhu-n /       karhu-t /       karhu-j-a.
    bring-1sg (s)he-ACC / bear-GEN      / bear-pl.NOM / bear-pl-PART
    `I'll bring him/her / a/the bear     / the bears /      bears'
Example #2:

    b. Tuo häne-t /         karhu /        karhu-t /        karhu-j-a.
    bring (s)he-ACC / bear-NOM /        bear-pl.NOM / bear-pl-PART
    `Bring him/her / a/the bear /       the bears /      bears!'
Example #3:

    c. E-n tuo-nut hän-tä /                karhu-a /     karhu-j-a /      karhu-j-a.
    NEG-1sg bring-PFP (s)he-PART /      bear-PART / bear-pl-PART / bear-pl-PART
    `I won't bring him/her /            a/the bear / the bears /       bears'
Example #4:

    (10) a. Pakot-i-n        sinu-t     näke-mä-än karhu-n.
    force-PST-1sg you-ACC see-2INF-ILL bear-GEN
    `I forced you to see a/the bear'
Example #5:

    b. Sinu-t     pakote-ttiin     ampu-ma-an     karhu.
    you-ACC force-PASS.PST shoot-2INF-ILL bear-NOM
    `You were forced to shoot a/the bear'
Example #6:

    c. E-n        pakotta-nut sinu-a        näke-mä-än karhu-a.
    NEG-1sg force-PFP        you-PART see-2INF-ILL bear-PART
    `I didn't get you to see a/the bear'
Example #7:

    (11) a. Anno-i-n       sinu-n näh-dä karhu-n.
    let-PST-1sg you-GEN see-1INF bear-GEN
    `I let you see a/the bear'
Example #8:

    b. Sinu-n anne-ttiin näh-dä karhu.
    you-GEN let-PASS.PST see-1INF bear-NOM
    `You were allowed to see a/the bear'
Example #9:

    c. E-n        anta-nut sinu-n näh-dä karhu-a.
    NEG-1sg let-PFP       you-GEN see-1INF bear-PART
    `I didn't let you see a/the bear'
Example #10:

    (12) a. Halus-i-n        sinu-n näke-vä-n         karhu-n.
    want-PST-1sg you-GEN see-1PTC-GEN bear-GEN
    `I wanted you to see a/the bear'
Example #11:

    b. Sinu-n hallu-ttiin         näke-vä-n      karhu-n.
    you-GEN want-PASS.PST see-1PTC-GEN bear-GEN
    `It was wanted for you to see a/the bear'
Example #12:

    c. E-n        halun-nut sinu-n näke-vä-n           karhu-n.
    NEG-1sg want-PFP        you-GEN see-1PTC-GEN bear-GEN
    `I didn't want you to see a/the bear'