ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

S. Wurmbrand (2000). MIDTERM EXAMINATION.

URL: http://wurmbrand.uconn.edu/courses/files/exams/German2000-midterm.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1045&langcode=deu (2019-04-22).

 

Example #1:

    (1)   a.   Maria      hat jedem         dass ihr Bruder        die Suppe mit einer Gabel            gegessen      hatte          erzählt
    Mary       has everybody that       her brother     the soup     with a fork             eaten         had            told
    `Mary told everybody that her brother had eaten the soup with a fork'
Example #2:

    b.   Einen Geist        gesehen    glaubt   Hans       dass             er      am Friedhof           hat
    A ghost-ACC        seen       thinks   John       that             he      at-the graveyard      has
    `John thinks that he has SEEN A GHOST at the graveyard'
Example #3:

    c.   Der Lehrer     hat angekündigt dass diese Aufgabe jeder Schüler in 10 Minuten lösen können muss
    The teacher has announced         that    this problem every student in 10 minutes solve can must
    `The teacher announced that every student must be able to solve the problem in 1
Example #4:

    d.   Gestern      hat ein Mann      die Maria besucht der                           wie       mein Onkel      aussah
    Yesterday has a man-NOM the Mary            visited    who-MASC                like      my uncle        looked
    `Yesterday a man visited Mary who looked like my uncle'
Example #5:

    e.   Dem Kind          eine Geschichte erzählt            haben       die Eltern     nicht      oft
    The child-DAT a story                   told         have        the parents    not        often
    `The parents didn't often tell the child a story', `It didn't often happen that
Example #6:

    b. *Hans    will          bis morgen        können            schwimmen
    John    wants         by tomorrow       can               swim
    `John wants to be able to swim by tomorrow'
Example #7:

    c.   *...dass Bilder          von sichi       der Hans             gestern     seiner Schwesteri      gegeben     hat
    ...that pictures        of SELFi        the John-NOM         yesterday   his sisteri-DAT        given       has
    `...that John gave his sister pictures of herself yesterday'
Example #8:

    d. *Den Präsidenten          hat     Hans     gesagt dass          er    sah            gestern
    The president-ACC        has     John     said     that        he    saw            yesterday
    `John (has) said that yesterday, he saw the president'
Example #9:

    e.   *Der Peter              wurde     einen Wagen      gegeben
    The Peter-NOM          was       a car-ACC        given
    `Peter was given a car'
Example #10:

    a.   Dem Peter        ein Buch             gegeben   hat       niemand
    The Peter-DAT a book-ACC              given     has       nobody-NOM
    `Nobody gave Peter a book'
Example #11:

    b.   Ein Buch         dem Peter     gegeben          hat       niemand
    A book-ACC       the Peter-DAT given            has       nobody-NOM
    `Nobody gave Peter a book'
Example #12:

    c.   Ein Buch         gegeben        hat       niemand                dem Peter
    A book-ACC       give           has       nobody-NOM             the Peter-DAT
    `Nobody gave Peter a book'
Example #13:

    d. %Dem Peter        gegeben         hat       niemand                ein Buch
    The Peter-DAT given              has       nobody-NOM             a book-ACC
    `Nobody gave Peter a book'
Example #14:

    (7)   a.   Maria hat           dem Kind           geholfen
    Mary    has         the child          helped
    `Mary (has) helped the child'
Example #15:

    b.   Maria hat           das Kind           unterstützt
    Mary    has         the child          supported
    `Mary (has) supported the child'
Example #16:

    c.   Maria hat           den Kindern        zu helfen       beschlossen
    Mary    has         the children       to help         decided
    `Mary (has) decided to help the children'
Example #17:

    d.   Maria hat           die Kinder         zu unterstützen beschlossen
    Mary    has         the children       to support      decided
    `Mary (has) decided to support the children'
Example #18:

    e.   Maria hat            den Kindern        zu helfen      versucht
    Mary    has          the children       to help        tried
    `Mary (has) tried to help the children'
Example #19:

    f.   Maria hat            die Kinder         zu unterstützen versucht
    Mary    has          the children       to support      tried
    `Mary (has) tried to support the children'
Example #20:

    g.   Ich       habe       die ganze Nacht   getanzt
    I         have       the whole night   danced
    `I (have) danced all night'
Example #21:

    h.   Viele Menschen     sind              im Krieg          gestorben
    Many people        are               in-the war        died
    `Many people (have) died during the war'