ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Lee-Schoenfeld, Vera (2003). German Possessor Datives: Raised And Affected.

URL: http://people.ucsc.edu/~vls/Papers/German_PDC_paper.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-11).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1046&langcode=deu (2019-07-17).

 

Example #1:

    (1)      a. Tim hat der Nachbarin              das Auto gewaschen.
    Tim has the neighbor (DAT, FEM) the      car      washed
    `Tim washed the neighbor's car.'
Example #2:

    (2)     a. Mein Bruder hat der Mami das Auto zu Schrott gefahren.
    my     brother   has the mom (DAT) the car      to scrap      driven
    `My brother totaled mom's car (totaled the car on mom).'
Example #3:

    (3)     a. *Der Mami das AUTO hat er zu Schrott gefahren.
    the mom (DAT) the car                has he to     scrap     driven
    `Mom's CAR he totaled.'
Example #4:

    b. Das AUTO hat er der Mami zu Schrott gefahren.
    the   car             has he the mom (DAT) to scrap         driven
    `Mom's CAR he totaled. (The CAR he totaled on mom.)'
Example #5:

    b. Mein Bruder wollte der Mami helfen.
    my      brother        wanted the mom (DAT) help
    `My brother wanted to help mom.'
Example #6:

    (5)     Ein guter Ehemann massiert seiner Frau jeden Abend den Rücken.
    a      good       husband        massages    his wife (DAT) each      evening   the back
    `A good husband massages his wife's back every night.'
Example #7:

    (6)       a. Mein Bruder hat der Mami leider                          ihr Auto zu Schrott gefahren.
    my        brother     has the mom (DAT) unfortunately her car       to scrap         driven
    `Unfortunately my brother totaled mom's car.'
Example #8:

    b. ?Ein guter Ehemann massiert seiner Frau jeden Abend ihren Rücken.
    a      good      husband    massages       his wife (DAT) each   evening    her       back
    `A good husband massages his wife's back every night.'
Example #9:

    (7)       Mein Bruder ist der Mami zu schnell gefahren.
    my        brother     has the mom (DAT) too fast        driven
    `My brother drove too fast for mom.'
Example #10:

    (8)       Schlaf mir jetzt schön ein, Kleines!
    sleep       me (DAT) now nicely      in   little one
    `Kindly fall asleep for me now, little one!'
Example #11:

    b. *Tim wohnt Lena            im Garten.
    Tim lives     Lena (DAT) in-the garden
    `Tim lives in Lena's garden.'
Example #12:

    c. ?Tim steht Lena          im Garten herum.
    Tim stands Lena (DAT) in-the garden      around
    `Tim stands around in Lena's garden.'
Example #13:

    d. Tim ruiniert Lena         den schönen Garten.
    Tim ruins      Lena (DAT) the beautiful     garden
    `Tim ruins Lena's beautiful garden.'
Example #14:

    e. Tim gräbt Lena         den Garten um.
    Tim digs     Lena (DAT) the garden     around
    `Tim aerates Lena's garden.'
Example #15:

    (10)    a. Tim hat Lena        das Foto vergrößert.
    Tim has Lena (DAT) the   photo enlarged
    `Tim enlarged Lena's photograph.' [Lena = possessor or creator]
Example #16:

    (11)      a. *Ich fotografierte der Armee die Zerstörung der Stadt.
    I     photographed   the army (DAT) the destruction   the city (GEN)
    `I photographed the army's destruction of the city.'
Example #17:

    b. *Die Journalisten sahen der Armee die Hinrichtung von einigen Gefangenen.
    the   jounralists    saw     the army (DAT) the execution       of     several   prisoners
    `The journalists saw the army's execution of several prisoners.'
Example #18:

    (12)      a. *ha-kelev hitrocec le-Rina
    the-dog      ran-around to-Rina
    `Rina's dog ran around.'
Example #19:

    b. *Der Hund ist Lena               herumgelaufen.
    the    dog      is Lena (DAT) around-run
    `Lena's dog ran around.'
Example #20:

    (13)    a. Der Hund ist Lena             überfahren worden
    the    dog      is Lena (DAT) over-driven    PASS
    `Lena's dog was run over (by a car).'
Example #21:

    b. Der Arm ist mir             eingeschlafen.
    the    arm     is me (DAT) in-slept
    `My arm fell asleep.'
Example #22:

    (15)    a. Jan hat beschlossen [IP Luise die Haare zu waschen].
    Jan has decided               Luise (DAT) the hair      to   wash
    `Jan decided to wash Luise's hair.'
Example #23:

    c. Jan hat Luise versucht [VP die Haare zu waschen].
    Jan has Luise (DAT) tried               the hair     to wash
    `Jan has tried to wash Luise's hair.'
Example #24:

    (16)    a. Tim pflegte Lena             [das Fohlen [der Stute]] gesund.
    Tim treated   Lena (DAT) the     foal        the mare (GEN) healthy
    `Tim cured the mare's foal which belongs to Lena.'
Example #25:

    b. Tim pflegte Lena [die Mutter [des Fohlens]] gesund.
    Tim treated   Lena (DAT) the mother          the foal (GEN)    healthy
    `Tim cured the foal's mother which belongs to Lena.'
Example #26:

    (20)    a. Jan1 hat dem Direktor versprochen [IP PRO1 zur Party zu kommen].
    Jan   has the       director       promised                     to-the party   to come
    `Jan promised the director to come to the party.'
Example #27:

    b. Jan1 hat [DP eine ganze Liste von [DP Büchern PRO1 zu lesen]].
    Jan   has       a        whole     list   of            books              to read
    `Jan has a whole list of books to read.'
Example #28:

    (21)    a. Eine Katze kommt meinen Eltern nicht ins Haus.
    a     cat       comes          my parents (DAT)   not     in-the house
    `A cat is not allowed in my parents house.' (idiomatic)
Example #29:

    b. Das Kind legte sich dem Papa auf den Bauch.
    the   child   lay    self    the dad (DAT) on     the   stomach
    `The child lay down on the dad's stomach.'
Example #30:

    (22)     a. Er stand der Braut auf der Schleppe.
    he stood the bride (DAT) on      the   train
    `He stood on the bride's train.'
Example #31:

    b. Das Buch lag Tim                direkt vor           der Nase.
    the   book    lay Tim (DAT) directly in-front-of the nose
    `The book was lying directly in front of Tim (literally: in front of Tim's nose)
Example #32:

    (23)          Er hat der Frau             etwas aus der Handtasche genommen.
    he has the woman (DAT) something out the          purse              taken
    `He took something from the woman's purse.'
Example #33:

    (24)     a. *Tim ging Lena                wegen der Katze zum Tierarzt.
    Tim went Lena (DAT) because-of the cat                 to-the vet
    `Tim went to the vet because of Lena's cat.'
Example #34:

    b. *Tim war Lena             trotz des Erfolges schlecht gelaunt.
    Tim war Lena (DAT) despite the         success         badly        tempered
    `Tim was in a bad mood despite Lena's success'
Example #35:

    (25)           Brittai hat sich beim PROi Warmlaufen vor dem Spiel verletzt.
    Britta     has self     at-the               warm-running     before the   game    injured
    `Britta injured herself while warming up before the game.'
Example #36:

    (26)      a. Timi lässt Lena nicht neben sichi essen.
    Tim      lets   Lena     not           next to self   eat
    `Tim doesn't let Lena eat next to him.'
Example #37:

    b. Der Direktori lässt die Versammlung ohne sichi anfangen.
    the   director         lets      the     gathering          without self   start
    `The director lets the gathering start without him.'
Example #38:

    (27)      a. Tim aß Lena                *(den Spinat).
    Tim ate Lena (DAT) (the                spinach)
    `Tim ate Lena's spinach.'
Example #39:

    b. Tim verdreckte Lena                        *(die Küche).
    Tim dirtied             Lena (DAT)         (the kitchen)
    `Tim made Lena's kitchen dirty.'
Example #40:

    b. *Tim nahm Lena die Tasche.
    Tim took       Lena (DAT) the bag
    `Tim took Lena's bag.'
Example #41:

    b. *Tim schaute Lena               das Haus an.
    Tim looked        Lena (DAT) the house at
    `Tim looked at Lena's house.'
Example #42:

    b. ?Tim fand Lena               den Ring.
    Tim found Lena (DAT) the ring
    `Tim found Lena's ring.'
Example #43:

    b. *Tim lachte Lena in der Küche.
    Tim laughed Lena (DAT) in the kitchen
    `Tim laughed in Lena's kitchen.'
Example #44:

    b. Die Kinder schlafen mir nicht schnell genug ein.
    the children    sleep         me (DAT) not          fast         enough   in
    `The children don't fall asleep fast enough for me.'
Example #45:

    (i) *Ich habe unseren Nachbarn der Tocher             geholfen.
    I   have our neighbors (DAT) the daughter (DAT) helped
    `I helped our neighbors' daughter.'
Example #46:

    (ii) *Er hat seiner Freundin dem Vater           gratuliert.
    he has his girlfriend (DAT) the father (DAT) congratulated
    `He congratulated his girlfriend's father.'
Example #47:

    b. Chris bewunderte seinen Bruder
    Chris   admired     his      brother
    `Chris admired his brother.'
Example #48:

    (44)     a. ?*Mein Bruder hat das Auto der Mami zu Schrott gefahren
    my       brother     has the car (ACC) the mom (DAT) to scraps            driven
    `My brother totaled mom's car.'
Example #49:

    b. ?Mein Bruder hat das Auto dem PAPI, nicht der MAMI, zu Schrott gefahren
    my     brother      has the car (ACC) the dad (DAT) not           the mom (DAT) to   scraps   driven
    `My brother totaled DAD's, not MOM's car.'
Example #50:

    (46)    a. Er massiert sich        die Füße.
    he massages   self (DAT) the feet
    `He is massaging his feet.'
Example #51:

    b. *Er hebt sich       die Hand.
    he raises self(DAT) the hand
    `He is raising his hand.'