The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Goddard, Cliff and Anna Wierzbicka (1997). Discourse and Culture.

URL: http://www.narod-sobe.cz/Kulturni_mosty/Goddard_and_Wierzbicka_1997__Discourse_and_Culture.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1048&langcode=kdd (2021-10-23).


Example #1:

    (15a) Mai nyuntumpa ngarinyi? Ngayulu mai wiya.
    food yours    liePRES   I       food NEG
    `Any food of yours lying around? I don't have any food.'
Example #2:

    (15b) Ngayulu waru wiya. Nyinatjura ka-na waru urara        utitjura.
    I      wood NEG stopIMP       and-I wood gatherSERIAL loadIMP
    `I haven't got any firewood. Stop and I'll load some on.'
Example #3:

    (15c) Tjilpinya   nyinanyi?
    old manNAME sitPRES
    `Is the old man around?'
Example #4:

    16b. Munta, waru-mpa-l.         Nguwan-ampa-na               mana-nyi.
    oh     wood-INTEREST-I see almost-INTEREST-I            getPRES
    `Oh, some firewood, I see. I'd rather like to get some.'
Example #5:

    (18a) A: Awai! Tjukaku-na ngalya-yanu. Tjuka-tja ngalya-yuwa!
    hey sugarPURP-I this way-came sugar-me this way-giveIMP
    `Hey! I came here for sugar. Give me some sugar!'
Example #6:

    (18b) B: Tjuka wanyu nyuntu yaalara payamilara nyangangka tjunu?
    sugar just let you when buySERIAL here           putPAST
    `Just when did you ever buy any sugar and bring (put) it here?'
Example #7:

    (19a) A: Uwa, kati,  punytjulwiyangku kati!
    yes takeIMP bluntNEG.ERG      takeIMP
    `OK take it, but don't blunt it!'
Example #8:

    ka-na kati!
    and-I takeIMP
    and I'll be off with it.'
Example #9:

    Kulakula-mpa, kungka-kutu-mpa.
    randy-INTEREST woman-towards-INTEREST
    after? Randy was it? Off to see a woman, was it?'
Example #10:

    wati panya kurangku.
    man ANAPH badERG
    (you) bad one.'