ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Balázs Surányi (2002). Multiple Operator Movements in Hungarian.

URL: http://www.lotpublications.nl/publish/articles/000315/bookpart.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1071&langcode=hun (2019-08-20).

 

Example #1:

    (1)     a.      JNOS               jtt     el          a buliba
    J.-nom              came     along       the party-to
    `It's John who came along to the party'
Example #2:

    b.      A BULIBA            jtt     el          Jnos
    the party-to        came     along       J.-nom
    `It's the party that John came along to'
Example #3:

    (2 )    a.      Jnos           el          jtt               a buliba
    J.-nom          along       came               the party-to
    `John came along to the party'
Example #4:

    b.      Jnos          haza       jtt                 a bulibl
    J.-nom         home       came                 the party-from
    `John came home from the party'
Example #5:

    (3 )      a.      Jnos            nem             jtt      el            a buliba
    J.-nom           not             came      along         the party-to
    `John didn't come along to      the party'
Example #6:

    (4)       a.      JNOS          nem          jtt             el
    J.-nom         not          came             along
    `It's John who didn't come along'
Example #7:

    b.      Nem            JNOS        jtt             el
    not            J.-nom       came             along
    `It's not John who came along'
Example #8:

    (5)       a.      A verset             JNOS olvasta             fel
    the poem-acc         J.-nom read               up
    `As for the poem,     it's John who read it out'
Example #9:

    b.      A verset             nem        olvasta        fel           Jnos
    the poem-acc         not         read          up            J.-nom
    `As for the poem,     John didn't read it out'
Example #10:

    (6)       a.      Minden verset fel        olvasott         Jnos
    every poem-acc up        read             J.-nom
    `John read out every poem'
Example #11:

    b.      Minden verset JNOS olvasott              fel
    every poem-acc J.-nom read                up
    `For every poem, it's John who read it out'
Example #12:

    (12)   CSAK PTER fizet                el CSAK A LINGUISTIC INQUIRY-RA
    only P.-nom subscribe-3sg Pref only the Linguistic Inquiry-to
    `It's only Peter who subscribes only to Linguistic Inquiry'
Example #13:

    (13)   Minden cikket       kt brl           olvasott             el
    every article-acc   two reviewers-nom read-past-3sg           Pref
    `Two reviewers read every article' ( > 2, *2 > )
Example #14:

    (2)     a.      Jnost    AZ IGAZGAT mutatta               be    Marinak
    J.-acc    the director-nom introduced Pref M.-dat
    `As for John, it's the director who introduced him to Mary'
Example #15:

    b.      Marinak JNOST                mutatta       be    az igazgat
    M.-dat    J.-acc              introduced Pref the director-nom
    `As for Mary, it's John who the director introduced to her'
Example #16:

    b.      Egy aut      a hz eltt              llt
    a car-nom     the house in-front-of   stopped
    `A car stopped in front of the house'
Example #17:

    (5)    Meglttam              Jnost
    Pref-saw-1sg           J.-acc
    `I saw John'
Example #18:

    (6)    a.      Marinak Jnost         AZ IGAZGAT             mutatta       be
    M.-dat    J.-acc       the director-nom        introduced Pref
    to her'
Example #19:

    (8)    A:      Ami Jnost illeti,        szrevettk     pro       a lnyok?
    what J.-acc concerns      notice-took-3pl him       the girls-nom
    `As for John, did the girls notice him?'
Example #20:

    B:      Nem, JNOS vette               szre                 KET
    no      J.-nom took-3sg        notice                them
    `No, it's John who noticed them'
Example #21:

    (9)        Az eskvn        megjelent            MAGA AZ IGAZGAT
    the wedding-at Pref-appeared-3sg himself the director-nom
    `The director himself showed up at the wedding'
Example #22:

    (10)       A:      Mi       trtnt       az igazgatval?
    what     happened      the director-with
    `What happened to the director?'
Example #23:

    (13)    a.       Mari         egy kalapot       s      egy kabtot       nzett ki        magnak
    for
    `It was a hat and a coat that Mary picked for herself'
Example #24:

    b.       Mari           egy kalapot nzett ki        magnak
    M.-nom         a hat-acc      picked out    herself-for
    `It was a hat that Mary picked for herself'
Example #25:

    (15)    a.       JNOS evett            meg             CSAK KT STEMNYT
    J.-nom ate-3sg Pref                    only two cookies-acc
    `It was John who ate only two cookies              [.Kiss 1998a: 11]
Example #26:

    s      nem PTER (hvta                meg egy srre)       SANYIT
    and not        P.-nom invited-3sg Pref a beer-to             S.-acc
    and it's not the case that PETER treated ALEX to a beer'
Example #27:

    s     nem AZ ALMSPITT?
    and not the apple pie-acc
    `Who picked ICE-CREAM for pudding, and not APPLE PIE?'
Example #28:

    B:       JNOS vlasztotta desszertnek A FAGYIT / a fagyit
    J.-nom picked-3sg pudding-for the ice-cream-acc
    `It was John who picked the ice-cream'
Example #29:

    b.       CSAK AZ IGAZGAT jelent                   meg      az eskvn
    only the director-nom appeared-3sg        Pref     the wedding-at
    `Only the director himself showed up at the wedding'
Example #30:

    (18)    A:       Mikor     nekelte el MARI a npdalt             a legszebben?
    when      sang-3sg Pref M.-nom the folk song-acc the most beautifully
    `When     did MARY sing the folk song the most beautifully?'
Example #31:

    B:       MA        nekelte el MARI a npdalt             a legszebben
    today     sang-3sg Pref M.-nom the folk song-acc the most beautifully
    `It was   today that MARY sang the folk song the most beautifully'
Example #32:

    a legkorbban
    the earliest
    `The director himself showed up earliest at the wedding'
Example #33:

    s      nem PTER (hvta               meg egy srre)       SANYIT
    and not        P.-nom invited-3sg Pref a beer-to            S.-acc
    and it's not the case that PETER treated ALEX to a beer'
Example #34:

    b.     JNOS evett            meg             CSAK KT STEMNYT
    J.-nom ate-3sg Pref                    only two cookies-acc
    `It was John who ate only two cookies'
Example #35:

    s      nem SOK fnk                SOK alkalmazottat
    and not       many boss-nom         many employee-acc
    overtime)'
Example #36:

    eljjjn             KATI,      s nem fordtva
    Pref-come-subj-3sg K.-nom, and not the_other_way_around
    and not the other way around'
Example #37:

    megbukott KATI,         s      nem fordtva
    Pref-failed K.-nom and not              the_other_way_around
    and not the other way around'
Example #38:

    elment            KATI,     s      nem fordtva
    Pref-went-3sg K.-nom and not the_other_way_around
    and not the other way around'
Example #39:

    a hrt,       hogy megbukott           JNOS
    the news-acc that    Pref-failed-3sg J.-nom
    and not PETER (heard the rumour) that JOHN failed (the exam)'
Example #40:

    tlrztatni                KEVS alkalmazottat
    work_overtime-cause-inf few employees-acc
    every day'
Example #41:

    eljjjn              KATI,     s    nem fordtva
    Pref-come-subj-3sg K.-nom, and not           the_other_way_around
    along, and not the other way around'
Example #42:

    megbukott         KATI,     s     nem fordtva
    Pref-failed-3sg K.-nom and not           the_other_way_around
    and not the other way around'
Example #43:

    (26)   a.     Kiti         szeret      az proi (sajt) anyja?
    who-acc      love-3sg the pro (own) mother-poss-3sg-nom
    `Who is such that his (own) mother likes him?'   [Brody 1995a]
Example #44:

    (29)    a.      JNOS nem vette                  szre      PTERT
    J.-nom not          took-3sg     notice     P.-acc
    `JOHN didn't notice PETER'13
Example #45:

    (30)    a.      KEVESEN         nem vettk      szre  JNOST
    few_ones-nom not       took-3pl notice J.-acc
    `FEW people did not notice JOHN'
Example #46:

    b.      JNOS ette          meg csak a FINOM stemnyeket
    J.-nom ate-3sg Pref only the delicious cookies-acc
    `JOHN ate only the DELICIOUS cookies'
Example #47:

    (i)     KTHETENTE          nem       jn
    two weekly          not       come-3sg
    `It's every second week that he does not come'
Example #48:

    (ii)    KTHETENTE               szeretnm,           ha         jnnl
    two weekly               like-cond-1sg        if         come-COND-2sg
    `It's every second week that I would like you to come'
Example #49:

    (iii)   *KTHETENTE nem               szeretnm,          ha         jnnl
    two weekly          not       like-cond-1sg       if         come-COND-2sg
    `It's every second week that I would not like you to come'
Example #50:

    (31)   JNOS eszik          minden reggel             CSAK ALMT
    J.-nom eat-3sg every morning                   only apple-acc
    `It's John who eats only apples every morning'
Example #51:

    KEVS alkalmazottat          tlrztatni
    few employees-acc            work_overtime-cause-inf
    day'
Example #52:

    KATI       jjjn                el
    K.-nom come-subj-3sg             Pref
    it's CATHY who should come along'
Example #53:

    c.    Nekem MARI nem meslte, hogy KATI                    bukott  meg
    I-dat M.-nom not         told-3sg that K.-nom failed-3sg Pref
    (the exam)'
Example #54:

    (33)   MARI       hallotta a hrt,       hogy KATI         bukott     meg
    M.-nom heard-3sg the news-acc that K.-nom failed-3sg Pref
    `It's Mary who heard the rumour that it's Cathy who failed (the exam)'
Example #55:

    (38)   PTERT szeretnm             minden ron,       hogy meghvjuk
    P.-acc      like-cond-1sg    at all costs       that Pref-invite-subj-1pl
    `It's Peter who I would like at all costs that we should invite'
Example #56:

    (39)       *N szeretnm       (csak) PLT minden ron, hogy meghvjuk
    I-nom like-cond-1sg (only) P.-acc all all costs that Pref-invite-subj-1pl
    `It's me who would like at all costs that we should invite (only) PAUL'
Example #57:

    (40)       KT fi            ivott             CSAK SRT
    two boy-nom        drank-3sg         only beer-acc
    `It's two boys who drank only       beer'
Example #58:

    (41)       Melyik nap mutattl         be     mindenkit      csak KT tanrnak
    which day introduced-2sg Pref everybody-acc only two teachers-dat
    `Which day did you introduce everybody only to two teachers'
Example #59:

    (42)   Mirt      beszltl     PONT HROMSZOR               csak KT vezetvel
    Mirt      talked-3sg    exactly three-times          only two leader-with
    `Why did you talk only to two leaders exactly three times'
Example #60:

    (43)       Kevs harmadikos evett          CSAK A LEVESBL
    few third-grader     ate-3sg only the soup-from
    `Few third-graders ate only from the soup'
Example #61:

    (i)        Kevs ni szereplt             lttam      a darabban
    few actresses-acc             saw-1sg     the play-in
    `I saw actresses in the play'
Example #62:

    (44)   A posts            t levelet           vitt     ki
    the postman-nom     five letter-acc      took-3sg Pref
    `The postman delivered five letters'
Example #63:

    b.      A posts        kevs levelet vitt        ki
    the postman-nom few letter-acc took-3sg Pref
    `The postman delivered few letters'
Example #64:

    c.      A posts            hatnl kevesebb levelet             vitt    ki
    the postman-nom     fewer than six letter-acc           took    Pref
    `The postman delivered fewer than six letters'
Example #65:

    (47)   a.      Egy SZKE fi                bukott     meg    a vizsgn
    a BLOND boy-nom             failed-3sg Pref   at the exam
    `It was a blond boy that failed the exam'
Example #66:

    b.      Egy MAGAS fi               bukott     meg    a vizsgn
    a TALL boy-nom              failed-3sg Pref   at the exam
    `It was a tall boy that failed the exam'
Example #67:

    (48)   a.      Nyolc       tbb mint hat
    eight       more than six
    `Eight is more than six'
Example #68:

    b. *Nyolc          legalbb hat
    eight           at least six
    `Eight is at least six'
Example #69:

    c. Hat fi         kevs
    six boy         few
    `Six boys is few'
Example #70:

    d. *Pter, Jnos s Istvn          minden fi
    P.-nom, J.-nom and I.-nom        every/all boy
    `Peter, John and Steven are all the boys'
Example #71:

    (50)   a.     Kevs fi           ment           el
    few boy-nom         went-3sg       Pref
    `Few boys went along'
Example #72:

    b.     Nem         ment           el      kevs fi
    not         went-3sg       Pref    few boy-nom
    `It's not the case that few boys   went along'
Example #73:

    (51)   a.     Nem kevs fi              ment         el
    not     few boy-nom        went-3sg     Pref
    `It's not the case that few boys went along'
Example #74:

    b.     Nem MARI            ment         el
    not     M. -nom went-3sg         Pref
    `It's not Mary who went along'
Example #75:

    (52)   *Nem ment              el      MARI
    not     went-3sg       Pref M.-nom
    `It's not the case that it's Mari who went along'
Example #76:

    (53)   a.     Nem lthatta                    AZT A LNYT
    not     saw-may-past-3sg that the girl-acc
    `He cannot have seen THAT GIRL'
Example #77:

    b.     Nem AZT A LNYT                 lthatta
    not     that the girl-acc       saw-may-past-3sg
    `It's not that girl that he can have seen'
Example #78:

    (i)        Nem tartok                rt        CSAK KT DIKNAK
    not     hold-1sg          class-acc only two student-for
    `I won't give a class to only two students'
Example #79:

    (ii)       Nem           CSAK KT DIKNAK                   tartok       rt
    not           only two student-for               hold-1sg      class-acc
    `It's not the case that I am giving/will give a class to only two students'
Example #80:

    (iii)      *Nem tartottam            rt          CSAK KT DIKNAK
    not     held-1sg          class-acc only two student-for
    intended: `I didn't give a class to only two students'
Example #81:

    (54)    a.      A:       Kevs fi           ment              el                       [=(50a)]
    few boy-nom         went-3sg          Pref
    `Few boys went along'
Example #82:

    B:       Nem         ment           el        kevs fi           [= (50b)]
    not         went-3sg       Pref      few boy-nom
    `It's not the case that few boys     went along'
Example #83:

    b.      B:       Valjban       nem ment                el     senki sem
    in fact         not    went-3sg         Pref nobody-nom SEM
    `In fact, nobody went along'
Example #84:

    (55)    TEGNAP         jtt      el     kevs fi
    yesterday      came-3sg Pref few boy-nom
    `It was yesterday that few boys came along'
Example #85:

    (56)       Egy keddi napon      harapott      meg        minden kutya    kevs fit
    a Tuesday day-on bit-3sg           Pref       every dog-nom few boy-acc
    `It was on a Tuesday that every dog bit few boys'       [=Szabolcsi's (74d)]
Example #86:

    (58)       Ennl a cgnl         ismer     minden munkafzist   kevs ember
    this-at the firm-at    knows     every work phase-acc few man-nom
    `It is this firm where few men know every work phase'
Example #87:

    (6 0 )   a.      Mirt / Hova                 jtt     el?
    why / where-to               came-3sg Pref
    `Why / Where did he come along?'
Example #88:

    b.      *Hova        MA        jtt       el?
    where-to    today     came-3sg Pref
    `Where did he come along TODAY?'
Example #89:

    c.      Mirt        MA        jtt       el?
    why          today     came-3sg Pref
    `Why did he come along TODAY?'
Example #90:

    (i)      *Rosszul         A LECKT            csinlta meg
    badly            the homework-acc did-3sg     Pref
    `It's in a bad way that he did the HOMEWORK'
Example #91:

    (61)   a.     Hiba                     csinlta      meg       a leckt
    in vain                    did-3sg      Pref      the homework-acc
    `He did the homework in vain'
Example #92:

    e.     A LECKT                      csinlta     meg        hiba
    THE HOMEWORK-acc did-3sg                   Pref       in vain
    `It's the homework that he did in vain'
Example #93:

    f.     HIBA              csinlta       meg      (csak) A LECKT
    in vain            did-3sg        Pref     only the homework-acc
    `It was in vain that he did (only) THE HOMEWORK'
Example #94:

    Pteri [HDistP mindenkitk [FP a nvnapjn            ksznt fel
    P.-nom           everyone-acc the namesday-his-on greets Pref
    `Peter congratulates everyone on his nameday'
Example #95:

    (i)        Ptyi           egy keddi napon     harapott   meg     kettnl tbbszr   mindenkit
    Spotty          a Tuesday day-on bit-3sg       Pref    more than twice    everbody-acc
    `Spotty bit    everybody more than twice on a Tuesday'
Example #96:

    (44)   PTER mondott el egy diknak mindent                  CSAK KTSZER
    P.-nom told-3sg Pref a student-dat everything-acc only twice
    `It's Peter who told a student everything only twice'
Example #97:

    egy diknak
    a student-dat
    `It's Peter who showed every test to a student after every exam'
Example #98:

    (48)   PTER mutatott meg KT vizsga utn egy diknak minden dolgozatot
    P.-nom showed Pref TWO exam after a student-dat every test-acc
    `It's Peter who showed every test to a student after TWO exams'
Example #99:

    minden dolgozatot
    every test-acc
    `It's Peter who showed every test to TWO students after every exam'
Example #100:

    egy diknak mindkt vizsgja utn          kt krdst      CSAK KTSZER
    a student-dat both exam-poss-3sg after two question-acc only twice
    to a student after both his exams only twice'
Example #101:

    (55)   Mindkt fi       minden lnynak        klcsnadott         egy knyvet
    both boy-nom every girl-dat             Pref-lent-3sg        a book-acc
    `Both boys lent a book to every girl'
Example #102:

    (56)   Mindkt fi       KT lnynak    adott            klcsn       egy knyvet
    both boy-nom TWO girl-dat        lent-3sg         Pref          a book-acc
    `Both boys lent a book to TWO girls'
Example #103:

    Pter        mgsem        haragszik         meg
    P.-nom       still_not     become_angry Pref
    `I always   quarrel with him, Peter nevertheless is not angry with me'
Example #104:

    (60)   a.     Jnost       elttte             a vonat
    J.-acc       Pref-hit-past-3sg    the train-nom
    `The train   ran over John'
Example #105:

    (61)   Mindenki        ltott            egy lnyt
    everybody-nom saw-3sg             a girl-acc
    `Everybody saw a girl'
Example #106:

    az igazgat       hogy el        kell hagynia          az iskolt
    the principal-nom that Pref must leave-inf-3sg the school-acc
    leave the school'
Example #107:

    meghvkrtyt        kell       kldenie
    invitation-card-acc must         send-inf-3sg
    person'
Example #108:

    nyerni      fog
    win-inf will-3sg
    `Every one of our three candidates were likely to win'
Example #109:

    (i)     Minden unikornis         azt         hitte,             hogy         fehr
    every unicorn-nom        that-acc    believed-3sg       that         white
    `He believed that every unicorn is white'
Example #110:

    meghvkrtyt       kell       kldenie
    invitation-card-acc must        send-inf-3sg
    `Imre thought that he had to send an invitation card to every invited person'
Example #111:

    hogy       mr        elbeszlgettek
    that       already Pref-talked-3pl
    `I believed that the bosses had already talked to every applicant'
Example #112:

    a fnkk          mr        elbeszlgettek
    the bosses-nom already Pref-talked-3pl
    `Imre believed that the bosses had already talked to the applicants'
Example #113:

    (i)     *Minden fnk minden jelentkezvel azt                hitte,       hogy    mr     elbeszlgetett
    every boss-nom every applicant-with that-acc       believed-3sg that     already Pref-talked-3sg
    `Every boss believed that he had already talked    to every applicant'
Example #114:

    korbban      elbeszlgettetek
    earlier       Pref-talked-2pl
    `I believed yesterday that you had already talked to the applicants earlier'
Example #115:

    (i)     ?Minden meghvott,      aki     eljtt        Ptert       nagyon jl ismeri
    every invited_one-nom who Pref-came-3sg P.-acc            very well know-3sg
    `Every invited person who has come along knows Peter very well'
Example #116:

    (i)     *Velki     azt      hittk         a jelentkezki,    hogy           majd     elbeszlgetnek
    with-them that-acc believed-3pl the applicants-nom that              Fut      Pref-talk-2pl
    `The applicants believed that you would talk to them'
Example #117:

    hogy felveszitek
    that     Pref-admit-2pl
    `*Each other's teachers believed that you would admit the applicants'
Example #118:

    c.      A dikok        valszn     hogy      mind        hozzjrultak
    the boys-nom probable        that      each        Pref-contributed-3pl
    `The boys are likely to have each contributed to it'
Example #119:

    (70)   a.      Legalbb hrom fi            minden lnnyal            tncol            majd
    at least three boy-nom        every girl-with           dance-3sg         Fut
    `At least three boys will     dance with every girl'
Example #120:

    mindenkinek
    everbody-dat
    `TWO boys said that everybody had come along'
Example #121:

    b.     KT knyvet     olvasott      el      mindenki
    two book-acc    read-3sg      Pref    everbody-nom
    `Everybody read two books'
Example #122:

    (72)   KTSZER akartam,          hogy       eljjjn           mindenki
    twice         wanted-1sg that        Pref-come-subj-3sg everbody-nom
    `I wanted everybody to come along twice'
Example #123:

    (73)   Mindenki         KTSZER akartam,              hogy      eljjjn
    everybody-nom twice           wanted-1sg       that      Pref-come-subj-3sg
    `I wanted everybody to come along twice'
Example #124:

    (74)   Mindenkit        elkldtek
    everybody-acc Pref-sent-3pl
    `They sent everbody away'
Example #125:

    (75)   a.     *Mindenki             jtt        el
    everbody-nom          came-3sg    Pref
    `Everybody came along'
Example #126:

    c.     JNOS            jtt             el
    J.-nom           came-3sg         Pref
    `It's John who came along'
Example #127:

    (76)    A:       Mindenki        eljtt?
    everybody-nom Pref-came-3sg
    `Did everybody come along?'
Example #128:

    B:       Mindenki.
    everybody-nom
    `Yes'
Example #129:

    (77)    A:       Mindenki            TEGNAP jtt  el?
    everybody-nom yesterday came-3sg Pref
    `Did EVERYBODY came along YESTERDAY?'
Example #130:

    B:       Mindenki
    everybody-nom
    `Yes (it is true for everybody)'
Example #131:

    (78)   A:     Mindenki          TEGNAP jtt      el?
    everybody-nom yesterday came-3sg   Pref
    `Did everybody came along YESTERDAY?'
Example #132:

    B:     Tegnap
    Yesterday
    `Yes (it was yesterday)'
Example #133:

    B:    Tncba
    dance-to
    `Yes (they did so)'
Example #134:

    B': Minden lnyt
    every girl-acc
    `Yes (they took every girl)'
Example #135:

    (81)   A:     Legalbb hat fi             eljtt?
    at least six boy-nom         Pref-came-3sg
    `Did at least six boys come along?'
Example #136:

    (82)    a.      *Minden fi          Marit                   tncba
    every boy-nom        M.-acc                  dance-to               took-3sg
    intended: `Every     boy took Mary to dance'
Example #137:

    b.      *Minden fi          a szpsgkirlynt       tncba                 vitte
    every boy-nom        the beauty queen-acc dance-to                  took-3sg
    intended: `Every     boy took the beauty queen to dance'
Example #138:

    (83)    a.      ?Minden fi          egy lnyt               tncba    vitt
    every boy-nom        a girl-acc              dance-to took-3sg
    `Every boy took     a girl to dance'
Example #139:

    b.      ?Minden fi          valakit                 tncba    vitt
    every boy-nom        somebody-acc            dance-to took-3sg
    `Every boy took     somebody to dance'
Example #140:

    c.      ?Minden fi          az pro anyjt           MOZIBA kldte
    every boy-nom        his mother-acc          cinema-to sent-3sg
    `Every boy sent     his mother to cinema'
Example #141:

    d.      ?Minden fi          kt cikket              tnz
    every boy-nom        two articles-acc        Pref-browse-3sg
    `Every boy will     browse through two articles'
Example #142:

    (1)     a.       Pter       el       jtt                                   (neutral order)
    P.          Pref     came
    `Peter came along'
Example #143:

    b.       Pter       nem      jtt                el
    P.          not      came                Pref
    `Peter didn't come along'
Example #144:

    c.       PTER jtt           el
    P.          came     Pref
    `It's Peter who came along'
Example #145:

    d.       Ki          jtt     el
    Who         came     Pref
    `Who came along?'
Example #146:

    (2)     a.       MARI        nem jtt           el
    M.-nom not          came       Pref
    `It's Mary who didn't come along'
Example #147:

    b.       Nem         MARI       jtt       el
    not         M.-nom came           Pref
    `It's not the case that it's Mary who came along'
Example #148:

    c.       senki          nem       MARIT              hvta      meg
    nobody-nom not           M.-acc             invited    Pref
    `Nobody invited MA       RY'
Example #149:

    (6)     *nem felejtettem el       a lovat        s     vesztettem el a levelet
    not    forgot-1sg Pref the horse-acc and lost-1sg Pref the letter-acc
    `I didn't forget the horse and lose the letter'
Example #150:

    vesztettem el         a       levelet
    lost-1sg       Pref the       letter-acc
    `It is ME who forgot the horse and I lost the letter'
Example #151:

    c.     *El felejtettem a lovat               s     vesztettem a levelet
    Pref forgot-1sg the horse-acc and lost-1sg                he letter-acc
    `I forgot the horse and lost the letter'
Example #152:

    sznn      magam
    coal-to myself-acc
    `I won't travel to Balaton and burn myself to death'
Example #153:

    s     nem is           vitt     levest
    and not       also took-3sg soup-acc
    `She neither visited Peter, nor did she bring some soup (for him)'
Example #154:

    c.     nem igazn         rtette           meg        senki
    not    really      understood-3sg Pref          nobody-nom
    `Nobody really understood it
Example #155:

    (10)    Pter     el     jtt a buliba,        de     Jnos                   nem
    P.-nom Pref came the party-to but             J.-nom                  not
    `Peter came along to the party, but John did not'
Example #156:

    (11)    A:       El     jssz?
    Pref come-2sg
    `Will you come along?'
Example #157:

    (i)     *Nem ITT              tallok     semmit
    not     HERE          find-1sg    nothing-acc
    intended: `I can't find anything HERE'
Example #158:

    (i)        Soha nem        MARI       jn              el
    never not       M.-nom     comes            Pref
    `It's never Mary who comes along'
Example #159:

    (1 5 )   a.     Nem         MARI       nem           jtt       el                      [=(2c)]
    not         M.-nom not               came       Pref
    `It's not the case that it's Mary who didn't come along'
Example #160:

    b.     *MARI           nem JNOSSAL              jtt     el
    M.-nom          not    J.-with            came-3sg Pref
    `It's MARY that didn't come along with JOHN'
Example #161:

    (18)    Nem be           ment      hozzjuk, hanem levelet         kldtt nekik
    not    in(Pref) went-3sg to-them but            letter-acc sent-3sg to-them
    `He did not drop by them, but sent a letter to them instead'
Example #162:

    (19)    `Nem        MARI nem jtt               el,    hanem . . .
    not         M.-nom not         came-3sg Pref but . . .
    `It's not the case that it's Mary who didn't come along, but . . .'
Example #163:

    (20)       (Senki)                      nem          jtt                el      (senki)
    nobody-NOM                   not          come-   PAST-3SG PREF       nobody-   NOM
    `Nobody came along'
Example #164:

    (i)        Nem           nem          jtt             el,      hanem    meghalt
    not           not          came-3sg         Pref     but      Pref-died-3sg
    `It's not that he didn't come along, but in fact he died'
Example #165:

    d.    semelyik      fi    sem
    neither/none boy SEM
    `neither boy/none of the boys'
Example #166:

    (23)   a.     (Senki (*sem))  nem jtt               el    (senki (sem))
    nobody-NOM SEM not come-PAST-3SG PREF nobody-NOM SEM
    `Nobody came along'
Example #167:

    c.     Senki sem             jtt             el    sehova (sem)
    nobody-NOM SEM        come-PAST-3SG PREF nowhere-to SEM
    `Nobody came along anywhere'
Example #168:

    d.     (Senki (*sem))  nem MA jtt               el     (senki (sem))
    nobody-nom SEM not today come-PAST-3SG PREF nobody-nom SEM
    `Nobody came along TODAY'
Example #169:

    (27)   a.     senki             soha sem / nem IDE jtt                               el
    nobody-NOM        never SEM   not      HERE come-PAST-3SG               PREF
    `Nobody ever      came HERE'
Example #170:

    (28)     a.      Senki sem              MA                  nem        jtt            el
    nobody-NOM SEM today                       not        come-PAST-3SG PREF
    `Nobody is such that it's TODAY           that he did not come along'
Example #171:

    [semmirl         nem kszt       fott]
    [nothing-of not     make-3SG      photo-ACC]
    anything'
Example #172:

    (34)    a.      Semelyik fi valsznleg semelyik lnnyal nem tallkozott
    none boy-NOM probably         none girl-with     not meet-PAST-3SG
    `Probably, none of the boys met any of the girls'
Example #173:

    b.      Senkit         mg semmi baj                   nem rt
    nobody-ACC yet       nothing problem-NOM not          affect-PAST-3SG
    `Nobody had any problems yet'
Example #174:

    felels
    responsible
    `Interestingly, nobody is responsible for anything that happened'22
Example #175:

    (35)    a.      Semelyik fi     semelyik lnyt nem              vitte                tncba
    none boy-NOM none girl-ACC          not          take-   PAST-3SG     dance-in
    `None of the boys took any girl to dance'
Example #176:

    (42)       ?nem akartam          semelyiket sem      nem            fejezni    be
    not want-PAST-1SG none-ACC SEM            not            finish-INF PREF
    `I didn't want to not finish ANY of them'
Example #177:

    (43)   a.     (Senki)               nem            jtt     el           (senki)
    nobody-nom            not            came-3sg Pref         nobody-nom
    `Nobody came along'
Example #178:

    b.     (Senki)    sehova         nem        jtt     el           (senki)
    nobody-nom nowhere-to not            came-3sg Pref         nobody-nom
    `Nobody came along to nowhere'
Example #179:

    (44)   (Senki)    nem MA         jtt     el              (senki)
    nobody-nom not    today   came-3sg Pref            nobody-nom
    `Nobody came along TODAY'
Example #180:

    b.      *MA             senki sem            jtt       el
    today           nobody-nom SEM       came-3sg Pref
    intended: `It is TODAY that nobody came along'
Example #181:

    (46)   a.     Mirt / Hova                     jtt         el?
    why / where-to                   came-3sg Pref
    `Why / Where did he come along?'
Example #182:

    b.     *Hova           MA          jtt          el?
    where-to       today       came-3sg Pref
    `Where did he come along TODAY?'
Example #183:

    (47)   a.     Rosszul              csinlta        meg       a leckt
    badly                did-3sg         Pref      the homework-acc
    `He did the homework badly'
Example #184:

    (48) a.       Kevs fi                       jtt        el
    few boy-nom                     came-3sg Pref
    `Few boys came along'
Example #185:

    (49)   a.     *Ki          semmit          nem            ltott?
    Who-nom      nothing-acc     not         saw-3sg
    intended: `Who saw nothing?'
Example #186:

    (50)   a.     Senki        akit         vrtam         nem          jtt     el
    nobody-nom who-acc        expected-1sg not            came-3sg Pref
    `Nobody I had expected came along'
Example #187:

    (51)       a.      SENKI sem                       jtt       el
    nobody-nom SEM                 came-3sg Pref
    `NOBODY came along'
Example #188:

    (52)       a.      Senki sem           szavazott vgl             A FIATALABB JELLTRE
    nobody-nom SEM voted-3sg finally                for the younger candidate
    `Finally nobody voted for the original          candidate'
Example #189:

    (53)    a.       MA              nem jtt           el                       senki sem
    today           not    came-3sg    Pref                     nobody-nom SEM
    `It is TODAY that nobody came along'
Example #190:

    (55)   a.      ??Majdnem senkivel sem              beszlt              Zeta
    almost         nobody-with SEM talk-PAST-3SG             Z.-NOM
    `Yesterday Zeta talked to almost nobody'
Example #191:

    b.      ?*Nem talltam               majdnem semmit              a htben
    not        find-PAST-1SG almost        nothing-ACC       the fridge-in
    `I found almost nothing in the fridge'
Example #192:

    (58)   a.       Emke              minden      rmm                       [=p. 342, (72b)]
    E.-NOM            every       joy-POSS-1   SG
    `Emke is all      my joy'
Example #193:

    b.       Zeta              semmifle   katona                       [=p.342, (72c)]
    Z.-NOM            no-sort     soldier
    `Zeta is no so   ldier'
Example #194:

    (59)   *Pter s Jnos          minden magas fi
    P-NOM and J-NOM         every       tall boy
    `*Peter and John are every tall boy'
Example #195:

    (60)   a.       A:      Mi ez?
    What this-NOM
    `What's this?'
Example #196:

    B:      Semmi         / Ez? , ez             semmi klns
    nothing       / This? Oh, this-NOM nothing particular
    `Nothing' / `This? Oh, this is nothing particular'
Example #197:

    (62)    a.      Jnos     laksokat          jt                       fel
    J.-NOM apartment-PL-ACC renovate-3                  SG PREF
    `John renovates apartments'
Example #198:

    (63)    a.      Jnos      valami hres embert                   alakt
    J.-NOM some(thing) famous person-ACC             act-3SG
    `John acts the part of a famous person'
Example #199:

    c.      *Egy sznsz      minden hres embert     alakt
    an actor-NOM every famous person         act-3SG
    `An actor acts the part of every famous person'
Example #200:

    (65)   a.     nem szeretnk               semmi klnsnek        ltszani
    not    like-COND-1SG        nothing particular-DAT seem-INF
    `I wouldn't like to seem anything particular'
Example #201:

    b.     Nem ltom          semmi rtelmt
    not    see-1SG nothing sense-POSS-ACC
    `I don't see any point (in it)'
Example #202:

    d.     majdnem senki             semmiben        nem segtett
    almost nobody-NOM         nothing-in not        help-PAST-3SG
    `Almost nobody helped with anything'
Example #203:

    (70)   a.     Nem fedeztk                    fel        semmi nyomt
    not discover-PAST-3PL PREF nothing trace-POSS-ACC
    `They didn't discover any trace'
Example #204:

    e.     semmi nyomt            senki          nem fedezte                fel
    nothing trace-POSS-ACC nobody-NOM not discover-PAST-3          SG PREF
    `Nobody discovered any trace'
Example #205:

    b.       Egy fillrt sem        klttt                     el
    a penny-ACC SEM        spend-PAST-3       SG       PREF
    `She didn't spend a penny'
Example #206:

    b.      Mit        sem           vltoztat                 a tnyeken
    what-ACC SEM             change-3SG                the facts-on
    `It does not change the facts at all'
Example #207:

    (13)   a.     AZT           krdeztem, hogy        kivel         beszltl
    that-acc      asked-1sg   that       who-with talked-2sg
    `What I asked was who you had talked to'
Example #208:

    b.     Nem AZT,             hogy        mit       csinltl
    not    that-acc      that        what-acc did-2sg
    `Not what you did'
Example #209:

    (14)   AZT          krdeztem, hogy       JNOS           kivel    beszlt
    that-acc     asked-1sg   that      J.-nom          who-with talked-3sg
    `What I asked was who JOHN had talked to'
Example #210:

    (15) Kivel      beszlt          a legszebben             JNOS?
    who-with talked-3sg        the most beautifully     J.-nom
    `Who did JOHN talk the most beautifully?'
Example #211:

    (16)   AZT      krdeztem, hogy JNOS kivel       beszlt a legszebben
    that-acc asked-1sg that J.-nom who-with talked-3sg the most beautifully
    `What I asked was who JOHN had talked to the most beautifully'
Example #212:

    (17)   a.     AZT       krdeztem, hogy         kivel       beszlt       JNOS
    that-acc asked-1sg       that     who-with     talked-3sg   J.-nom
    `What I asked was who JOHN       had talked   to'
Example #213:

    a legszebben         JNOS
    the most beautifully J.-nom
    `What I asked was who JOHN       had talked to the most beautifully'
Example #214:

    (4)     a.       Ki       mit    tantott?
    who      what       taught
    `Who    taught what?'
Example #215:

    (5)     a.       Nem tudom,          ki    mit  tantott
    not    know-1sg     who what taught
    `I don't know who taught what'
Example #216:

    (6)     a.       Ki      mit      szeretnd,           hogy tantson?
    who     what     like-cond-2sg        that teach-subj-3sg
    `Who    would   you like to teach    what?'
Example #217:

    (8)     a.         Mindenki     JNOST          hvta                  fel
    everbody     J.-acc          called                 up
    `Everybody phoned JOHN'
Example #218:

    b.         *Mindenki kit                hvott                  fel?
    everbody     whom            called               up
    `Who did everybody phone' (distributiv         e reading)
Example #219:

    (10)   a.          Wen      hat    jeder                         gesehen?
    whom     has everyone                         seen
    `Who did everyone see?'
Example #220:

    b.          Wen      hat    jeder                          wo        gesehen?
    whom     has everyone                          where     seen
    `Where did everyone see who?                  '
Example #221:

    (12)   a.          Ki      hvott      fel    minden nap ktszer                       kit?
    who     called      up     every day  twice                         who-acc
    `Who phoned whom twice every day?'
Example #222:

    c.      Azt          krdeztem, hogy PLT / KEVS FIT ki szeret(i)
    that-acc asked-1sg         that P.-acc / few boy-acc who love-3sg
    `I asked who PAUL / few boys love(s)'
Example #223:

    kit          hvjon       fel
    who-acc call-subj-3sg up
    `Tell (me/us) / I know who every boy should call'
Example #224:

    (i)       *?Nem tudom,            hogy minden fi        kit          hvjon          fel
    not know-1sg          that    every boy      whom         call-subj-3sg   up
    intended: `I don't know who every boy should phone'
Example #225:

    (ii)      *Megkrdeztem,          hogy minden fi        kit          hvott          fel
    Pref-asked-1sg          that    every boy      whom         called          up
    intended: `I asked who every boy phoned'
Example #226:

    (13)   a.     Ki                     melyik trgyat         tantja?
    who                    which subject-acc teaches
    `Who teaches which subject?'
Example #227:

    b.     Pl a szintaxist tantja, Jnos a fonolgit, Bla a fonolgit s
    a morfolgit
    morphology'
Example #228:

    (17)   a.     Nem jhet                be    [aki PTERT          ismeri]
    not     come-pot-3sg     in     who P.-acc          knows
    `Those who know PTER cannot come in'
Example #229:

    b.     ?(Csak) [aki PTERT            ismeri] jhet                be
    only       who P.-acc        knows      come-pot-3sg      in
    `It's (only) those who know Peter that can come in'
Example #230:

    (18)   a.     *Nem       jhet             be         [aki kit              ismer]?
    not        come-pot-3sg      in          who who-acc          knows
    intended: `Who is it such that those who know him cannot     come in?'
Example #231:

    b.     ?(Csak) [aki kit                 ismer]    jhet              be?
    only       who who-acc           knows     come-pot-3sg       in
    `Who is such that only those can come in who know him?'
Example #232:

    (19)   a.     Mindenki      JNOST          hvta        fel
    everbody      J.-acc          called       up
    `Everybody phoned JOHN'
Example #233:

    c.     Ki     mit        tantott?
    who what          taught
    `Who taught what?'
Example #234:

    (20)   A fikat      mindenkinek      JNOS          mutatta         be
    the boys-acc everbody-dat      J.-nom         introduced      Pref
    `It's John who introduced the boys to every girl'
Example #235:

    b.     Melyik okbl          ki          hvta          fel      Jnost?
    for which reason      who         called         up       J.-acc
    `Who phoned John    for which   reason?'
Example #236:

    c.      *Ki a fene            kit     hvott                  fel?
    who on earth          whom    called                  up
    intended: `Who on earth phoned whom?'9
Example #237:

    (22)    a.      Ki     kit        hvott         fel?
    who whom          called         up
    `Who phoned whom?'
Example #238:

    (i)     *Mindenki      hvta      fel                  Marit
    everbody       called     up                   M.-acc
    intended: `EVERYBODY phoned Mary'
Example #239:

    (25)    a.       Ki       kivel          hnyszor            tncolt?
    who who-with            how-many-times      danced
    `Who danced with who how many times?'
Example #240:

    (i)     Ki     kivel          tncolt?
    who    who-with       danced
    `Who danced with who?'
Example #241:

    (ii)    Melyik fi    kivel       tncolt?
    which boy     who-with danced
    `Which boy danced with who?'
Example #242:

    (26)    a.       KT LNYT hvott                      fel      minden fi
    two girls-acc   called                up       every boy
    `Every boy phoned two girls'       (every > two)
Example #243:

    b.       *Kit            hvott                fel      ki?
    whom            called                up       who
    intended: `Who phoned who?         ' (who > whom)
Example #244:

    (27)    a.       Minden lnyt PTER             szeretn,     hogy       felhvjunk
    every girl-acc P.              like-cond-3r that        up-call-subj-1pl
    `For every girl, it's Peter that would like us to phone'
Example #245:

    b.       *Melyik lnyt PTER krdezte,             hogy mikor hvjunk          fel?
    which girl-acc P.          like-cond-3rd that when call-subj-1pl up
    we should phone her'
Example #246:

    (28)    a.       Minden fi       szerintem        minden lnyt                  felhvott
    every boy        in my opinion every girl-acc                   up-called
    `In my opinion, every boy phoned every girl'
Example #247:

    b.     *Ki szerinted               kit         mikor   hvott fel
    who in your opinion         whom        when    called up
    intended: `In your opinion, who phoned whom when?'
Example #248:

    (29)   a.     Mindenki     mindenkit       felhvott
    everybody everbody-acc       up-called
    `Everybody phoned everybody'
Example #249:

    b.     *Ki          mindenkit           mikor           hvott     fel
    who          everybody-acc       when            called     up
    intended: `Who phoned everybody when?'
Example #250:

    (30)   *Ki felhvta        Jnost
    who up-called       J.-acc
    intended: `Everyone phoned John' (also unavailable: `Who phoned John?')
Example #251:

    (31)   *Ki JNOST           hvta     fel
    who J.-acc           called    up
    (also unavailable reading: `Who phoned JOHN?')
Example #252:

    (32)   Ki     hvott   fel      kit       mikor?
    who called      up       whom      when
    *`Who called who when?' (with an exhaustive interpretation of `who')
Example #253:

    (33)    a.       Ki                     melyik trgyat         tantja?
    who                    which subject-acc teaches
    `Who teaches which subject?'
Example #254:

    b.       Pl a szintaxist tantja, Jnos a fonolgit, Bla a fonolgit s
    a morfolgit
    morphology'
Example #255:

    (34)    a.      Ki        hvott   fel                     kit?
    who       called   up                      whom
    `Who phoned whom?'
Example #256:

    b.      Pter     hvta    fel                     Marit
    P.        called   up                      M.-acc
    `P. phoned M.'
Example #257:

    (37)       JNOS         evett         CSAK A LEVESBL
    J.            ate           only from the soup
    `It's John who ate only from the soup'
Example #258:

    Ptert s vt        A TBBIEK       hvtk    meg
    P.-acc and .-acc     the others      invited Pref
    P. and . were intived BY THE OTHERS'
Example #259:

    (39)       Mikor nekelte el       MARI   a npdalt             a legszebben?
    when sang        Pref M.       the folk song-acc     the most beautifully
    `When did MARY sing the folk song the most beautifully?'21
Example #260:

    (i)     Melyik miniszternek     mutatta        be       a pro fnke             melyik fit?
    which minister-dat      introduced Pref         the (his) boss-poss-3sg which boy-acc
    `To which minister did hisi/j future boss introduce which boyi?'
Example #261:

    (ii)    Melyik miniszternek     mutatott       be       a pro fnke                 kt fit
    which minister-dat      introduced Pref         the (his) boss              two boys-acc
    `To which minister did his*i/j future boss introduce two boysi?'
Example #262:

    hogy ismernnek
    that know-subj-3pl
    `What politicians voice what principles without knowing them?'
Example #263:

    b.       (?)Ki            vitt    tncba      kit     anlkl,    hogy      ismerne
    who              took    dance-to    whom without        that      know-subj-3sg
    `Who took whom to dance without knowing her?'
Example #264:

    (i)     Milyen elveket       hangoztatnak milyen politikusok anlkl hogy ismernnek?
    what principles-acc voice-3pl       what politicians      without that know-subj-3pl
    `What principles are voiced by what politicians without knowing them?'
Example #265:

    (ii)    a.       Ki      visz     csak LNYOKAT          haza    anlkl,    hogy    ismerne
    who     takes only girls-acc            home without        that    know-subj-3sg
    `Who takes only girls home without knowing them?'
Example #266:

    b.       Jnos        csak LNYOKAT visz         haza    anlkl,    hogy     ismerne
    J.           only girls-acc      takes home without         that     know-subj-3sg
    `John takes only girls home without knowing them'
Example #267:

    (i)     a. Ki                 mutatott      be          mit mondva           kit?
    Who-nom            introduced Prefix         what-acc saying      whom
    `Who introduced whom, saying what?
Example #268:

    Bla          mutatta       be . . .
    B.-nom        introduced Pref . . .
    B. introduced...'
Example #269:

    (i)        *JNOS            CSAK MARIT          hvta      fel
    J.                only Mary           called     up
    intended: `It's John that phoned only Mary'
Example #270:

    (41)    a.      Ki      lltja, hogy      felhvott  kit?
    who claims that            up-called  whom
    `Who claims that he phoned whom?'
Example #271:

    b.      *CSAK N            lltom, hogy     felhvta CSAK MARIT
    only I-nom          claim      that   up-called only M.-acc
    `It's only me who claims that he phoned only M.'
Example #272:

    (44)   Melyik fi melyik bartjt               mutatta    be melyik lnynak?
    which boy which friend-poss-3sg-acc introduced Pref which girl-to
    `Which boy introduced which of his friends to which girl?'
Example #273:

    (47)   a.         Melyik fi       lett      ideges miutn felhvta melyik lnyt?
    which boy        became angry after         up-called which girl-acc
    `Which boy     got angry after he phoned which girl?'
Example #274:

    b.         Melyik fi       nem hvta         fel         melyik lnyt?
    which boy        not    called     up          which girl-acc
    `Which girl    didn't call which boy?'
Example #275:

    (49)    Kit   akarsz,      hogy        mit      vegyen?
    whom want-2sg      that        what-acc buy-subj-3sg
    `Who do you want to buy what?'
Example #276:

    (50)    Ki    gondolta,     hogy     Jnos   felhvott                   kit?
    who thought         that     J.      up-called                   whom
    `Who thought that John phoned whom?'
Example #277:

    (52)   *JNOS gondolta, hogy           felhvtam       CSAK MARIT
    J.         thought that         up-called-1sg   only M.-acc
    `It's John who thought that I phoned only Mary'
Example #278:

    (53)   a.     Melyik fi krdezte, hogy hol     tallkozhat melyik lnnyal?
    which boy asked      that where meet-pot-3sg which girl-with
    `Which boy asked where he could meet which girl?'
Example #279:

    PTER krdezte, hogy hol          tallkozhat KATIVAL, . . .
    P.          asked    that where meet-pot-3sg K.-with
    it's Peter who asked where he could meet CATHY, etc.'
Example #280:

    s      nem PTER (hvta               meg egy srre)         SANYIT
    and not        P.-nom invited-3sg Pref a beer-to              S.-acc
    and it's not the case that PETER treated ALEX to a beer'
Example #281:

    (3)    a.     JNOS evett            meg              CSAK KT STEMNYT
    J.-nom ate-3sg         Pref             only two cookies-acc
    `It was John who ate   only two cookies'
Example #282:

    (5)    a.     Minden knyvet KT fi        olvasott    el
    every book-acc two boy-nom    read-3sg    Pref
    `TWO boys read every book'
Example #283:

    b.     KT fi          olvasott  el    minden knyvet
    two boy-nom      read-3sg  Pref every book-acc
    `TWO boys read every book'
Example #284:

    (7)    a.     (Senki)      nem jtt         el   (senki)
    nobody-nom not      came-3sg Pref nobody-nom
    `Nobody came along'
Example #285:

    b.     (Senki)      sehova sem       jtt    el   (senki)
    nobody-nom nowere-to SEM came-3sg Pref (nobody-nom)
    `Nobody came along to any place'
Example #286:

    (8)    a.     Nem talltam           semmit
    not    found-1sg       nothing-acc
    `I didn't find anything'
Example #287:

    b.     SEMMIT             nem talltam
    nothing-acc        not    found-1sg
    `I didn't find anything'