ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Han, Chung-hye (1998). The Structure and Interpretation of Imperatives: Mood and Force in Universal Grammar.

URL: http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~ircs/download/techreports/1998/98-29.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-11).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1078&langcode=deu (2019-04-20).

 

Example #1:

    12 a. Schreib        nicht!
    write-2sg.Imp Neg
    `Don't write!'
Example #2:

    b. Schreibt       nicht!
    write-2pl.Imp Neg
    `Don't write!'
Example #3:

    a.     Schreib      du den Aufsatz!
    write2sg.Imp you the paper
    `You write the paper!'
Example #4:

    b. *Du schreib        den Aufsatz!
    you write-2sg.Imp the paper
    `You write the paper!'
Example #5:

    a.     Schreibst du den Aufsatz?
    write you the paper
    `Are you writing the paper?'
Example #6:

    b. *Du schreibst den Aufsatz?
    you write the paper
    `Are you writing the paper?'
Example #7:

    a.     ..., da ihm Karl ein Buch geschenkt hat.
    ..., that to-him Karl a book given       has
    `... that Karl has given a book to him.' den Besten 1989, Ch.1, 71a
Example #8:

    b.     ..., da Karl ihm ein Buch geschenkt hat.
    ..., that Karl to-him a book given        has
    `..., that Karl has given a book to him.' den Besten 1989, Ch.1, 71b
Example #9:

    a.     Werden sich         diese Leute verteidigen?
    will     themselves these people defend
    `Will these people defend themselves?'
Example #10:

    b.     Werden diese Leute sich          verteidigen?
    will     these people themselves defend
    `Will these people defend themselves?'
Example #11:

    a.     Schreib         es du!
    write-2sg.Imp it you
    `You write it!'
Example #12:

    b.     Schreib         du es!
    write-2sg.Imp you it
    `You write it!'
Example #13:

    a. * Hans schlagt vor, da du den Aufsatz schreibe.
    Hans suggests      that you the paper write-2sg.Imp
    `Hans suggests that you write the paper.'
Example #14:

    b.    Hans schlagt vor, da du den Aufsatz schreibst.
    Hans suggests      that you the paper write-2sg.Pres.Ind
    `Hans suggests that you write the paper.'
Example #15:

    a.    Trank Hans den Tee oder den Ka ee nicht?
    drank Hans the tea or the co ee Neg
    `Did John not drink the co ee or the tea?' yes-no, alternativeQ
Example #16:

    b.    Trank nicht Hans den Tee oder den Ka ee?
    drank Neg Hans the tea or the co ee
    `Didn't John drink the co ee or the tea?' yes-no Q
Example #17:

    Jeder           mal herhoren!
    everybody-Nom once listen
    `Everybody listen up!'
Example #18:

    a.    Sei         nicht zu aufdringlich !
    be-2sg.Imp Neg too pushy
    `Don't be too pushy!'
Example #19:

    b. * Hans emp ehlt, da Du nicht zu aufdringlich sei.
    Hans suggests that you not too pushy       be-2sg.Imp
    `Hans suggest that you not be too pushy.'
Example #20:

    a.     Schreib       den Aufsatz!
    write-2sg.Imp the paper
    `Write the paper!'
Example #21:

    b.     Schreib       du den Aufsatz!
    write-2sg.Imp you the paper
    `You write the paper!'
Example #22:

    a.     Ich mochte PRO den Aufsatz schreiben.
    I want PRO the paper write-Inf
    `I want to write the paper.'
Example #23:

    b. *Ich mochte ich den Aufsatz schreiben.
    I want I the paper write-Inf
    `I want to write the paper.'
Example #24:

    a.    Ruf      sie an, und sie freut          sich bestimmt.
    call-Imp her Part and she makes-happy Re certainly
    `Call her, and she's sure to be happy.'
Example #25:

    b.    Komm du blo einen Schritt naher, und ich schiee.
    come-Imp you only one step closer and I shoot
    `Come one step closer, and I'll shoot.'
Example #26:

    raus.
    out
    `Come just ve minutes late, and you'll be kicked out of the class.'
Example #27:

    d. ?? Erwisch die Grippe, und du fuhlst dich tagelang elend.
    catch-Imp the u      and you feel Re days-long miserable
    `Catch the u and you'll feel miserable for days.'
Example #28:

    e. * Sei    2 m gro, und du kannst in der Nationalliga spielen.
    be-Imp 2 m big and you can in the national-league play
    `Be 2 m tall, and you can play in the national league.'
Example #29:

    f. *Ruhr einen Finger, um ihr zu helfen, und du wirst es bereuen.
    lift-Imp a     nger, Prep her to help and you will be sorry
    `Lift a nger to help her, and you will be sorry.'
Example #30:

    a.    Ruf      sie an.
    call-Imp her Part
    `Call her.'
Example #31:

    b.    Komm du blo einen Schritt naher.
    come-Imp you only one step closer
    `Come just one step closer.'
Example #32:

    c.    Verspate dich nur mal funf Minuten.
    delay-Imp Re only once ve minutes
    `Come just ve minutes late.'
Example #33:

    d. ?? Erwisch die Grippe.
    catch-Imp the u
    `Catch the u.'
Example #34:

    e. * Sei    2 m gro.
    be-Imp 2 m big
    `Be 2m tall.'
Example #35:

    f. *Ruhr einen Finger, um ihr zu helfen.
    lift-Imp a     nger, Prep her to help
    `Lift a nger to help her.'