The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Han, Chung-hye (1998). The Structure and Interpretation of Imperatives: Mood and Force in Universal Grammar.

URL: http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~ircs/download/techreports/1998/98-29.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-11).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1078&langcode=fra (2020-08-11).


Example #1:

    b.     Elmer lave souvent son chat.
    Elmer washes often his cat
    `Elmer often washes his cat.'
Example #2:

    11 a. Ne chante       pas!
    NE sing-2sg.Imp Neg
    `Don't sing!'
Example #3:

    b. Ne chantez      pas!
    NE sing-2pl.Imp Neg
    `Don't sing!'
Example #4:

    a. Finissez-le!
    `Finish it!
Example #5:

    b. Ne le nissez          pas!
    NE it nish-2pl.Imp Neg
    `Don't nish it!'
Example #6:

    b.    Ne  cetete!
    Neg read-2pl.Imp
    `Don't read!'
Example #7:

    a.  Faites     le!
    do-2sg.Imp it
    `Do it!'
Example #8:

    b. *Le faites!
    it do-2sg.Imp
    `Do it!'
Example #9:

    a.    Il ne cesse de parler.
    He NE stop to speak
    `He does not stop speaking.'
Example #10:

    b.    Il ne cesse pas de parler.
    He NE stop Neg to speak
    `He does not stop speaking.'
Example #11:

    a. *Ne cessez        de parler.
    NE stop-2pl.Imp to speak
    `Don't stop speaking.'
Example #12:

    b.    Ne cessez        pas de parler.
    NE stop-2pl.Imp Neg to speak
    `Don't stop speaking.'
Example #13:

    a.    Ne le faites     pas!
    NE it do-2sg.Imp Neg
    `Don't do it!'
Example #14:

    b. *Ne faites      le pas!
    NE do-2sg.Imp it Neg
    `Don't do it!'
Example #15:

    a.    Faites      le pas!
    do-2sg.Imp it Neg
    `Don't do it.'
Example #16:

    b. *Le faites      pas!
    it do-2sg.Imp Neg
    `Don't do it.'
Example #17:

    a.      Finis!
Example #18:

    b.     Vous,        choisissez     un numero!
    you-2pl.Disj choose-2pl.Imp a number
    You, choose a number!'
Example #19:

    b.     Tu y vas souvent, toi?
    you go there often, you-Disj
    `Do you go there often?'
Example #20:

    a.     Jean veut PRO *il gagner.
    Jean wants PRO *he win-Inf
    `Jean wants to win.'