ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Han, Chung-hye (1998). The Structure and Interpretation of Imperatives: Mood and Force in Universal Grammar.

URL: http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~ircs/download/techreports/1998/98-29.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-11).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1078&langcode=ita (2019-03-25).

 

Example #1:

    8 a. * Non telefona      le!
    Neg call-2sg.Imp her
    `Don't call her!'
Example #2:

    b.      Non telefonare le!
    Neg call-Inf
    `Don't call her!'
Example #3:

    9          Non telefonate le!
    Neg call-2pl.Imp her
    `Don't call her!'
Example #4:

    a.    Gianni oggi non si sente bene.
    Gianni today Neg self feels well
    `Gianni isn't feeling well today.'
Example #5:

    b.    Gianni non ha forse voluto restare.
    Gianni Neg has perhaps wanted to-stay
    `Gianni didn't perhaps want to stay.'
Example #6:

    a.    Fallo         di sicuro!
    do-2sg.Imp-it of sure
    `De nitely do it!'
Example #7:

    b. *Di sicuro fallo!
    of sure do-it
    `De nitely do it!'
Example #8:

    c.    Fatelo        di sicuro!
    do-2pl.Imp-it of sure
    `De nitely do it!'
Example #9:

    d. ?* Di sicuro fatelo!
    of sure do-2pl.Imp-it
    `De nitely do it!'
Example #10:

    a.    Telefona le!
    call      her
    `Call her!'
Example #11:

    b. *Le telefona!
    her call
    `Call her!'
Example #12:

    a.    Ti vedo.
    you see-1sg.Pres
    `I see you.'
Example #13:

    b.    Lo vede          Gianni.
    him see-3sg.Pres Gianni
    `Gianni sees him.'
Example #14:

    a.  Telefona le!
    call      her
    `Call her!'
Example #15:

    b. *Le telefona!
    her call
    `Call her!'
Example #16:

    a.    Dagli            ben una risposta!
    give-2sg.Imp-him indeed an answer
    `Do give him an answer!' Zanuttini 1997, Ch.4, 80a
Example #17:

    a.    Fallo         pure!
    do-2sg.Imp-it indeed
    `Go ahead and do it!' Zanuttini 1997, Ch.4, 81a
Example #18:

    a.    Gianni ha ben pur risposto a Maria.
    Gianni has indeed answered to Maria
    `Gianni indeed answered Maria.'
Example #19:

    b.    Gianni lavora ben pur tutto il giorno.
    Gianni works indeed all the day
    `Gianni does indeed work all day long.'
Example #20:

    a. ?Avesse Gianni pur ben capito           il problema,     ...
    had Gianni pur ben understood          the problem,     ...
    `Even if Gianni had understood the      problem, ...'
Example #21:

    b. Avesse pur ben Gianni capito            il problema,     ...
    had indeed Gianni understood           the problem,     ...
    `Even if Gianni had understood the      problem, ...'
Example #22:

    a. *Ti ordino che fallo           subito.
    you order that do-2sg.Imp-it immediately
    `I order you to do it immediately.'
Example #23:

    a.    Fate       lo!
    do-2pl.Imp it
    `Do it!'
Example #24:

    b.    Lo fate.
    it do-2pl.Ind
    `You are doing it.'
Example #25:

    a.    Non fate       lo!
    Neg do-2pl.Imp it
    `Don't do it!'
Example #26:

    b.    Non lo fate.
    Neg it do-2pl.Ind
    `You are not doing it.'
Example #27:

    a.    Non fate       lo!
    Neg do-2pl.Imp it
    `Don't do it!'
Example #28:

    b.    Non lo fate!
    Neg it do-2pl.Imp
    `Don't do it!'
Example #29:

    a.    Non far lo!
    Neg do-Inf it
    `Don't do it!' Kayne 1992, 4
Example #30:

    b.    Non lo fare!
    Neg it do-Inf
    `Don't do it!' Kayne 1992, 5
Example #31:

    Non devo parlare con te.
    Neg must speak-Inf to you
    `I don't have to speak to you.' :2
Example #32:

    a.      Fallo!
    do-2sg.Imp-it
    `Do it!'
Example #33:

    b. *Ti ordino che fallo.
    you order that do-2sg.Imp-it
    `I order you to do it.'
Example #34:

    Gianni non telefona a sua madre.
    Gianni Neg telephones to his mother
    `Gianni does not call his mother.'
Example #35:

    a.       Gianni non telefona a nessuno.
    Gianni Neg telephones to nobody
    `Gianni does not call anyone.'
Example #36:

    b.       Nessuno ha detto niente.
    nobody has said nothing
    `Nobody said anything.'
Example #37:

    Nessuno ha visto Maria.
    nobody has seen Maria
    `Nobody has seen Maria.'
Example #38:

    a.       Chi non ha baciato nessuno?
    who Neg has kissed nobody
    `Who has not kissed anybody?'
Example #39:

    a.       A: Hai      baciato Maria!
    have-2sg kissed Maria!
    `You have kissed Mary.'
Example #40:

    b.       B: Ma chi ha baciato nessuno?
    but who has kissed nobody
    `But who has kissed anyone?'
Example #41:

    Chi non sposerebbe Maria?
    who non marry      Maria
    `Who would not marry Mary?'