The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Dieter Wunderlich (2003). Argumentrealisierung unter den Bedingungen von Topik und Fokus.

URL: http://web.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/~wdl/TopikFokus.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 109&langcode=crk (2018-01-21).


Example #1:

    a. ca:n o-te:m-a        ki:ma:kwam-ik                           (SOV)
    topik focus
    `It is his dog who bit John.'
Example #2:

    b. ca:n o-te:m-a        ki:ma:kwam-e:w                          (OSV)
    topik focus
    `John bit HIS DOG.'
Example #3:

    a. ni-kiske:yim-a:-w          George e:=sa:kih-a:-t         o-kosis-a
    1-know-DIR-3               George CONJ=love-DIR-3OBV 3-son-OBV
    `I know that George loves his sons'
Example #4:

    a. ni-kiske:yim-im-a:-wa George e:=sa:kih-iko-t             o-kosis-a
    1-know-im-DIR-3OBV         George CONJ=love-INV-3OBV 3-son-OBV
    `I know that his sons love George'
Example #5:

    nisto        nipah-e:w-ak mo:sw-a        na:pe:w-ak
    [three]FOC kill-DIR-3pl      moose-OBV man-pl
    *`three men killed (a) moose'
Example #6:

    b. pe:-na:t-ima:wa         o:hih    ka:=ki:nipah-a:-t
    hither-fetch-pass.OBV this.OBV PERF=kill-DIR-3OBV(conj)
    `The ones (obv) whom he (prox) had killed were fetched.'
Example #7:

    a. ca:n         wa:pam-e:w       o-ste:s-a            w-i:k-ihk
    [John]TOP see-DIR             [3-brother]-OBV 3-house-at
    `Johnprox saw hisprox older brotherobv at hisprox house'
Example #8:

    b. ca:n         wa:pam-e:w       o-ste:s-a            w-i:k-iż-ihk
    [John]TOP see-DIR             [3-brother]-OBV 3-house-OBV.P-at
    `Johnprox saw hisprox older brotherobv at hisobv house'