ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Martha McGinnis (2000). Event heads and the Distribution of Psych-roots.

URL: http://minimalism.linguistics.arizona.edu/AMSA/PDF/AMSA-162-0900.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1098&langcode=jpn (2018-01-23).

 

Example #1:

    (38)a.   Hiroshi-o [karezisin-no hahaoya]-ga[t nagutta].
    H.-ACC        self-GEN mother-NOM         hit. PST
    `Hisi mother hit Hiroshi i .'
Example #2:

    b. * Hiroshi-o karezisin-ga [t nagutta].
    H.-ACC        self-NOM          hit. PST
    `Himself i hit Hiroshi i .'
Example #3:

    (39)a. Osamu-o Kazuko-ga [t [karezisin-no hahaoya-ni] [t miseta]].
    O.-ACC      K.-NOM          self-GEN mother-DAT        showed
    `Kazuko showed Osamu i to his i mother.'
Example #4:

    b. * Osamu-o Kazuko-ga (kagami-o tukatte) [t karezisin-ni [t miseta]].
    O.-ACC      K.-NOM mirror-ACC using           self-DAT     showed
    `Kazuko showed Osamu i to himselfi (using a mirror).'
Example #5:

    b.     Taroo-ga zibunzisin-o odorok-asi-ta.
    T.-NOM self-ACC         surprise-CAUS-PAST
    `Taroo surprised himself.'
Example #6:

    (43)a.    Taroo-ga zisyoku-o          niow-ase-ta.
    T.-NOM resignation-ACC smell-CAUS-PAST
    (lit. `Taro caused resignation to smell.')
Example #7:

    (45)a.    Taroo-ga Hanako-ni kodomo-tati-ougok- as -ase-ta.
    T.-NOM H.-DAT       kids-ACC      move-CAUS-CAUS-PAST
    `Taro made Hanako cause the kids to move.'
Example #8:

    b.   Hanako-ga Taroo-niZiroo-o Mitiko-niaw-ase -sase-ru.
    H.-NOM T.-DAT Z.-ACC M.-DAT meet-CAUS-CAUS-PRES
    `Hanako will cause Taroo to make Jiro meet Michiko.'
Example #9:

    c.   Hanako-ga Taroo-ni piza-o       tabe--sase-ta.
    H.-NOM     T.-DAT pizza-ACC eat-CAUS-CAUS-PAST
    `Hanako made Taro eat pizza.'
Example #10:

    (62)a.   Eiga kantoku-ga        zyoyuu-o odorok-asi-ta.
    movie director-NOM     actress-ACC surprise-CAUS-PAST
    `The movie director   surprised the actress.'
Example #11:

    b.   Eiga kantoku-ga        zyoyuu-o odorok-ase-ta.
    movie director-NOM     actress-ACC surprise-CAUS-PAST
    `The movie director   made the actress be surprised.'
Example #12:

    (63)a.   Zyoyuu-ga sono koto-ni odoroi-ta.
    actress-NOM that fact-DAT surprise-PAST
    `The actress was surprised at that fact.'
Example #13:

    b.   Eiga kantoku-ga     zyoyuu-o sono koto-ni odorok-ase-ta.
    movie director-NOM actress-ACC that fact-DAT surprise-CAUS-PAST
    `The movie director made the actress surprised at that fact.'
Example #14:

    c. * Eiga kantoku-ga     zyoyuu-o sono koto-ni odorok-asi-ta.
    movie director-NOM actress-ACC that fact-DAT surprise-CAUS-PAST
    `The movie director surprised the actress at that fact.'
Example #15:

    (64) a. Eiga kantoku-ga       zyoyuu-o      sono koto-de odorok-ase-ta.
    movie director-NOM    actress-ACC that fact-b/c surprise-CAUS-PAST
    `The movie director   made the actress surprised because of that fact.'
Example #16:

    b. Eiga kantoku-ga       zyoyuu-o      sono koto-de odorok-asi-ta.
    movie director-NOM    actress-ACC that fact-b/c surprise-CAUS-PAST
    `The movie director   surprised the actress because of that fact.'