ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Martha McGinnis (1999). Evidence for Feature-Driven A-Scrambling.

URL: http://minimalism.linguistics.arizona.edu/AMSA/PDF/AMSA-164-0900.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1099&langcode=jpn (2018-10-23).

 

Example #1:

    (1)    a. Taroo-ga [gakusei-o [otagai-no sensei-ni][t syookaisita]].
    T.-NOM student-ACC eo-GEN teacher-DAT introduced
    `Taro introduced the studentsi to each other's i teachers.
Example #2:

    b. Gakusei-o [otagai-no adobaizaa-ga] [t sensei-ni [t syookaisita]].
    student-ACC eo-GEN advisor-NOM           teacher-DAT introduced
    `Each other'si advisors introduced the studentsi to the teacher.'
Example #3:

    (2)    a.*Taroo-ga [gakusei-o [otagai-no sensei-ni futari ][t syookaisita]].
    T.-NOM student-ACC eo-GEN teacher-DAT two               introduced
    `Taro introduced the studentsi to two of each other's i teachers.'
Example #4:

    b.*Gakusei-o    [otagai-no adobaizaa-ga] [sensei-ni futari [t syookaisita]].
    student-ACC eo-GEN advisor-NOM teacher-DAT twointroduced
    `Each other'si advisors introduced the studentsi to two teachers.'
Example #5:

    (4)    a. Secilit djalė [i kujtohet         baba i tij].
    each boy.DAT CL remembersfather his.NOM
    `Each boy(x) remembers his(x) father.'
Example #6:

    (5)    a.*Babės tė tij      [i kujtohet   secili djalė].
    father his.DAT CL rememberseach boy.NOM
    `His(x) father remembers each boy(x).'
Example #7:

    (10) a.*[Otagai-no sensei]-ga [karera-o hihansita].
    eo-GEN teacher-NOM they-ACC criticized
    `Each otheri 's teachers criticized them i .'
Example #8:

    (11) a.*[Otagai-no sensei]-ga Hanako-ga karera-o hihansita-to itta.
    eo-GEN teacher-NOM H.-NOM            they-ACC criticized that said
    `Each otheri 's teachers said that Hanako criticized them i .'
Example #9:

    (12) a. Te-o         John-ga [hoteru-gyoo-ni [t nobasita]].
    hand-ACC J.-NOM hotel-biz-DAT                extended
    (lit. `John extended his hand to the hotel business.')
Example #10:

    (13) a. John-ga [Mary-ni [piza-o                      ageta]].
    J.-NOM M.-DAT pizza-ACC                       gave
    `John gave pizza to Mary.'
Example #11:

    b. John-ga [piza-o     Mary-ni [t                ni-kire ageta]].
    J.-NOM pizza-ACC M.-DAT                       2-CLS gave
    `John gave two slices of pizza               to Mary.'
Example #12:

    (14) a.*[Karezisin-no hahaoya]-ga [Hiroshi-o nagutta].
    self-GEN mother-NOM          H.-ACC      hit.PST
    `Hisi mother hit Hiroshii .'
Example #13:

    (15) a.*Kazuko-ga[[karezisin-no hahaoya-ni][Osamu-o miseta]].
    K.-NOM self-GEN mother-DAT          O.-ACC    showed
    `Kazuko showed his i mother Osamui .'
Example #14:

    (16) a. Taroo-ga hi-ni    [abura-o sosoida].
    T.-NOM fire-DAT oil-ACC poured
    `Taroo made things worse.'
Example #15:

    (17) a. Mary-ga [tomodati-ni futa-ri [CD-o okutta]].
    M.-NOM friend-DAT 2-CLS CD- ACC sent
    `Mary sent two friends a CD.'
Example #16:

    (19) a. Kazuko-ga Osamu-o [karezisin-no hahaoya]-ni [t miseta].
    K.-NOM     O.-ACC  himself-GEN mother-DAT      showed
    `Kazuko showed Osamu i to his i mother.'
Example #17:

    b.*Kazuko-ga Osamu-o karezisin-ni [t miseta].
    K.-NOM     O.-ACC  himself-DAT showed
    `Kazuko showed Osamu i to himself i .'
Example #18:

    (21) a. Hiroshi-o [karezisin-no hahaoya]-ga [t nagutta].
    H.-ACC      self-GEN mother-NOM        hit.PST
    `Hisi mother hit Hiroshii .'
Example #19:

    b.*Hiroshi-o karezisin-ga [t nagutta].
    H.-ACC      self-NOM         hit.PST
    `Himselfi hit Hiroshii .'
Example #20:

    (23) a. Taroo-ga [hi-ni    [abura-o sosoida]].
    T.-NOM fire-DAT oil-ACC poured
    `Taroo made things worse.'
Example #21:

    (27) a.*Taroo-ga [abura-o [hi-ni [t sosoida]].
    T.-NOM oil-ACC fire-DAT poured
    `Taroo made things worse.'
Example #22:

    (29) a. John-ga [te-o                 hoteru-gyoo-ni [t nobasita]].
    J.-NOM hand-ACC hotel-biz-DAT          extended
    `John became involved in the hotel business.'
Example #23:

    (31) a.*Taroo-ga [gakusei-o [otagai-no sensei-ni futari ][t syookaisita]].
    T.-NOM student-ACC eo-GEN teacher-DAT two               introduced
    `Taro introduced the studentsi to two of each other's i teachers.'
Example #24:

    b.*Gakusei-o    [otagai-no adobaizaa-ga] [sensei-ni futari [t syookaisita]].
    student-ACC eo-GEN advisor-NOM teacher-DAT twointroduced
    `Each other'si advisors introduced the studentsi to two teachers.'
Example #25:

    (32) a. Taroo-ga [gakusei-o [otagai-no sensei-ni][t syookaisita]].
    T.-NOM student-ACC eo-GEN teacher-DAT introduced
    `Taro introduced the studentsi to each other's i teachers.
Example #26:

    b. Gakusei-o [otagai-no adobaizaa-ga] [t sensei-ni [t syookaisita]].
    student-ACC eo-GEN advisor-NOM           teacher-DAT introduced
    `Each other'si advisors introduced the studentsi to the teacher.'
Example #27:

    (33) a.*Kazuko-ga(kagami-o tukatte) [Osamu-o karezisin-ni [t miseta]].
    K.-NOM mirror-ACC using O.-ACC           self-DAT      showed
    `Kazuko showed Osamu i to himself i (using a mirror).'
Example #28:

    (34) a. Kazuko-ga[Osamu-o [karezisin-no hahaoya-ni][t miseta]].
    K.-NOM O.-ACC      self-GEN mother-DAT           showed
    `Kazuko showed Osamu i to his i mother.'
Example #29:

    (35)      *Osamu-o Kazuko-ga (kagami-o tukatte) [t karezisin-ni [t miseta]].
    O.-ACC K.-NOM      mirror-ACC using self-DAT           showed
    `Kazuko showed Osamu i to himself i (using a mirror).'