ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Nakamura, Wataru (1997). A Constraint-Based Typology of Case Systems - Chapter 1.

URL: http://wings.buffalo.edu/linguistics/people/students/dissertations/nakamura/nakamurach.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-31).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1183&langcode=dbl (2018-10-21).

 

Example #1:

    (19) a.       balan          ugumbil- ba gul         ya a- gu   bu a-n.
    NM:NOM        woman-NOM NM:ERG          man-ERG    see-TNS
    'The man sees the woman'. (Actor=ERG, Undergoer=NOM)
Example #2:

    b.        aa            bayi                ya a-                      bu a-n.
    ISG:NOM         NM:NOM              man-NOM                     see-TNS
    'I see the man'. (Actor, Undergoer=NOM)
Example #3:

    c.       inda           ayguna           bu a-n.
    2SG:NOM        1SG:ACC           see-TNS
    'You see me'. (Actor=NOM, Undergoer=ACC)
Example #4:

    d.       ayguna       ba gul        ya a- gu    bu a-n.
    ISG:ACC       NM:ERG        man-ERG     see-TNS.
    'The man sees me'. (Actor=ERG, Undergoer=ACC)
Example #5:

    (20) a.         a a/ inda                bani- u.
    1SG:NOM/2SG:NOM            come-TNS
    'I am coming/You are coming'.
Example #6:

    b.      balan         ugumbil-                 bani- u.
    NM:NOM       woman-NOM                  come-TNS
    'The woman is coming'.
Example #7:

    (19) a.        balan          ugumbil- ba gul         ya a- gu   bu a-n.
    NM:NOM        woman-NOM NM:ERG          man-ERG    see-TNS
    'The man sees the woman'. (Actor=ERG, Undergoer=NOM)
Example #8:

    b.        aa            bayi                ya a-                    bu a-n.
    ISG:NOM         NM:NOM              man-NOM                   see-TNS
    'I see the man'. (Actor, Undergoer=NOM)
Example #9:

    c.       inda           ayguna           bu a-n.
    2SG:NOM        1SG:ACC           see-TNS
    'You see me'. (Actor=NOM, Undergoer=ACC)
Example #10:

    d.       ayguna       ba gul        ya a- gu    bu a-n.
    ISG:ACC       NM:ERG        man-ERG     see-TNS.
    'The man sees me'. (Actor=ERG, Undergoer=ACC)
Example #11:

    (20) a.          a a/ inda                            bani- u.
    1SG:NOM/2SG:NOM                        come-TNS
    'I am coming/You are coming'.
Example #12:

    b.      balan         ugumbil-                bani- u.
    NM:NOM       woman-NOM                 come-TNS
    'The woman is coming'.