The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Nakamura, Wataru (1997). A Constraint-Based Typology of Case Systems - Chapter 1.

URL: http://wings.buffalo.edu/linguistics/people/students/dissertations/nakamura/nakamurach.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-31).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1183&langcode=deu (2020-08-11).


Example #1:

    b.      Wem          gehört        das                  Buch?
    whom:DAT belong:3SG the:NOM                     book:NOM
    'Whom does the book belong to?'
Example #2:

    (16) a.       Peter          hat    ein                 Fahrrad     gekauft.
    Peter          has    a:ACC               bicycle:ACC buy:PSTP
    'Peter bought a bicycle'.
Example #3:

    b.      Frantz          wohnte         damals           in      Berlin.
    Frantz          live:PAST      then             in      Berlin
    'Frantz lived in Berlin then'.
Example #4:

    c.      Der            Gast             kommt           heute             an.
    the:NOM        guest:NOM        arrives         today
    'The guest arrives today'.
Example #5:

    d.      Peter hat        den        Kindern   eine  Geschichte                  erzählt.
    Peter has        the:DAT children:DAT a:ACC story:ACC                   tell:PSTP
    'Peter told a story to the children'.
Example #6:

    e.      Sabine        hat    ihn                  davonlaufen             sehen.
    Sabine        has    him:ACC              run.away                see:PSTP
    'Sabine saw him run away'.
Example #7:

    (47) a.       Peter erzählt             den          Kindern        eine   Geschichte.
    Peter tells               the:DAT children:DAT        an:ACC story:ACC
    'Peter tells a story to the children'.
Example #8:

    b.      Peter nimmt            den         Kindern            das     Buch.
    Peter takes            the:DAT children:DAT           the:ACC book:ACC
    'Peter takes the book from the children'.
Example #9:

    (52) a.       Peter         wurde          von    Sabine          gelobt.
    Peter         be:PAST        ABL Sabine             admire:PSTP
    'Peter was admired by Sabine'. (German)
Example #10:

    d.      Peter    arbeitet     nicht den                 ganzen       Tag
    Peter    works        NEG the:ACC               entire:ACC   day:ACC
    'Peter does not work all day long'.