The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Nakamura, Wataru (1997). A Constraint-Based Typology of Case Systems - Chapter 1.

URL: http://wings.buffalo.edu/linguistics/people/students/dissertations/nakamura/nakamurach.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-31).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1183&langcode=fin (2018-12-15).


Example #1:

    Matti-Ø               luk-i                     kirjo-j-a               tunni-n.
    Matti-NOM;SG          read-3SG:PAST             book-PL-PRTV            hour-ACC
    'Matti read books an hour'. (Activity)
Example #2:

    Matti-Ø                luk-i                  kirja-t                   tunni-ssa.
    Matti-NOM;SG           read-3SG:PAST          book-ACC:PL               hour-INES
    'Matti read the books in an hour'. (Active Accomplishment)
Example #3:

    e.      Luotin         Kekkoseen       yhden vuoden            kolmannen kerran.
    trust:1SG      Kekkonen:ILL one year:ACC               third time:ACC
    'I trusted Kekkonen for a year for the third time'. (Maling 1993)
Example #4:

    c.      Hän           haluaa           maalata        auto.
    he/she:NOM want:3SG            paint:INF      car:NOM
    'He/She wants to paint the car'. (Finnish: Mitchell 1991)
Example #5:

    (4)   a.      Minä            viivyin        matkalla        viikon.
    1SG:NOM         stay:1SG       trip:ADE        week:ACC
    'I stayed on the trip a week'.
Example #6:

    b.      Lapsen         oli             jano            yhden          illan.
    child:GEN      be:PAST         thirst:NOM      one:ACC        evening:ACC
    'The child was thirsty for one evening'.
Example #7:

    c.      Liisa         muisti                   matkan           vuoden.
    Liisa:NOM     remember:PAST            trip:ACC         year:ACC
    'Liisa remembered the trip for a year'.
Example #8:

    d.      Minä            luen            kirjan         kolmannen      kerran.
    1SG:NOM         read:PAST       book:ACC       third          time:ACC
    'I read the book for a third time'.
Example #9:

    kolmannen kerran.
    third time:ACC
    'I trusted Kekkonen for a year for the third time'.
Example #10:

    kolmannen      kerran.
    third          time:ACC
    'Kekkonen was trusted for a year for the third time'.