The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Nakamura, Wataru (1997). A Constraint-Based Typology of Case Systems - Chapter 1.

URL: http://wings.buffalo.edu/linguistics/people/students/dissertations/nakamura/nakamurach.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-31).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1183&langcode=fra (2020-08-11).


Example #1:

    Je       ferai          manger         les pommes      à       Jean.
    1SG make:FUT            eat            the apples      DAT     Jean
    'I will make Jean eat the apples'.
Example #2:

    Il              a                       mang-é          du   pain.
    3sg:NOM         have:3SG:PRES           eat-PSTP        PRTV bread
    'He ate bread'. (Activity)
Example #3:

    Il              a                    mang-é             le         pain.
    3sg:NOM         have:3SG:PRES        eat-PSTP           the:MAS:SG bread
    'He ate the bread'. (Active Accomplishment)
Example #4:

    est      arrivé], et    il      en       a       informé            Solange       aussi.
    is       arrived and    he      it       has     informed           Solage        also
    informed Solange about it'.
Example #5:

    Pierre          en      a       empêché          Marie.
    Pierre          it      has     prohibited       Marie
    'Pierre prohibited Marie from leaving'.
Example #6:

    (5)   Je              aime             Marie
    1SG:NOM         love:PRES        Marie:ACC
    'I love Marie'.
Example #7:

    (29) a.       Marie         a        obéi                   à      Pierre.
    Marie         has      obey:PSTP              DAT    Pierre
    'Marie obeyed Pierre'.
Example #8:

    b.      Pierre         a     été              obéi           par       Marie.
    Pierre         has   been             obey:PSTP      by        Marie
    'Pierre was obeyed by Marie'.
Example #9:

    (49) a.       Marie lui            a         donné          une             pomme.
    Marie him:DAT        has       give:PSTP      an:ACC          apple:ACC
    'Marie gave him an apple'.
Example #10:

    b.      Marie lui               a     caché           la              verité.
    Marie him:DAT           has   hide:PSTP       the:ACC         truth:ACC
    'Marie hid the truth from him'.
Example #11:

    (29) a.      Marie         a       obéi           au     capitaine.
    Marie         has     obey:PSTP      to-the captain
    'Marie obeyed the captain'.
Example #12:

    b.     Le     capitaine     a        été    obéi.
    the    captain       has      been   obey:PSTP
    'The captain was obeyed'.
Example #13:

    (64) a.         Marie          offirira      des     bonbons          à     Pierre.
    Marie          give:FUT      some candies             DAT   Pierre
    'Marie will give some candies to Pierre'.
Example #14:

    b.        Marie         lui             pince          les            fesses.
    Marie         him:DAT         pinches        the:ACC        buttocks:ACC
    'Marie pinches his buttocks'.
Example #15:

    (88) Je       ferai          manger           les pommes     à          Jean.
    1SG make:FUT            eat              the apples     DAT        Jean
    'I will make Jean eat the apples'.
Example #16:

    (127) a.      Il    est                arrivé          un      homme.
    it    is                 arrive:PSTP     a       man
    'A man arrived'.
Example #17:

    b.     *Il    a       chanté              un     homme.
    it    has     sing:PSTP           an     man
    'A man sang'.
Example #18:

    c.    *Il    est       malade           un       homme.
    it    is        ill              a        man
    'A man is ill'.
Example #19:

    d.    *Il     est    un       élève              un   écoliter.
    it     is     a        student            a    primary.student
    'A primary student is a student'.
Example #20:

    1SG       make:FUT     eat             the     apples         DAT
Example #21:

    'I made Pierre eat the apples'.