ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Nakamura, Wataru (1997). A Constraint-Based Typology of Case Systems - Chapter 1.

URL: http://wings.buffalo.edu/linguistics/people/students/dissertations/nakamura/nakamurach.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-31).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1183&langcode=isl (2019-03-24).

 

Example #1:

    (84) a.       Lögregl-a-n            tók                      Sigg-u         fast-a.
    police-SG:NOM-the take:3SG:PAST                 Sigga-ACC      fast-SG:ACC
    'The police arrested Sigga'.
Example #2:

    af      lögregl-un-ni.
    by      police-the-SG:DAT
    'Sigga was arrested by the police'.
Example #3:

    c.      Ég             hjálpa- i               peim.
    1SG:NOM        help-PAST-1SG           3PL:DAT
    'I helped them'.
Example #4:

    d.      Peim          va-r                     hjálpa-a        af      mér.
    3PL:DAT       be:PAST-3SG              help-PSTP       by      1SG:DAT
    'They were helped by me'.
Example #5:

    Olaf-ur                 lei inleg-ur.
    Olaf-SG:NOM             boring-SG:NOM
    'They have always considered Olaf boring'.
Example #6:

    (10) Peim          hef-ur                pótt                 Ólaf-ur        lei inleg-ur.
    3PL:DAT       have-PRES:3SG         think:PSTP           Olaf-NOM       boring-NOM
    'They have considered Olaf boring'.
Example #7:

    (13) Ég              skila- i                   henni         pening-un-um.
    1SG:NOM         return-PAST-1SG            her:DAT       money-the-DAT
    'I returned her the money'.
Example #8:

    (15) a.        Lögregl-a-n            tók                      Sigg-u          fast-a.
    police-NOM-the         take:3PL:PAST            Sigga-ACC       fast-ACC
    'The police arrested Sigga'.
Example #9:

    b.      Sigg-a         va-r            tekin föst af lögregl-un-ni.
    Sigga-NOM be:PAST-3SG take:PSTP fast:NOM by police-the-DAT
    'Sigga was arrested by the police'.
Example #10:

    Ólaf-ur                 lei inleg-ur.
    Olaf-MASC:NOM           boring-MASC:NOM
    'They have always considered Olaf boring'.
Example #11:

    einir.
    alone:NOM
    'They threw him out of the window alone [them alone]'.
Example #12:

    einum.
    alone:DAT
    'They threw him out of the window alone [him alone]'.
Example #13:

    c.      Honum        var     kasta         einum út um                gluggann.
    him:DAT      was throw-PSTP alone:DAT out of                  the.window
    'He was thrown out of the window alone'.
Example #14:

    d.      Hana           rak             á land          eina.
    her:ACC        drift:PAST      ashore          alone:ACC
    'She drifted ashore alone'.
Example #15:

    einum           út       um    gluggann.
    alone:DAT       out      of    the.window
    'He longs to be thrown out of the window alone'.
Example #16:

    b.      Hún            vonast til a           reka             á land     eina.
    she:NOM        hopes CMPL             drift:INF        ashore     alone:ACC
    'She hopes to drift ashore alone'.
Example #17:

    bók-in-a.
    book-the-ACC
    'John believes Harold to have taken the book'.
Example #18:

    (43) c.         Honum        var     kasta         einum út um                    gluggann.
    him:DAT      was throw:PSTP alone:DAT out of                      the.window
    'He was thrown out of the window alone'.
Example #19:

    d.      Hana           rak              á land          eina.
    her:ACC        drift:PAST       ashore          alone:ACC
    'She drifted ashore alone'.
Example #20:

    einum          út       um      gluggann.
    alone:DAT      out      of      the.window
    'He longs to be thrown out of the window alone'.
Example #21:

    b.      Hún            vonast til a              reka            á land     eina.
    she:NOM        hopes CMPL                drift:INF       ashore     alone:ACC
    'She hopes to drift ashore alone'.
Example #22:

    Sigga           stal           bílnum.
    Sigga:NOM stole                the.car:DAT
    'Sigga stole the car'.
Example #23:

    Bílnum         var             stoli .
    the.car:DAT was                stolen
    'The car was stolen'.