The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Nakamura, Wataru (1997). A Constraint-Based Typology of Case Systems - Chapter 1.

URL: http://wings.buffalo.edu/linguistics/people/students/dissertations/nakamura/nakamurach.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-31).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1183&langcode=ita (2019-03-23).


Example #1:

    (62) a.        Mangia-t-i            gli      spaghetti,    uscir-ono.
    eat-PSTP-MASC:PL the           spaghetti     go.out:PAST-3PL
    'Having eaten the spaghetti, they went out'.
Example #2:

    b.    *Mangiati              spaghetti,     uscir-ono.
    eat:PSTP:MASC:PL spaghetti           go.out:PAST-3PL
    'Having eaten spaghetti, they went out'.
Example #3:

    tentave                 di     rassicurarla.
    try:PAST:3SG            to     reassure:her
    'Having worried his mother, Gianni tried to reassure her'.
Example #4:

    'Anna ate spaghetti for five minutes'.
Example #5:

    da      Anna            per       cinque minuti.
    by      Anna            for       five minutes
    'Spaghetti was eaten by Anna for five minutes'.
Example #6:

    cinque          minuti.
    five            minutes
    'Anna ate the spaghetti in five minutes'.
Example #7:

    mangia-t-i       da            Anna            in      cinque minuti.
    eat-PSTP-MASC:PL by            Anna            in      five minutes
    'The spaghetti was eaten by Anna in five minutes'.
Example #8:

    (105) a.       Maria         ha     fatto riparare            la macchina     a Giovanni.
    Maria         has    make repair               the car         to Giovanni.
    'Maria had Giovanni repair the car'.