ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Jeffrey Lidz (1999). Echo Reduplication in Kannada.

URL: http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/dm/lidz-echo.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 121&langcode=kan (2019-06-24).

 

Example #1:

    (8) a. baagil-annu much-gich-id-e             anta heeLa-beeDa
    door-ACC      close- RED - PST -1 S that say-PROH
    `Don't say that I closed the door or did related activities.'
Example #2:

    b. baagil-annu much-id-e-gichide anta heeLa-beeDa
    door-ACC      close- PST -1 S - RED that say-PROH
    `Don't say that I closed the door or did related activities.'
Example #3:

    (9) a. baagil-giigil-annu much-id-e
    door- RED -ACC            close-PST-1S
    `I closed the door and related things.'
Example #4:

    b. baagil-annu-giigilannu much-id-e
    door- ACC - RED                 close-PST-1S
    `I closed the door and related things.'
Example #5:

    anta heeLa-beeDa
    that say-PROH
    `Don't say that I closed the door or did related activities.'
Example #6:

    a. muchu
    close
    `to close (tr.)'
Example #7:

    b. muchi-koLLu
    close-REFL
    `to close (intr.)'
Example #8:

    c. baagilu     muchi-gichi-koND-itu anta heeLa-beeDa
    door-NOM close- RED -REFL .PST -3 SN that say-PROH
    `Don't say that the door closed or did related things.'
Example #9:

    d.   baagilu     muchi-koND-itu-gichikoNDitu anta heeLa-beeDa
    door-NOM close- REFL .PST -3 SN -RED                 that say-PROH
    `Don't say that the door closed or did related things.'
Example #10:

    a. hogaLu
    praise
    `to praise'
Example #11:

    b. hogaLi-koLLu
    praise-REFL
    `to praise oneself.'
Example #12:

    c. rashmi tann-annu hogaLi-gigaLi-koND-aLu anta heeLa-beeDa
    Rashmi self-ACC praise-RED-REFL.PST-3SF             that say-PROH
    `Don't say that Rashmi praised herself and did related activities.'
Example #13:

    anta heeLa-beeDa
    that say-PROH
    `Don't say that Rashmi praised herself and did related activities.'
Example #14:

    a. kaTTu
    build
    `to build'
Example #15:

    b. kaTT-isu
    build-CAUS
    `to make build'
Example #16:

    c. naanu mane-yannu kaTT-giTT-is-id-e                anta heeLa-beeDa
    I-NOM house-ACC build-RED -CAUS -PST-1S that say-proh
    `Don't say that I had a house built and did related activities.'
Example #17:

    heeLa-beeDa
    say-PROH
    `Don't say that I had a house built and did related activities.'
Example #18:

    heeLa-beeDa
    say-PROH
    `Don't say that I had a house built and did related activities.'
Example #19:

    a. patra
    letter
    `letter'
Example #20:

    b. patr-isu
    letter-CAUS
    `to write a letter'
Example #21:

    c. Rashmi Vijay-ige patra-gitr-is-id-aLu           anta heeLa-beeDa
    Rashmi Vijay-DAT letter-RED -CAUS -PST-3SF that say-PROH
    ties.'
Example #22:

    d.   Rashmi Vijay-ige patr-is-gitris-id-aLu          anta heeLa-beeDa
    Rashmi Vijay-DAT letter-CAUS -RED -PST-3SF that say-PROH
    ties.'
Example #23:

    a. cikka
    small
    `small'
Example #24:

    b. cikk-avanu
    small-he
    `one who is small.'
Example #25:

    c. avanu cikk-gikk-avanu alla
    he-NOM small- RED -he           NEG
    `It's not as if he's a young etc. man.'
Example #26:

    d.   avan-annu cikk-avanu-gikkavanu anta heeLa-beeDa
    he-ACC      small-he- RED              that say-PROH
    `Don't say that he's a young man and such.'
Example #27:

    (16) a. toor-ike
    show-NMNL
    `appearance'
Example #28:

    c. toor-ike    giirike
    show-nmnl RED
    `appearances and related things'
Example #29:

    (17) a. tooru-vike
    show-GER
    `showing'
Example #30:

    c. tooruvike giiruvike
    show-ger RED
    `showing and related activities'
Example #31:

    (18) a. ooD-aaTa
    run-play
    `running around'
Example #32:

    c. ooD-aaTa giiDaaTa
    run-play RED
    `running around and related activities'
Example #33:

    (19) a. hoogu-vudu
    go-GER
    `going'
Example #34:

    c. hoogu-vudu giiguvudu
    go-GER        RED
    `going and related activities'
Example #35:

    (20) a. doDDa-tana
    large-NOM
    `largeness'
Example #36:

    (21) a. Hari kannu much-id-a
    Hari eye close-PST-3SM
    `Hari died.' (lit. Hari closed his eyes)
Example #37:

    (22) a. Rashmi Hari-ge maNNu tinn-is-id-aLu
    Rashmi Hari-DAT mud          eat-CAUS-PST-3SF
    `Rashmi ruined Hari.' (lit. Rashmi made Hari eat mud)
Example #38:

    (24) a. toor-ike
    show-NMNL
    `appearance'
Example #39:

    (25) a. tooru-vike
    show-GER
    `showing'
Example #40:

    (26) a. beeD-isu
    beg-CAUS
    `to cause to beg'
Example #41:

    c. beeD-giiD-isu
    beg-RED-CAUS
    `to cause to beg and related activities'
Example #42:

    d.   beeD-isu- giiDisu
    beg-CAUS-RED
    `to cause to beg and do related activities'
Example #43:

    (27) a. kaalu-gaLu
    leg-PL
    `legs'
Example #44:

    c. kaalu-giilu-gaLu
    leg-RED-PL
    `legs and stuff'
Example #45:

    d.   kaalu-gaLu-giilugaLu
    leg-PL-RED
    `legs and stuff'
Example #46:

    (33) a. Rashmi avan-annu hogaL-id-aLu
    Rashmi he-ACC         praise-PST-3SF
    `Rashmi praised him.'
Example #47:

    (34) a. * baagil-annu much-gich-id-e
    door-ACC       close-RED-PST-1S
    `I closed the door and did related activities.'
Example #48:

    b. * baagil-annu much-id-e gichide
    door-ACC close-PST-1S RED
    `I closed the door and did related activities.'
Example #49:

    c. *naanu baagil-annu muchide                giigilannu muchide
    I-NOM door-ACC            close-PST-1S RED
    `I closed the door and did related activities.'
Example #50:

    anta heeLa-beeDa
    that say-PROH
    `Don't say that I closed the door and did related activities.'
Example #51:

    d.   baagil-annu-giigilannu muchide
    door-ACC -RED                 close-PST-1   S
    `I closed the door and related things.'
Example #52:

    (35) a. hari baagilannu muchi-gich-al-illa
    Hari door-ACC close-RED-INF-NEG
    `Hari didn't close the door or do any such thing.'
Example #53:

    b. niinu baagil-annu muchi-gich-al-illa-valla-a
    you door-ACC         close-RED-INF-NEG-TAG-Q
    `You didn't close the door or do any such thing, did you?'
Example #54:

    c. hari baagil-annu muchi-gich-id-a-a
    Hari door-ACC close-RED-PST-3SM-Q
    `Did Hari close the door or do any such thing?'
Example #55:

    (40) a. patr-isu
    letter-CAUS
    `to write a letter'
Example #56:

    b. toor-ike
    show-NMNL
    `appearance'