ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Peter Cole, Gabriella Hermon and C.T. James Huang (2005). LONG DISTANCE ANAPHORS.

URL: http://www.ling.udel.edu/pcole/LD-Anaphors-Syncom.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1218&langcode=cmn (2018-04-25).

 

Example #1:

    (1)      Zhangsani renwei Lisij        zhidao    Wangwuk             xihuan     zijii/j/k
    Zhangsan think        Lisi    know      Wangwu              like       self
    `Zhangsan thinks Lisi knows Wangwu likes self.'
Example #2:

    (3)     Zhangsani renwei woj         zhidao      Wangwuk           xihuan    ziji*i/*j/k
    Zhangsan think        I      know        Wangwu            like      self
    `Zhangsan thinks I know Wangwu likes self.'
Example #3:

    Lisij        shuo     neixie     hua      mingming         shi zai      he zijii/j   zuodui
    Lisi         say      those      word obviously            is being     with self    against
    Lisij was obviously acting against himselfj/himi.'
Example #4:

    (11)    Zhangsani zhidao Lisij renwei Wangwuk zui                 xihuan zijii/j/k
    Zhangsan know         Lisi think        Wangwu     most like         self
    `Zhangsani knows that Lisij thinks that Wangwu likes himself/himi/j most.'
Example #5:

    (36)    Zhangsani de biaoqing           gaosu woj zijii/*j shi wugude
    Zhangsan DE expression tell              me self is innocent
    `Zhangsan's expression tells me that he is innocent.'
Example #6:

    zijii/j/*k     de wenzang
    self           DE article
    `Wangwu      says that Zhangsan gave an article about him/himself to Lisi.'
Example #7:

    (46)    Zhangsani dui zijij/j mei         xinxin       shi      Lisij hen             nanguo
    Zhangsan to       self   no       confidence make Lisi very                   sad
    'That Zhangsan had no confidence in himself made Lisi sad.'
Example #8:

    (1)      Zhangsani renwei Lisij        zhidao    Wangwuk              xihuan     zijii/j/k
    Zhangsan think        Lisi    know      Wangwu               like       self
    `Zhangsan thinks Lisi knows Wangwu likes self.'
Example #9:

    (3)      Zhangsani renwei woj         zhidao      Wangwuk             xihuan     ziji*i/*j/k
    Zhangsan think        I      know        Wangwu              like       self
    `Zhangsan thinks I know Wangwu likes self.'
Example #10:

    (56)    Zhangsani renwei Lisij        zhidao    Wangwuk             xihuan    taziji*i/*j/k
    Zhangsan think        Lisi    know      Wangwu              like      himself
    `Zhangsan thinks Lisi knows Wangwu likes himself.'
Example #11:

    (62)     Zhangsani gaosu        Lisij   Wangwuk bu          xihuan        zijii/*j/k
    Zhangsan told          Lisi    Wangwu        not like            self
    'Zhangsan told Lisi that Wangwu does not like him/himself.'
Example #12:

    (66)    a.   Zhangsani shuo [[ nij zuo de chunshi] haile ziji*i/j
    Zhangsan say          you do silly deeds      harm self.3SG
    'Zhangsan says that the silly things you have done have harmed you.'
Example #13:

    b.    Zhangsani    shuo [[ Lisij zuo de chunshi] haile zijii/j
    Zhangsan     say        Lisi do silly deeds      harm    self.3SG
    'Zhansan says that the silly things Lisi has done have harmed him/you.'
Example #14:

    (67)    a.   Zhangsani cong nij        nar    ting shuo Malik               hen     taoyan    ziji??i/*j/k
    Zhangsan from you there hear say                Mary           very    hate      self
    'Zhangsan heard from you that Mary hates herself.'
Example #15:

    b.   Zhangsani cong Lisij nar          ting shuo Malik              hen     taoyan    zijii/*j/k
    Zhangsan from Lisi there hear say                Mary          very    hate      self
    'Zhangsan heard from Lisi that Mary hates herself.'
Example #16:

    (68)    a.   Zhangsani zhidao Malij gen          ziji??i/??j shuoguo ni       xiang qu               Taiwan
    Zhangsan knows      Mary with self              said       you want go                  Taiwan
    'Zhangsan knows Mary told him/herself that you want to go to Taiwan.'
Example #17:

    (70) Zhangsan shuo [ ta        qipian-le ziji]
    Zhangsan said      he/she cheate-Perf self
    Zhangsan said that he/she cheated himself/herself.
Example #18:

    (75)    Zhangsani renwei [woj zhidao [Wangwuk xihuan ziji*i/??j/k ]]
    Zhangsan think           I know      Wangwu like self
    'Zhangsan thinks that I know that Wangwu likes himself.'
Example #19:

    (76)    Zhangsani renwei [Wangwuj zhidao [wok xihuan                       ziji*i/*j/k]]
    Zhangsan think         Wangwu know           I     like            self
    'Zhangsan thinks that Wangwu knows that I like myself.'
Example #20:

    ta jiu        bu qu
    he then       not go
    (Wangwu, Lisi or Zhangsan), then he won't go.'
Example #21:

    ta jiu bu qu
    he then not go
    (Wangwu, Lisi or Zhangsan), then he won't go.'
Example #22:

    Zhangsan renwei [IP ziji [IP Wangwu kanjian [neige [CP taoyan t ] de renk]]]
    Zhangsan think        self      Wangwu see           that   dislike REL person
    (Zhangsan, Wangwu or the person).'
Example #23:

    ta jiu bu qu
    he then not go
    (Wangwu, Lisi or Zhangsan), then he won't go.'
Example #24:

    (83)   ni    zui     xihuan [shei xie       de       shu]
    you most like            who write DE         Book
    'You like the books that who wrote most?'
Example #25:

    (84)   ni    shi zai [shei lai-le yihou] cai zou    de?
    you be at        who came after   then leave Prt
    'You left after who had come?'
Example #26:

    a. *Suiran Lisi weishenme mei lai,              ni           haishi bu shengqi?
    though Lisi why                not come      you          still  not angry
    'Though Lisi didn't come why, you weren't angry?'
Example #27:

    b.   *Ni     zui    xihuan [ta weishenme          mai        de     shu]?
    you most like            he shy             buy        REL    book
    'You like the book that he bought why?'
Example #28:

    ec lai     zheli de      nage ren
    come here REL that            man
    'the man that came here'
Example #29:

    nage ec lai       zheli de       ren
    that       come here REL man
    'the man that came here'
Example #30:

    (99)    a.   Zhangsan bu        xihuan bu xihuan ziji de              nage ren
    Zhangsa     not like         not like     self REL that          man
    'Zhangsan does not like the man who does not like him / himself'
Example #31:

    b.   Zhangsan bu        xihuan nage bu         xihuan ziji        de        ren
    Zhangsa     not like         that   not like         self    REL       man
    'Zhangsan does not like the man who does not like him / himself'
Example #32:

    (101) *Lisi, Zhangsan bu xihuan [t song-gei ziji de shu]
    Lisi Zhangsan not like [t gave self DE book]
    `*Lisii Zhangsanj does not like the books that [ti gave to selfj]
Example #33:

    (102) *Zhangsan bu xihuan [weishenme piping ziji de ren]?
    Zhangsan not like why criticize self DE person
    "For what reason x, Zhangsani does not like the person who criticized selfi for
Example #34:

    Xia Li ye zheme         juede
    Little Li also thus      feel
    `It is not clear when   I can go to the U.S. to study. Little Li feels the same