ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Legate, Julie Anne Split Absolutive

URL: http://www.ling.udel.edu/jlegate/Legateergkluwer.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-31).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1228&langcode=wbp (2020-08-10).

 

Example #1:

    (1)   a. Nga julu-rlu -rna-ngku    nyuntu nya-ngu
    1-ERG        -1SG-2SG.OBJ 2.ABS see-NPAST
    "I saw you"
Example #2:

    b. Nga ju -rna parnka-ja
    1.ABS -1SG run-PAST
    "I ran"
Example #3:

    c. Nyuntu-rlu -npa-ju      nga ju nya-ngu
    2-ERG      -2SG-1SG.OBJ 1.ABS see-NPAST
    "You saw me"
Example #4:

    (2)   a. Purlka-jarra-rlu ka-pala-nyanu         nya-nyi
    old.man-DUAL-ERG PRESIMPF-3DUAL-REFLEX see-NPAST
    "The two old men are looking at each other" (Simpson 1991:163)
Example #5:

    b.   * Purlka-jarra ka-nyanu-palangu         nya-nyi
    old.man-DUAL PRESIMPF-REFLEX-3DUALOBJ see-NPAST
    Lit: Each other are looking at the old men. (Legate 2002b)
Example #6:

    (3)   a. Wati-ngki-nyanu paka-rnu jurru
    man-ERG-REFLEX hit-PAST head
    "The man hit himself (on) the head"
Example #7:

    b. Wati-lki-li-nyanu   nya-ngu kurdu-warnu-rlu.
    man-then-3PL-REFLEX see-PAST child-ASSOC-ERG
    "The young people saw each other (to be) men then." (Hale et al 1995:1441)
Example #8:

    c. Kurdu-ngku ka-nyanu        nya-nyi, karri-nja-kurra
    child-ERG PRES.IMPF-REFLEX see-PAST stand-INFIN-OBJ.C
    "The child sees himself standing" (Hale 1982b [138b])
Example #9:

    (4)      a. Purlka-jarra-rlu ka-pala-nyanu         nya-nyi
    old.man-DUAL-ERG PRESIMPF-3DUAL-REFLEX see-NPAST
    "The two old men are looking at each other" (Simpson 1991:163)
Example #10:

    b.    * Purlka-jarra ka-pala-nyanu         nya-nyi
    old.man-DUAL PRESIMPF-3DUAL-REFLEX see-NPAST
    "Theyi (two) are looking at the old meni ." (Legate 2002b)
Example #11:

    (6)   a. Nya-ngu-rna-ngku
    see-PAST-1SG-2SGOBJ
    "I saw you"
Example #12:

    b. Parnka-ja-rna
    run-PAST-1SG
    "I ran"
Example #13:

    c. Mata-jarri-ja-lku   nganta-rna
    tired-INCH-PAST-NOW supposedly-1SG
    "I seem to be tired" (Warlpiri Dictionary Pro ject 1993)
Example #14:

    d. Nya-ngu-npa-ju
    see-PAST-2SG-1SGOBJ
    "You saw me"
Example #15:

    wangka-nja-kurra]
    speak-INFIN-OBJC]
    "I hear you speaking" (Hale 1983:20)
Example #16:

    c. Wati-rla jurnta-ya-nu karnta-kui [PROi jarda-nguna-nja-rlarni]
    man-3DAT away-go-PAST woman-DATi [PROi sleep-lie-INFIN-OBVC]
    "The man went away from the woman while she was sleeping" (Hale et al
Example #17:

    wangka-nja-karra-rlu
    speak-INFIN-SUBJC-ERG
    "The man is trimming a boomerang while speaking."
Example #18:

    b. Ngarrka ka       wangka-mi,   karli     jarnti-rninja-karra
    man     PRESIMPF speak-NPAST, boomerang trim-INFIN-SUBJC
    "The man is speaking while trimming a boomerang." (Granites et al 1976)
Example #19:

    (rdakurl(pa)-pi-nyi "arrive, enter")
    when-SUBJC-1PLINCL                   enclosed.space-HITHER VF-NPAST
    "When will we get there?" (Warlpiri Dictionary Pro ject 1993)
Example #20:

    Kala-lu        ngula-kurra wapirdi-wapirdi-paka-rnu.
    PAST.C-3PL     that-OBJ.C approaching-approaching-hit-PAST
    while (they were doing) that."
Example #21:

    wanta-ngka-ja, ngarnta jari-karra.
    sun-LOC-INDEED orange-SUBJ.C
    Oranges."
Example #22:

    wirntinja-kurra-ku.        ]
    dance-INFIN-OBJ.C-DAT ]
    "The two kingfishers laughed at the heron while (the latter was) dancing."
Example #23:

     miyalu-rla   marda, pawiyi-rla marda  [PRO nguna-nja-kurra-ku.     ]
    belly-LOC    maybe back-LOC maybe [          lie-INFIN-OBJ.C-DAT ]
    as (he is) lying down." (Warlpiri Dictionary Pro ject 1993)
Example #24:

    (14) Maliki-rli ngarrka yarlku-rnu
    dog-ERG man        bite-PAST
    "A dog bit a man"
Example #25:

    (16)   a. Kurdu-lpa      manyu-karri-ja, [ngati-nyanu-rlu karla-nja-rlarni.]
    child-PASTIMPF play-stand-PAST [mother-POSS-ERG dig-INFIN-OBVC]
    "The child was playing, while his mother was digging (for something)." (Laugh-
Example #26:

    miyi          yi-nja-rlarni.]
    food.ABS      give-INFIN-OBVC]
    "The girl is building a fire, while the woman is giving food to the baby." (Hale
Example #27:

    (18) Kurdu nga ju-nyangu-lu paka-rnu, [nga ju-ku jarda-nguna-nja-rlarni.]
    child 1SG-POSS-3PL hit-PAST [I-DAT sleep-lie-INFIN-OBVC]
    "They hit my child, while I was asleep."
Example #28:

    [karnta-patu-rlu     miyi/*miyi-ku                       purra-nja-puru.]
    [woman-PAUC-ERG food.ABS/*food-DAT                       cook-INFIN-TEMPC]
    "The men are mustering cattle while the women are cooking the food."
Example #29:

    (20) Nga ju ka-rna       yankirri nya-nyi.
    I(ABS) PRESIMPF-1SG emu(ABS) see-NPAST
    "I see an emu."
Example #30:

    b. Ngarrka-ngku ka-rla-jinta        marlu-ku     luwa-rni
    man-ERG      PRES.IMPF-3DAT-3DAT kangaroo-DAT shoot-NPAST
    "The man is shooting at the kangaroo." (Hale et al 1995:1439)
Example #31:

    (26) Purra-nja-rla      nga-rnu
    cook-INFIN-PRIOR.C eat-PAST
    "Having cooked (it), (he/she/it) ate (it)." (Laughren 1989:326)