The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Bickel, Balthasar (1999). Principles of event framing:genetic stability in grammar and discourse.

URL: http://www.uni-leipzig.de/~bickel/research/papers/events.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-06-01).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1262&langcode=byw (2020-08-13).


Example #1:

    a-kitma    kar-he.                                (Psychollocation)
    1sPOSS-fear come.up-PT[3sS/A]
    `I am afraid.'
Example #2:

    ka hagli~ua lus-e.
    1s   sweat    be(come).perceptible-PT[3sS/A]
    `I am hot.'
Example #3:

    ka hale ekchumma hani-ni~ua       ka-tiu-s-ik-kha <IV.116>
    1s   before sash       2pPOSS-mind 1sO-laze-TR.PERF-2pA-PERF
    `Before, you liked me for my sash.'
Example #4:

    a. asenle ka-pikga-ba                mai                     (S-Patient, ABS)
    lately   ACT.P-fall.down-M person
    `the man who fell down lately'
Example #5:

    c.   ia ka-lim-ba                mai                          (A-Experiencer, ABS)
    beer ACT.P-be(come).delicious-M     person
    `the man who likes the beer'
Example #6:

    d. *ka-lim-ba                 ia                               (O-Stimulus, ABS)
    ACT.P-be(come).delicious-M      beer
    `the beer that [one] likes'
Example #7:

    e.   *ka-ten-ba dhol                                            (O-Patient, ABS)
    ACT.P-beat-M drum
    `the drum that [one] beats'
Example #8:

    hani(*-na) lu-ma          nui-kai.
    2s(-ERG)      tell-INF    may-NPT:2sS
    Not: `You may tell him/her.'
Example #9:

    a. *[i ia su-ma] nui--ai.
    beer sour-INF may-NPT-1sS
    `I like the beer sour.'
Example #10:

    a. *ni-ris               kat-ma      n-nui--ni-gai.
    2sPOSS-anger come.up-INF NEG-may-NPT-NEG-2[sS]
    `You shouldn't get angry.'
Example #11:

    a. han=cha khai-ka            i?
    2s=ADD go-NPT:2sS Q
    `Do you go too?'
Example #12:

    b. masi=cha      si-ta-e              tha~u--a.
    old.woman=ADD wood-plant-LOC         climb-NPT-1sS
    `Even as an old woman I climb trees.'
Example #13:

    c.   sati    khar-e-iga?
    who(s) go-PT-2pS
    `Who of you went?'