The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Olga Mišeska Tomić (2003). The Balkan Sprachbund properties.

URL: http://www.lotschool.nl/GraduateProgram/LotSchools/Summerschool2003/Tomic.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1333&langcode=bul (2019-06-20).


Example #1:

    (ii)        Ej       ksokrakija!
    Interj short-legged+the.M.Sg
    `You, the short-legged one!'
Example #2:

    djadja           Moska.
    uncle.Acc        Mosko.Acc
    `... in order to leave a letter to uncle Mosko.'
Example #3:

    (13)     a.       Pokazax       mu          ptja.                                                  B
    show.1Sg.Aor 3Sg.M.Acc.Cl road+the.M.Sg.Acc
    `I showed him the way.'
Example #4:

    b.       Ptt                  ne             bese     lesen.                              B
    road+the.M.Sg.Nom nor               was      easy.M.Sg
    `The road was not easy.'
Example #5:

    `I gave the book to Jana/Stojan/the grandpa.'
Example #6:

    `We lost Jana's/Stojan's/grandpa's book.'
Example #7:

    (24)   a.      *Mu          go             e        dal.                            B
    3Sg.M.Dat.Cl 3Sg.M.Acc.Cl is.Cl given.M.Sg.l-Part
    purported meaning: `He has given it to him.'
Example #8:

    b.      Ne     mu               go       e             dal.                  B
    not    3Sg.M.Dat.Cl 3Sg.M.Acc.Cl is.Cl         given.M.Sg.l-Part
    `He hasn't given it to him.'
Example #9:

    c.      Ste    mu               go            dade            utre.          B
    will 3Sg.M.Dat.Cl 3Sg.M.Acc.Cl give.3Sg               tomorrow
    `(S)he will give it to him tomorrow.'
Example #10:

    (27)      a.       Ne  MU                go       DAvaj!                                    B
    not.Cl 3Sg.M.Dat.Cl 3Sg.N.Acc.Cl give.2Sg.Imperf.Imp
    `Don't give it to him!'
Example #11:

    (a letter)
    `Jana is reading the letter/a letter.'
Example #12:

    (%edno pismo).
    [a letter]
    `It is Jana that is reading the letter/a letter.'
Example #13:

    `Your daughter has come to visit him.'
Example #14:

    mi               gleda           decata.
    1Sg.Dat.Cl       looks after     children+the.Pl
    `I am looking   for a woman to   look after my children.'
Example #15:

    ce     si               otivam.
    That Impers.Dat.Cl      leave.1Sg
    `I came to inform you   that I am leaving.'
Example #16:

    b.     Njama                 kakvo da              kupis.               B
    not+have.Impers       what Subj.Mark        buy.2Sg.Perf
    `There arenothing to buy.'
Example #17:

    b.     (Toj) ste             napravi              tova   utre.       B
    he     will.Mod.Cl do.3Sg.Perf.Pres        that   tomorrow
    `He will do that tomorrow.'
Example #18:

    da               se                     razxozdame.
    Subj.Mark         Impers.Acc.Cl         walk.1Pl.Imperf.Pres
    `If it didn't rain, we would have still be walking.'
Example #19:

    dvama sina.
    two    sons
    `There was a king and he had two sons.'
Example #20:

    b.      Pavel KOLA kupi               (ne ksta).                           B
    Pavel car     bought.3Sg not house
    `Pavel bought a car (not a house).'