ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Jeffrey Lidz (2001). THE ARGUMENT STRUCTURE OF VERBAL REFLEXIVES.

URL: http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~jlidz/vrmfin.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 134&langcode=kan (2019-07-24).

 

Example #1:

    (1)    a.      hari tann-annu hogaL-i-koND-a
    Hari self-ACC praise-PP-REFL.PST-3      SM
    'Hari praised himself.'
Example #2:

    b.    * hari rashmi-yannu hogaL-i-koND-a
    Hari Rashmi-ACC praise-PP-REFL.PST-3     SM
    'Hari praised Rashmi.'
Example #3:

    c.   * hari tann-annu hogaL-id-a
    Hari self-ACC praise-PST-3    SM
    'Hari praised himself.'
Example #4:

    d.      hari rashmi-yannu hogaL-id-a
    Hari Rashmi-ACC praise-PST-3       SM
    'Hari praised Rashmi.'
Example #5:

    (2)    a.      baagil-u muchi-tu
    door-NOM close-PST-3  SN
    'The door closed.'
Example #6:

    b.      baagil-u muchi-koND-itu
    door-NOM close-PP-REFL.PST-3     SN
    'The door closed.'
Example #7:

    c.      hari baagil-annu much-id-a
    Hari door-ACC      close-PST-3   SM
    'Hari closed the door.'
Example #8:

    d.   * hari baagil-annu much-i-koND-a
    Hari door-ACC     close-PP-REFL.PST-3           SM
    `Hari closed the door.'
Example #9:

    (3)    a.      hari kannu-gaL-annu tere-d-a
    Hari eye-PL-ACC       open-PST-3      SM
    `Hari opened his eyes.'
Example #10:

    b.      hari kannu-gaL-annu tere-du-koND-a
    Hari eye-PL-ACC      open -PP-REFL.PST-3            SM
    'Hari opened his eyes'
Example #11:

    c.      hari rashmiy-a kannu-gaL-annu tere-d-a
    Hari rashmi-GEN eye-PL-ACC     open -PST-3               SM
    `Hari opened Rashmi's eyes.'
Example #12:

    d.   * hari rashmiy-a kannu-gaL-annu tere-du-koND-a
    Hari Rashmi-GEN eye-PL-ACC    open -PP-REFL.PST-3              SM
    `Hari opened Rashmi's eyes.'
Example #13:

    (4)    a.      rashmi-ge tannu ishta-aada
    Rashmi-DAT self-NOM liking-becomes
    'Rashmi likes herself'
Example #14:

    (5)    a.      hari kannu-gaL-annu tere-du-koND-a
    Hari eye-PL-ACC        open-PP-REFL.PST-3  SM
    'Hari opened his eyes'
Example #15:

    (6)     a.      raaju       tann-a angiy-annu hari-d-a
    Raaju-NOM self-GEN shirt-ACC tear-PST-3    SM
    'Raaju tore his shirt'
Example #16:

    b.      raaju       tann-a angiy-annu hari-du-koND-a
    Raaju-NOM self-GEN shirt-ACC tear-PP-REFL-PST-3SM
    'Raaju got his shirt torn'
Example #17:

    c.      raaju       hariy-a angiy-annu hari-d-a
    Raaju-NOM Hari-GEN shirt-ACC tear-PST-3     SM
    'Raaju tore Hari's shirt.'
Example #18:

    d.   * raaju       hariy-a angiy-annu hari-du-koND-a
    Raaju-NOM Hari-GEN shirt-ACC tear-PP-REFL.PST-3      SM
    'Raaju tore Hari's shirt.'7
Example #19:

    (7)     a.      hari-yu tann-a kal-annu mur-id-a
    Hari-NOM self-GEN leg-ACC break-PST-3SM
    'Hari broke his leg (accidentally)'
Example #20:

    b.      hari-yu tann-a kal-annu mur-idu-koND-a
    Hari-NOM self-GEN leg-ACC break-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    'Hari broke his leg (deliberately)'
Example #21:

    (8)     a.      hari-yu tann-a tale-yannu eTT-id-a
    Hari-NOM self-GEN head-ACC lift-PST-3SM
    'Hari lifted his head'
Example #22:

    b.      hari-yu tann-a tale-yannu eTT-i-koND-a
    Hari-NOM self-GEN head-ACC lift-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    'Hari lifted his head'
Example #23:

    (9)     a.      hari-yu kannu-gaL-annu tere-d-a
    Hari-NOM eye-PL-ACC    open-PST-3       SM
    'Hari opened his eyes'
Example #24:

    b.      hari-yu kannu-gaL-annu tere-du-koND-a
    Hari-NOM eye-PL-ACC    open-PP-REFL.PST-3        SM
    'Hari opened his eyes'
Example #25:

    (10)   a.   # hari-yu tann-a kal-annu kooli-ninda mur-id-a
    Hari-NOM self-GEN leg-ACC stick-INSTR break-PST-3SM
    'Hari broke his leg with a stick'
Example #26:

    b.      hari-yu tann-a kal-annu kooli-ninda mur-idu-koND-a
    Hari-NOM self-GEN leg-ACC stick-INSTR break-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    'Hari broke his leg with a stick'
Example #27:

    (11)   a.   # hari-yu tann-a tale-yannu kai-gaL-inda eTT-id-a
    Hari-NOM self-GEN head-ACC hand-PL-INSTR lift-PST-3SM
    'Hari lifted his head with his hands'
Example #28:

    b.      hari-yu tann-a tale-yannu kai-gaL-inda eTT-i-koND-a
    Hari-NOM self-GEN head-ACC hand-PL-INSTR lift-PP-REFL.PST-3       SM
    'Hari lifted his head with his hands'
Example #29:

    (12)   a.   # hari-yu kannu-gaL-annu kai-gaL-inda tere-d-a
    Hari-NOM eye-PL-ACC         hand-PL-INSTR open-PST-3SM
    'Hari opened his eyes with his hands'
Example #30:

    b.      hari-yu kannu-gaL-annu kai-gaL-inda tere-du-koND-a
    Hari-NOM eye-PL-ACC hand-PL-INSTR open-PP-REFL.PST-3             SM
    'Hari opened his eyes with his hands'
Example #31:

    (13)   a.      raaju       tann-a angiy-annu kai-gaL-inda hari-d-a
    Raaju-NOM self-GEN shirt-ACC hand-PL-INSTR tear-PST-3       SM
    'Raaju tore his shirt with his hands'
Example #32:

    b.    # raaju       tann-a angiy-annu kai-gaL-inda hari-du-koND-a
    Raaju-NOM self-GEN shirt-ACC hand-PL-INSTR tear-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    'Raaju got his shirt torn with his hands'
Example #33:

    (14)   Rashmi baagil-annu kai-gaL-inda much-id-aLu
    Rashmi door-ACC hand-PL-INSTR close-PST-3SF
    `Rashmi closed the door with her hands.'
Example #34:

    (16)   a.      naan-u baagil-annu much-i-de
    I-NOM door-ACC close-PST-1S
    'I closed the door'
Example #35:

    c.      baagil-u much-i-tu
    door-NOM close-PST-3SN
    'The door closed'
Example #36:

    d.      baagil-u much-i-koND-itu
    door-NOM close-PP-REFL.PST-3SN
    'The door closed'
Example #37:

    (17)   a.      divya-la celuv-ige divaakara          mana soot-a
    Divya-GEN beauty-DAT Divakara-NOM mind lose.PST-3SM
    'Divakara lost his mind because of Divya's beauty'
Example #38:

    b.      caL-ige avan-ige jvara         bant-u
    cold-DAT he-DAT fever-NOM come-PST-3SN
    'He got a fever because of the cold'
Example #39:

    (18)   a.      gaaL-ige baagil-u much-i-koND-itu
    wind-DAT door-NOM close-PP-REFL.PST-3SN
    'the door closed because of the wind'
Example #40:

    (19) * raaju       hari-ya kannu-gaL-annu tere-du-koND-a
    Raaju-NOM Hari-GEN eye-PL-ACC     open-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    'Raaju opened Hari's eyes'
Example #41:

    (20) * aaghaata-dinda raaju hariy-annu hoDe-du-koND-a
    accident-INSTR Raaju Hari-ACC hit-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    `Raaju accidentally hit Hari'
Example #42:

    (28)      bagil-u much-i-koND-itu
    door-NOM close-PP-REFL.PST-3SN
    'The door closed.' (externally caused)
Example #43:

    (29)      hari bagil-annu much-id-a
    Hari door-ACC close-PST-3SM
    `Hari closed the door'
Example #44:

    (18)    a.       gaaL-ige baagil-u much-i-koND-itu
    wind-DAT door-NOM close-PP-REFL.PST-3SN
    'the door closed because of the wind'
Example #45:

    (34)   hari-yu kannu-gal-annu tere-du-koND-a
    Hari-NOM eye-PL-ACC        open-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    'Hari opened his eyes (with some instrument)'
Example #46:

    (37)   hari kannu-gaL-annu tere-d-a
    Hari-NOM eye-PL-ACC open-PST-3            SM
    `Hari opened his eyes'
Example #47:

    (39)   a.      hari-yu (tann-annu) hoDe-du-koNDa
    Hari-NOM (self-ACC) hit-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    `Hari hit himself'
Example #48:

    (41)    a.      rashmi-ge hari      ishta-aad-a
    Rashmi-DAT Hari-NOM liking-become.NPST-3       SM
    'Rashmi likes Hari'
Example #49:

    b.      rashmi-ge tannu ishta-aad-a
    Rashmi-DAT self-NOM liking-become.NPST-3      SM
    'Rashmi likes herself'
Example #50:

    44) ?? Hari tann-annu priitisu-koLL-utt-aane
    Hari self-ACC love-REFL-NPST-3SM
    'Hari loves himself.'
Example #51:

    (45)    Hari mattu Rashmi priitisu-koLL-utt-aare
    Hari and Rashmi love-REFL-NPST-3PL
    'Hari and Rashmi love each other.'
Example #52:

    (46)    a.      Hari tann-annu mechi-koLL-utt-aane
    Hari self-ACC like-REFL-NPST-3SM
    'Hari likes himself.'
Example #53:

    b.      Rashmi tann-annu hachi-koLL-utt-aaLe
    Rashmi self-ACC be.fond.of-REFL-NPST-3      SF
    'Rashmi is fond of herself.'
Example #54:

    (47)   a.      avan-u beva-t-a
    he-NOM sweat-PST-3   SM
    'he sweated'
Example #55:

    b.      avan-ige beva-t-itu
    he-DAT sweat-PST-3    SN
    'He sweated'
Example #56:

    (48)   a.       avan-u beva-tu-koND-a
    he-NOM sweat-PP-REFL.PST-3     SM
    'He sweated.'
Example #57:

    (49)     rashmi awan-age-taane hari-yannu tooris-id-aLu
    Rashmi he-DAT-self    Hari-ACC show-PST-3SF
    'Rashmi showed Hari to himself.'
Example #58:

    (52)    a.        hari santooshaag-iruw-aage kaNis-utt-aane
    Hari happy-be-PRED          seem-PRES-3SM
    'Hari seems to be happy'
Example #59:

    b.        hari tan-age santooshaag-iruw-aage kaNis-utt-aane
    Hari self-DAT happy-be-PRED          seem-PRES-3SM
    `Hari seems to himself to be happy.'
Example #60:

    b.    * hari tan-age santooshaag-iruw-aage kaNis-koLL-utt-aane
    Hari self-DAT happy-be-PRED         seem-REFL-PST-3SM
    'Hari seems to himself to be happy'
Example #61:

    (54)   (a) * hari taanu      rashmiy-annu hoDe-du-koND-a anta heeL-id-a
    Hari self-NOM Rashmi-ACC hit-PP-REFL.PST-3SM that say-PST-3SM
    'Hari said that he hit Rashmi'
Example #62:

    (b) * hari tannu rashmi-yannu hoDe-d-a anta heeL-idu-koND-a
    Hari self-NOM Rashmi-ACC hit-PST-3SM that say-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    'Hari said that he hit Rashmi'
Example #63:

    (c)     hari tannu rashmi-yannu hoDe-d-a anta heeL-id-a
    Hari self-NOM Rashmi-ACC hit-PST-3SM that say-PST-3     SM
    'Hari said that he hit Rashmi'
Example #64:

    (55)    a.     baagil-u much-i-koND-itu
    door-NOM close-PP-REFL.PST-3   SN
    'The door closed'
Example #65:

    b.      baagil-u much-i-tu
    door-NOM close-PST-3    SN
    'The door closed'
Example #66:

    (56)    a.      gaal-ige baagil-u much-i-koND-itu
    wind-DAT door-NOM close-PP-REFL.PST-3     SN
    'Because of the wind, the door closed'
Example #67:

    b.   * gaal-ige baagil-u much-i-tu
    wind-DAT door-NOM close-PST-3SN
    'Because of the wind, the door closed'
Example #68:

    (59)    hari (tann-annu) hoDe-du-koND-a
    Hari (self-ACC) hit-PP-REFL.PST-3     SM
    'Hari hit himself'
Example #69:

    (60)    a.      hari kannu-gaL-annu tere-d-a
    Hari eye-PL-ACC        open-PST-3SM
    'Hari opened his eyes'
Example #70:

    b.      hari kannu-gaL-annu tere-du-koND-a
    Hari eye-pl-ACC        open-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    'Hari opened his eyes'
Example #71:

    (61)    a.    * hari kannu-gaL-annu kai-gaL-inda tere-d-a
    Hari eye-PL-ACC       hand-PL-INSTR open-PST-3     SM
    'Hari opened his eyes with his hands'
Example #72:

    b.      hari kannu-gaL-annu kai-gaL-inda tere-du-koND-a
    Hari eye-PL-ACC       hand-PL-INSTR open-PP-REFL.PST-3       SM
    'Hari opened his eyes with his hands'
Example #73:

    (62)    hari (tan-age) pustaka-vannu koTTu-koND-a
    Hari (self-DAT) book-ACC     give.PP-REFL.PST-3     SM
    'Hari gave himself a book'
Example #74:

    (63)    hari (*tan-age) kannu-gaL-annu tere-du-koND-a
    Hari (*self-DAT) eye-PL-ACC     open-PP-REFL.PST-3       SM
    'Hari opened his eyes'
Example #75:

    (72)    a.      hari hoDe-du-koND-a
    Hari hit-PP-REFL.PST-3  SM
    'hari hit himself'
Example #76:

    b.      hari tann-annu hoDe-du-koND-a
    Hari self-ACC hit-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    'Hari hit himself'
Example #77:

    (74)   a.      hari tann-annu hogaL-i-koND-a
    Hari self-ACC praise-PP-REFL.PST-3       SM
    'Hari praised himself.'
Example #78:

    b.      baagil-u much-i-koND-itu
    door-NOM close-PP-REFL.PST-3    SN
    'The door closed.'
Example #79:

    c.      hari kannu-gaL-annu tere-du-koND-a
    Hari eye-PL-ACC      open-PP-REFL.PST-3       SM
    'Hari opened his eyes.'
Example #80:

    (i)       a.       Hari tann-annu mattu tann-a hendatiy-annu hoDe-d-a
    Hari self-ACC and self-GEN wife-ACC            hit-PST-3SM
    `Hari hit himself and his wife.'
Example #81:

    (i)       avar-u      obbar-annu-obbaru       hoDe-d-a
    they-NOM someone-ACC-someone hit-PST-3SM
    'They hit each other.'
Example #82:

    (ii)     avar-u     obbar-annu-obbaru       hoDe-du-koND-a
    they-NOM someone-ACC-someone hit-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    'They hit each other.'
Example #83:

    (iii)     Hari tann-annu-taane hoDe-d-a
    Hari self-ACC-self      hit-PST-3SM
    'Hari hit himself.'
Example #84:

    (iv)         Hari tann-annu-taane hoDe-du-koND-a
    Hari self-ACC-self hit-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    'Hari hit himself.'
Example #85:

    (i)       Hari tanna     naaligey-annu chaach-i-(koND)-a
    hari self-GEN tongue-ACC stick.out-PP-REFL.PST-3SM
    'hari stuck out his tongue'
Example #86:

    (i)       rashmi tan-age-taane hariy-annu paricaya-maaDi-koND-aLu
    Rashmi self-DAT-self Hari-ACC introduction-do-REFL.PST-3SF
    'Rashmi introduced Hari to herself.'
Example #87:

    (i)      moegikaazi *(nungungu)        matham-ay-dhin
    child-ABS *(self-ELATIVE) hit-INTRANS-PST
    'The child hit himself'