The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:


URL: http://ethesis.helsinki.fi/julkaisut/hum/psyko/vk/salo/causativ.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1365&langcode=fin (2018-10-23).


Example #1:

    (92) juostiin      kotiin
    ran-pass-past home
    `People ran home / there was a running home.'
Example #2:

    (93) juoksin
    `I ran.'
Example #3:

    (94) juoksutin           koiraa
    ran-caus-past-sg1 dog-prt
    `I made the dog run.'
Example #4:

    (95) juoksututin              koiraa
    ran-caus-caus-past-sg1 dog-prt
    `I made the dog run / I made somebody to made the dog run.'
Example #5:

    (96) juoksutettiin            koiraa
    ran-caus-caus-past-pass dog-prt
    'A dog was made to run.'
Example #6:

    running-caus is boring
    `Making somebody run is boring.'
Example #7:

    (98) juoksutta ja
    `the one who causes running.'
Example #8:

    (99) juoksutettava
    `the one who is caused to run.'
Example #9:

    (107) hissi         nousi
    elevator-nom rise-past-sg3
    `The elevator rise.'
Example #10:

    (109) Erebus       nosti          hissin
    Erebus-nom lift-past-sg3 elevator
    Erebus lifted the elevator.
Example #11:

    (111) Charon      nostattaa    hissin
    Charon-nom lift-caus-sg3 elevator
    `Charon caused somebody to lift the elevator.
Example #12:

    (112) Charon      nostatti             hissin Erebusilla
    Charon-nom lift-caus-past-sg3 elevator Erebus-sem
    `Charon caused Erebus to lift the elevator.'
Example #13:

    (117) Merja       juoksi     kotiin
    Merja-nom ran-past-sg1 home-sem
    `Merja ran home.'
Example #14:

    (118) Pekka     juoksutti          Merjan   kotiin
    Pekka-nom ran-caus-past-sg1 Merja-acc home-sem
    `Pekka made Merja run home.'
Example #15:

    (119) Erebus      nostatti         hissin    Merjalla
    Erebus-nom lift-caus-past elevator-acc Merja-sem
    `Erebus had Merja lift the elevator.'
Example #16:

    (122) Pekalta    puuttuivat kyvyt
    Pekka-sem lack-past abilities
    `Pekka lacked ability.'
Example #17:

    (123) *Merja     puututti        Pekalta     kyvyt
    Merja-nom lack-caus-past Pekka-sem abilities
    `*Merja caused Pekka to lack ability.'
Example #18:

    (126) mtsikana ana-chit-its-a    kuti mtsuko u-gw-e
    girl      agr-do-make-asp that water-pot agr-fall-asp
    `The girl made the water pot fall.'
Example #19:

    (127) mtsikana anau-gw-ets-a      mtsuko
    girl      agr-fall-made-asp water-pot
    `The girl made the waterpot fall.'
Example #20:

    (198) Pekka       kuoli
    Pekka-nom die-past
    `Pekka died.'
Example #21:

    (199) ?Merja     kuoletti Pekan
    Merja-nom die-caus Pekka-acc
    `Merja caused Pekka to die.'
Example #22:

    (206) Pekka nostattaa kapinan
    Pekka rise-caus revolution
    `Pekka caused a revolution to rise.'
Example #23:

    (207) Pekka nostattaa myrskyn
    Pekka rise-caus storm
    `Pekka causes a storm to rise.'
Example #24:

    (208) Pekka nostattaa hissin
    Pekka rise-caus elevator
    `Pekka causes an elevator to rise.'
Example #25:

    (259) talo       rakennettiin
    house-nom build-pass-past
    `The house was built.'
Example #26:

    (260) rakennettiin    talo
    build-pass-past house-nom
    `The house was built.'
Example #27:

    (268) ihmiset     juoksevat kadulla
    people-nom run-pl1 streets
    `People run on the streets.'