ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Eric Potsdam (2004). LIN 4500/6501, Introduction to Syntax.

URL: http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/potsdam/4500/homeworks.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1374&langcode=plt (2019-05-26).

 

Example #1:

    (1)    n-i-homehy             ny zaza
    PAST-ACTIVE-laugh      the child
    `The child laughed'
Example #2:

    (2)    h-i-vidy             mofo      aho
    FUT-ACTIVE-buy       bread     1SG.NOM
    `I will buy bread'
Example #3:

    (4)    m-aN-tolotra (> manolotra) ny vary          ny vahiny    aho
    PRES-ACTIVE-offer                the rice   the guests   1SG.NOM
    `I offer the guests the rice'
Example #4:

    c. *manasa lamba Rakoto foana
    wash        clothes always Rakoto
    `Rakoto always washes clothes'
Example #5:

    (7)    a. namaky ny boky tany an-tokotany angamba Rakoto
    read        the book there in-garden       probably Rakoto
    `Rakoto probably read the book in the garden'
Example #6:

    b. namaky ny boky angamba tany an-tokotany Rakoto
    read        the book probably there in-garden         Rakoto
    `In the garden, Rakoto probably read the book'
Example #7:

    (8)    ny trano mena
    the house red
    `the red house'
Example #8:

    (10)   ilay saka keli
    that cat little
    `that little cat'
Example #9:

    (11)   ny trano mena lehibe
    the house red           big
    `the big red house'
Example #10:

    (12)   ilay trano ntolo mena lehibe
    that house old          red    big
    `that big red old house'
Example #11:

    (15)      n-aN-vono (> namono) ilay akoho                     Rabe
    PAST-ACTIVE-kill            that chicken            Rabe
    `Rabe killed that chicken'
Example #12:

    b. *novonoina ilay akoho Rabe
    PAST-kill-PASSIVE Rabe.GEN                            that chicken
    `That chicken was killed by Rabe'
Example #13:

    (17)      no-vono-ina         ilay akoho
    PAST-kill-PASSIVE that chicken
    `That chicken was killed'
Example #14:

    (18)      h-aN-soratra (> hanoratra) ny taratasy ianao
    FUT-ACTIVE-write               the letter     2SG.NOM
    `You will write the letter'
Example #15:

    b. *hosoratana ny taratasy ianao
    FUT-write- PASSIVE   2SG.GEN               the letter
    `The letter will be written by you'
Example #16:

    (20)      ho-soratra-ana (> hosoratana) ny taratasy
    FUT-write- PASSIVE                the letter
    `The letter will be written'
Example #17:

    (1)    mihevitra Rabe [fa         mitady     ny zaza Rasoa]
    think      Rabe that look.for the child Rasoa
    `Rabe thinks that Rasoa is looking for the child'
Example #18:

    (2)    *mihevitra [fa     mitady      ny zaza Rasoa]       Rabe
    think      that look.for the child Rasoa            Rabe
    (`Rabe thinks that Rasoa is looking for the child')
Example #19:

    (3)    heverin-dRabe     [fa     mitady       ny zaza Rasoa]
    think.PASS-Rabe that look.for the child Rasoa
    `That Rasoa is looking for the child is thought by Rabe'
Example #20:

    (4)    manomboka manasa          ny lamba       Rasoa
    begin          wash       the clothes    Rasoa
    `Rasoa is beginning to wash the clothes'
Example #21:

    (5)    mikiry     manasa     ny lamba        Rasoa
    intend     wash       the clothes     Rasoa
    `Rasoa intends to wash the clothes'
Example #22:

    (6)    *manomboka         Rasoa      manasa      ny lamba
    begin              Rasoa      wash        the clothes
    (`Rasoa is beginning to wash the clothes')
Example #23:

    (7)    ??mikiry Rasoa         manasa     ny lamba
    intend      Rasoa      wash       the clothes
    (`Rasoa intends to wash the clothes')
Example #24:

    (8)    manomboka sasan-dRasoa            ny lamba
    begin           wash.PASS-Rasoa the clothes
    `The clothes are beginning to be washed by Rasoa'
Example #25:

    (9)    mikiry      sasan-dRasoa      ny lamba
    intend      wash.PASS-Rasoa the clothes
    `#The clothes intend to be washed by Rasoa'
Example #26:

    (1) a. mihomehy Rasoa
    laugh.ACT Rasoa
    `Rasoa is laughing'
Example #27:

    b. iza    no       mihomehy?
    who PRT         laugh.ACT
    `Who is laughing?'
Example #28:

    (2) a. nividy ny mofo          ilay vehivavy
    buy. ACT the bread      that woman
    `That woman bought the bread'
Example #29:

    b. iza no        nividy ny mofo?
    who PRT       buy. ACT the bread
    `Who bought the bread yesterday?'
Example #30:

    (3) a. nividy ny mofo omaly             Rasoa
    buy. ACT the bread yesterday Rasoa
    `Rasoa bought the bread yesterday'
Example #31:

    (4) a. nividy ny mofo tany an-tsena Rasoa
    buy. ACT the bread there at-market Rasoa
    `Rasoa bought bread at the market'
Example #32:

    b. taiza no        nividy ny mofo Rasoa?
    where PRT       buy. ACT the bread Rasoa
    `Where did Rasoa buy the bread?'
Example #33:

    (5) a. novidin-dRasoa ny mofo
    buy. PASS-Rasoa the bread
    `The bread was bought by Rasoa'
Example #34:

    b. inona no        novidin-dRasoa?
    what PRT        buy. PASS-Rasoa
    `What was bought by Rasoa?'