ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Karimi, Simin (1999). Is Scrambling as Strange as We Think It Is?.

URL: http://minimalism.linguistics.arizona.edu/AMSA/PDF/AMSA-172-0900.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-29).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1426&langcode=pes (2018-10-21).

 

Example #1:

    a       man [VP ketāb-ā-ro       be Sepide           dād - am]
    I         book -pl - rā to S                  gave- 1sg
    `I gave the books to Sepide .'
Example #2:

    a.      momken-e [CP [TP un gol-ā-ro         be ki dāde bāsh-e ]]
    possible-3sg      she flower-pl-rā to who given be-3sg
    `To whom is it possible (that) she has given the flowers.'
Example #3:

    b.        [FocP [be KI]j ] [TopP [gol-ā-ro]i ]
    momken-e [CP [TP un ti tj dāde bāsh-e ]]
    Lit. It was to WHOM, as for the flowers, that she has
Example #4:

    (10)     a.       DIVAN-E HAFEZ-O      man ti barā Kimea         xarid-am
    DIVAN-E HAFEZ-RA      I        for K         bought-1sg
    `It was DIVAN-E HAFEZ that I bought for Kimea.'
Example #5:

    b.       be KIMEA man ti ye ketāb          dād-am
    to KIMEA I            a book       gave-1sg
    `It was to KIMEA that I gave a book.'
Example #6:

    (11)     hālā pro barā Sasan        nāme mi-nevis-an
    now       for Sasan         letter hab-write-3sg
    `Now they are writing letters for Sasan.'
Example #7:

    (12)     man un ketāb-ro be KIMEA dād-am
    I that book-rā to KIMEA gave-1sg
    `It was to KIMEA that I gave that book (not to Sasan).'
Example #8:

    (13)     a.       KIi      bā KIj pro fekr-mi-kon-i [CP ti tj be-raghs-e]
    WHO with WHO thought-hab-do-2sg          subj-dance-3sg
    Lit: It is WHO with WHO you think will dance?'
Example #9:

    (16)     a.        [se    tā KETAB]i man be Kimea ti dād-am
    three part BOOK         I to Kimea          gave-1sg
    SHIRTS).'
Example #10:

    (18)       a.      KIi pro fekr mi-kon-i [CP ti bā KI be-raghs-e]
    WHO     thought hab-do-2sg       with WHO subj-dance-3sg
    `WHO is it you think will dance with who?'
Example #11:

    (19)       KIi bā KIj pro fekr-mi-kon-i [CP ti tj be-raghs-e]
    WHO with WHO thought-hab-do-2sg         subj-dance-3sg
    Lit: It is WHO with WHO you think will dance?'
Example #12:

    (28)    [be SEPIDE]j      [ketāb-ā -ro]i man ti tj           dād - am
    to Sepide     book -pl - rā I                    gave- 1sg
    Lit. It was to SEPIDE , the books I gave .'
Example #13:

    (29)    [ketāb-ā -ro]i       [be SEPIDE]j man      ti tj         dād - am]]]
    book -pl-rā           to SEPIDE      I                     gave- 1sg
    'As for the books, it was to SEPIDE I gave (them).'
Example #14:

    (31)     man un ketāb-ro be KIMEA dād-am
    I that book-rā to KIMEA gave-1sg
    `It was to KIMEA that I gave that book (not to Sasan).'
Example #15:

    a.      Kimea goft [CP ke Sasan ketāb-ā-ro az Sepide xaride]
    K       said     that S     book-pl rā from S bought is
    `Kimea said that Sasan has bought the books from Sepide.'
Example #16:

    (36)     a.        Sasan fekr     mi-kon-e [CP ke KI in kār-ro karde ]
    S    thought hab-do-3sg that who this work-rā done is
    `Who does Sasan think has done this job?'
Example #17:

    (37)     a.        Sasani be-nazar mi-yād [CP ke ti xeyli bāhush bāshe ]
    S      to view hab-come that            very smart is
    Lit: Sasan seems that (he) is very smart.
Example #18:

    b.        KIi be-nazar mi-yād [CP ke ti xeyli bāhush bāshe ]
    who to view hab-come that          very smart is
    Lit: Who seems that (he) is very smart.'
Example #19:

    a.      Sasan be Kimea goft [CP ke pro ketāb-ro be Ali dāde]
    S       to K said         that       book rā to A given is
    'Sasan told Kimea that he has given the book to Ali.'
Example #20:

    (39)    a.       Sasan be Kimea goft [CP ke pro ketāb-ro be KI dāde]
    S      to K said         that book rā to WHO given is
    'To whom did Sasan tell Kimea that he has given the book?.'
Example #21:

    KI-ro     be-bus-an]
    who- rā subj-kiss-3pl
    'WHO did Kimea encourage the boys to kiss?'
Example #22:

    (42)     a.       bachche-hāi be nazar mi-yād [CP ke ti xaste bāsh-an ]
    child-pl     to view hab-come-3sg    that tired be-3pl
    'The children seem to be tired.'
Example #23:

    b.       [ketāb-ā-ro]i fekr mi-kon-am [CP ke Kimea ti xaride ]
    book-pl-rā thought hab-do-3sg that K           bought is
    Lit. As for the books, I think that Kimea has bought .
Example #24:

    c.       [be Ali]i fekr-mi-kon-am [CP ke Kimea mozu-ro ti gofte ]
    to Ali thought hab-do-1sg that K        subject-rā told is
    Lit: As for Ali, I think that Kimea has told the matter.
Example #25:

    fekr    kon-e [CP man ti be Sasan dād-am]]
    thought do-3sg         I        to S      gave-1sg
    have given (them) to Sasan.'
Example #26:

    [CP ke Sasan emruz kār ne-mi-kon-e]]]
    that S     today work neg-hab-do-3sg
    not work today.'
Example #27:

    Sasan emruz kār ne-mi-kon-e]]]
    S    today work neg-hab-do-3sg
    work today.'
Example #28:

    be Sasan gofte [CP ke pro ketāb-ā-ro ti be-d-e]]]]
    to S       said is   that      book-pl-rā    subj-give-3sg
    has told Sasan to give the books.
Example #29:

    pesar-ā-ro tashvigh karde [CP ke pro ti be-bus-an]]]]
    boy-pl-rā encouragement done is that            subj-kiss-3sg
    encouraged the boys to kiss.
Example #30:

    proi ketāb-ā-ro be Sasan dāde ]]
    book-pl-rā to Sasan given is
    the books to Sasan.'
Example #31:

    fekr mi-kon-e [CP ke proi ketāb-ā-ro tk dāde ]]
    thought hab-do-3sg that         book-pl-rā     given is
    books.
Example #32:

    (62)     a.       keyi Kimea goft ke Sepide ti xune xaride?
    when K       said that S           house bought is
    `When did Kimea say that Sepide has bought a house?'
Example #33:

    (63)              KIi   pro fekr mi-kon-i          [CP ti fardā   bi-yā-d]
    who         thought-hab-do-2sg       tomorrow subj-come-2sg
    `Who is it that you think will come tomorrow?'
Example #34:

    tu madrese bāsh-e]
    in school be-3sg
    `As for Kimea, they think (she) is at school today.'
Example #35:

    barande be-sh-e]]
    winner subj-become-3sg
    `It is KIMEA that I think they want to win.'