ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

DIMITRA PAPANGELI (2000). Clitic Doubling in Modern Greek.

URL: http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/PUB/WPL/00papers/papangeli.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1447&langcode=ell (2020-08-07).

 

Example #1:

    (1)   Ton          idha          to       Jani
    cl-3sg-m-acc saw-I         the      Jani-acc
    "I saw Jani"
Example #2:

    b. Tu Jani            polles fores tu                       exo          milisi
    the Jani-gen       many times cl-3sg-m-gen               have-1sg     talked
    "To Jani, I have talked"
Example #3:

    (7)    *O Janis      espase       tin     porta                      kai   i    Maria eftiakse ...
    the Jani broke-3sg the door-acc and the                       Maria fixed-3sg ...
    "Janis broke the door and Mary fixed ..."
Example #4:

    (i) a. [[Vlepo to                 Jani] [na        ton              sproxnun]]
    see-1sg the           Jani   subj      cl-3sg-m-acc push-3pl
    "I see Jani being pushed"
Example #5:

    (9)   a. *Afto     kani           ... na   katalavun        ti   akolouthi
    this      makes/leads ... SUBJ understand-3pl      what follows
    "This makes/leads to understand what follows"
Example #6:

    b. Afto     kani           tus anthropus na      katalavun   ti akoluthi
    this     makes/leads the-people-acc SUBJ understand-3pl what follows
    "This makes/leads the people to understand what follows"
Example #7:

    sto         heri]]
    in-the      hand-acc
    "I saw Jani being handed the money"
Example #8:

    (iii) [[Vlepo to       Jani]    [... na kolimbai]]
    see-1sg the Jani          ... subj swim-3sg
    "I see Jani swimming"
Example #9:

    c. Afto      tus        kani        na       katalavun  ti   akolouthi
    this      cl-3pl-acc makes/leads SUBJ understand-3pl what follows
    "This leads them to understand what follows"
Example #10:

    (11) a. I kali musiki se              simfilioni me              ton eafto su
    the good music cl-2sg-acc     reconciles with            the self cl-2sg-gen
    "Good music reconciles you with yourself"
Example #11:

    b. I kali musiki simfilioni tus anthropus me                ton eafto tus
    the good music reconciles the people-acc with            the self cl-3pl-m-gen
    "Good music reconciles people with themselves"
Example #12:

    c. *I kali musiki simfilioni      --- me           ton      eafto tu
    the good music reconciles      --- with         the      self cl-3sg-m-gen
    "Good music reconciles --- with oneself"
Example #13:

    dimenus            sta   mavra
    dressed-pl-m-acc in-the black-acc
    "In general, that famous painter paints people dressed in black"
Example #14:

    sta mavra
    in-the-black-acc
    "In general, that famous painter paints ... dressed in black"
Example #15:

    c. Afti i   musiki kani tus      anthropus eftixismenus
    this the music makes the      people-acc happy-pl-m-acc
    "This music renders/makes people happy"
Example #16:

    d. *Afti   i        musiki       kani       ... eftixismenus
    this    the      music        makes      ... happy-pl-m-acc
    "This music renders/makes people happy"
Example #17:

    (17) a. Ton                    idha          to     Jani
    cl-3sg-m-acc           saw-1sg       the    Jani-acc
    "I saw Jani"
Example #18:

    makria malia               na      perni tis       karameles
    long      hair-acc         subj    take-3sg the    sweets-acc
    "Janis saw the man with the long hair taking the sweets"
Example #19:

    malia     na     perni          tis karameles
    hair-acc subj    take-3sg       the sweets-acc
    "Janis saw the man with the long hair taking the sweets"
Example #20:

    b. O Janis idhe            afton     na perni                         tis karameles
    the Janis saw-3sghim-acc       subj take-3sg                       the sweets-acc
    "Janis saw him taking the sweets"
Example #21:

    c. O Janis ton             idhe      na perni                         tis karameles
    the Janis cl-3sg-m-acc saw-3sg subj take-3sg                       the sweets-acc
    "Janis saw him taking the sweets"
Example #22:

    malia     na      perni         tis              karameles
    hair-acc subj     take-3sg      the              sweets-acc
    "Janis saw this man with the long hair           taking the sweets"
Example #23:

    malia     na       perni          tis karameles
    hair-acc subj      take-3sg       the sweets-acc
    "Janis saw the man with the long hair taking the sweets"5
Example #24:

    na perni          tis   karameles
    subj take-3sg     the sweets-acc
    "Janis saw this man with the long hair taking the sweets"
Example #25:

    na perni          tis     karameles
    subj take-3sg     the     sweets-acc
    "Janis saw the man with   the long hair taking the sweets"
Example #26:

    trexun pros      ti       thalassa
    run-3pl towards the       sea-acc
    "Janis saw these men y   esterday running towards the sea"
Example #27:

    na        trexun pros           ti   thalassa
    subj      run-3pl towards       the sea-acc
    "Janis saw (yesterday) these men (yesterday) running towards the sea"
Example #28:

    nisiu          # na    trexete        pros           ti      thalassa
    island-gen     subj    run-2pl         towards       the     sea-acc
    "Janis saw y  ou yesterday, the sailors of the island, running towards the sea"
Example #29:

    (23) a. Tu                aresi            tu     Jani           i   musiki
    cl-3sg-m-gen      like-3sg         the    Jani-gen       the music-(nom)
    "Jani likes the music"
Example #30:

    sunagonismos, ala     dhen aresi       tu idhiu          i     apotixia
    competition, but neg like-3sg the same-m-gen the failure
    failure/failing"
Example #31:

    sunagonismos, ala     dhen tu          aresi     tu idhiu             i apotixia
    competition, but neg cl-sg-genlike-3sg the same-m-gen the failure
    failure/failing"
Example #32:

    (31) a. *Tu                   idha            to    Jani                   Case
    cl-3sg-m-gen          saw-1sg         the   Jani-acc
    "I saw Jani"
Example #33:

    b. Idha      ton     kipo          tu         spitiu
    saw-1sg the       garden-acc the           house-gen
    "I saw the garden of the house"
Example #34:

    c. *Ton                 idha ti        Maria                        Gender
    cl-3sg-m-acc         saw-I the      Maria-acc
    "I saw Maria"
Example #35:

    e. *Ton            idha                tus    andres                Number
    cl-3sg-m-acc    saw-1sg             the    men
    "I saw the men"
Example #36:

    f. Idha      ton      patera           ton    koritsion
    Saw-1sg the        father-acc       the    girls-gen
    "I saw the father of the girls"
Example #37:

    g. *Se      idha to            Jani                                 Person
    cl-2sg saw-1sgthe           Jani-acc
    "I saw Jani"
Example #38:

    h. Idha     ton      patera            sou
    saw-1sg the       father-acc        your-gen
    "I saw your father"
Example #39:

    (37) a. O Janis to               troi to kres                      apo to horio         tu
    the Janis cl-3sg-n-acc eats the meat-acc                   from the village-acc his-gen
    "Janis eats the meat from his village"
Example #40:

    b. Apo to horio             tu       o    Janis               to           troi        to kreas
    from the village-acc his-gen the Janis                     cl-3sg-n-acc eats        the meat-acc
    "From his village Janis eats meat"
Example #41:

    (40) a. Edhosa tu         Jani ta                  lefta
    gave-1sg the      Jani the                 money-acc
    "I gave Jani the money"
Example #42:

    b. Edhosa sto       Jani                     ta     lefta
    gave-I P-the Jani-acc                     the    money-acc
    "I gave the money to Jani"
Example #43:

    (41) a. Tu         edhosa       tu          Jani          ta       lefta
    cl-3sg-gen gave-1sg     the         Jani-gen      the      money-acc
    "I gave Jani the money"
Example #44:

    b. *Tu        edhosa       sto   Jani                ta       lefta
    cl-3sg-gen gave-1sg     P-the Jani-acc            the      money-acc
    "I gave the money to Jani"
Example #45:

    (42) ?Sto Jani # tu               ta          edhosa             ta      lefta
    to-the Jani           cl-3sg-gen       cl-3pl-acc    gave-1sg       the money-acc
    "To Jani, I gave him the money"