ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Bernd Heine (2001). Accounting for creole reflexive forms (Preliminary Version).

URL: http://www.pca.uni-siegen.de/doc/8/8.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1482&langcode=hat (2019-05-24).

 

Example #1:

    Jani     pale ak tèt-       lii
    (John     speak with head- his)
    'John   speaks with himself'
Example #2:

    Lii wè li/2
    he see him/her/it
    'S/he saw her(self)/him(self)/it'
Example #3:

    b      U     blese u
    (you hurt      you)
    'You hurt yourself'
Example #4:

    c      Emil blese       li
    (Emil hurt        him)
    'Emil hurt him', *'Emil hurt himself'
Example #5:

    a     u     dwe      ede   u
    (you should help you)
    `You should help yourself' [2 uR]
Example #6:

    b         Emil dwe       ede    li
    (Emil should help him)
    `Emil should help him (= preferred)/himself'[3 -R; (3 uR)]
Example #7:

    Jani pale ak tèt-         lii
    (John speak with head- his)
    'John speaks with himself'
Example #8:

    Emil tuye tèt- li
    (Emil killed head- his)
    'Emil killed himself'
Example #9:

    U blésé    kadav-       u
    (you hurt   head/body your)
    `You have hurt yourself'
Example #10:

    Emil blese tèt- li
    (Emil hurt     head- his)
    (b) 'Emil hurt his head'
Example #11:

    Emil tuye tèt- li
    (Emil kill      head- his)
    'Emil killed himself'
Example #12:

    Sèl pa        bezwen vante          tèt-  li
    salt NEG need            boast      head- 3:SG
    `Salt doesn't need to boast of itself'
Example #13:

    Sèl pa        bezwen     vante tèt- li
    salt NEG need            boast head- 3:SG
    `Salt doesn't need to   boast of itself'
Example #14:

    Mweni wè-        mi       mweni-            -mèm
    I         see-    me      me-                MÈM
    'I saw myself (emphatic)'
Example #15:

    Lii wè        li/j
    he see        him/her/it
    'S/he saw    her(self)/him(self)/it'