The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Robert D. Van Valin, Jr. (2005). Chapter 4.

URL: http://www.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/summerschool2002/Van5.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1485&langcode=ace (2018-10-22).


Example #1:

    (4.2) a. Gopnyan geu-mat ln./ geu-mat-ln.3                               NP A A-V(-U) NPU
    3sg       3A-hold 1sg/ 3A-hold-1sgU
    `(S)He holds me.'
Example #2:

    b. (Ln) ln-mat gopnyan.                                            NP A A-V(-U) NPU
    1sg 1sgA-hold 3sg
    I hold him/her.'
Example #3:

    c. (Gopnyan) geu-jak. / *gopnyan jak(-geuh).                         NP A A-V/*NPU V(-U)
    3sg         3A-go               go(-3U)
    `(S)He goes.'
Example #4:

    d. (Ln) ln-jak. / *ln jak(-ln)                                   NP A A-V/*NPU V(-U)
    1sg 1sgA-go           go(-1sgU)
    `I go.'
Example #5:

    e. Gopnyan rht(-geuh). / *gopnyan geu-rht                          NP U V(-U)/*NPA A-V
    3sg       fall(-3U)              3A-fall
    `(S)He falls.'
Example #6:

    f. Ln rht(-ln) / *ln ln-rht                                    NP U V(-U)/*NPA A-V
    1sg fall(-1sgU)       1sgA-fall
    `I fall.'
Example #7:

    (4.3) a. Gopnyan geu-tm [(*geu-)jak].                                           Actor of intransitive V
    3sg       3A-want (*3A-)go
    `(S)he wants to go.'
Example #8:

    b. Geu-tm [(*geu-)taguen bu].                                             Actor of transitive V
    3-want (*3A-)cook rice
    `She wants to cook rice.'
Example #9:

    c.*Gopnyan geu-tm [rht].                                                *Undergoer of intransitive V
    3sg       3A-want fall
    `(S)he wants to fall.'
Example #10:

    d.*Aneuk agam nyan ji-tm [geu-peurksa l dokto].                        *Undergoer of transitive V
    child male that 3A-want 3A-examine by doctor
    `That child wants to be examined by the doctor.'4
Example #11:

    b. Ln seunang-at.                                          Undergoer of intransitive V
    1sg happy-liver
    `I am happy.'
Example #12:

    c. Ka ln-tt     rumoh gopnyan.
    IN 1sgA-burn house 3sg
    `I burned her house.'
Example #13:

    e.*Gopnyan ka aneuk-woe.                                    *Actor of intransitive V
    3sg       IN child-return
    `His/her child returned.'
Example #14:

    (4.5) a. Gopnyan teunte [geu-woe].                                   Actor of intransitive V
    3sg         certain 3A-return
    `(S)he is certain to return.'
Example #15:

    b. Gopnyan teunte [meungang-geuh].                             Undergoer of intransitive V
    3sg          certain win-3U
    `(S)he is certain to win.'
Example #16:

    c. Gopnyan teunte [geu-beuet hikayat prang sabi].              Actor of transitive V
    3sg          certain 3A-recite epic
    `He is certain to recite the Prang Sabi epic.'
Example #17:

    d. Hikayat prang sabi teunte [geu-beuet].                      Undergoer of transitive V
    epic                  certain 3A-recite
    `The Prang Sabi epic is certain to be recited by him'