ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Michael Noonan (2003). Motion Events in Chantyal.

URL: http://www.uwm.edu/~noonan/Motion-Events.paper.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1537&langcode=chx (2018-07-18).

 

Example #1:

    na-s marak-ra latti-s li-si-r          bn    la-si   pin-ji
    I-erg door-dat kick-inst kick-ant-seq closed do-ant give-perf
    `I kicked the door shut'
Example #2:

    (10) na-s phurbal latti-s li-si-r               baks-nari w-i
    I-erg ball        kick-inst hit-ant-seq box-ines         enter-perf
    `I kicked the ball into the box'
Example #3:

    (11) balu n            d⼤ d⼤ la-gy ni ca-                   kha-i
    bear topic staggering do-prog little this.place-loc come-perf
    `Bear staggered a little ways over here'
Example #4:

    (12) phutt phutt la-gy day-muwari                     ya-i
    hopping           do-prog elder.brother-ades go-perf
    `He hopped toward his elder brother'
Example #5:

    (15) kyeti chana-pyara para-i
    girl roof-super           walk-perf
    `the girl walked on the roof'
Example #6:

    (16) kyata kyam- para-i
    boy path-loc walk-perf
    `the boy walked on/along the path'
Example #7:

    (17) na kadmandu-ri            par-gy ya-i
    I Kathmandu-loc walk-prog go-perf
    `I walked to Kathmandu'
Example #8:

    (18) gwara gw-gms dugri-gy gya-ri ya-i
    horse village-abl run-prog forest-loc go-perf
    `the horse ran from the village to the forest'
Example #9:

    (19) na kadmandu-ri            para-i
    I Kathmandu-loc walk-perf
    `I walked in/toward Kathmandu' [-ri has a static or route sense]
Example #10:

    (20) na kadmandu-ri            par-gy ya-i
    I Kathmandu-loc walk-prog go-perf
    `I walked to Kathmandu' [i.e. `I reached Kathmandu': -ri has a goal sense]
Example #11:

    naku cy                   dli-si-wa du-phyra cri-si-m
    dog afformentioned fall-ant-nom tree-super                climb-ant-npst
    `That dog has climbed on top of the fallen tree.'[X124]4
Example #12:

    bura-s          naku-ra tebl-phyra kar-si-m
    old.man-erg dog-dat table-super              put-ant-npst
    `the old man has put the dog on the table'
Example #13:

    (23) tem- sa-ye                 gri-ye bari na-i          ka-i
    house-loc earth-gen jar-gen load carry-ant bring-perf
    `[He] carried the load of earthenware jars home'
Example #14:

    (24) #caklt         baks-nari-gms pgli-i
    chocolate box-ines-abl            melt-perf
    `the chocolate melted out of the box'
Example #15:

    (25) caklt         pgli-gy baks-nari-gms t-i
    chocolate melt-prog box-ines-abl                go.out-perf
    `the chocolate melted out of the box'
Example #16:

    (29) ma-r            ka-i         t
    down-loc bring-perf fact
    `[She] brought it down'
Example #17:

    (30) tyla          na tu-       ya-wa-khi        n     ki are-
    yesterday I up-loc go-nom-cotemp topic you be.neg-impf
    `When I went up yesterday, you weren't there'
Example #18:

    (31) te-jam                   ya-si-m     tane
    that-side.of.gorge go-ant-npst affirmation
    `[He] has gone to that side of the gorge, right?'
Example #19:

    (32) tokhor n            c naku jyal-gm ma-r                ty-gy mu
    now       topic that dog window-abl down-loc fall-prog be.npst
    `Now the dog is falling down from the window.' [Y35]
Example #20:

    (33) c byakuta n btl-gms phiri t-wa la-si-m
    that toad        topic bottle-abl outside exit-nom do-ant-npst
    `the toad has begun to get out of the bottle.' [Y8]
Example #21:

    sya-gy       mu
    look.at-prog be.npst
    `The dog, running in front of the deer, is looking up at the boy.' [Y108]
Example #22:

    (35) c naku-s ajy pni tu- du-ra pale tharo la-si-r
    that dog-erg still also up-loc tree-loc leg           erect do-ant-seq
    `That dog is still also standing erect, legs up on the tree, and' [X52]
Example #23:

    (37) tim-nari-gms t-i
    house-ines-abl       exit-perf
    `[She] exited the house'
Example #24:

    pri-m
    happen-npst
    `Even all those clothes we wear have to be brought from down below.' [S61]
Example #25:

    (39) wu-te-jam-mar-gms                        kha-i
    yonder-that-side.of.gorge-circ-abl come-perf
    `[It] came from around that side of the gorge yonder'
Example #26:

    110.   c kyata n         c rttuwa-ye kpal-gams phwatt phutki-si-r
    that boy topic that deer-gen head-abl         slipping escape-ant-seq
    `the boy slips from the deer's head, and'
Example #27:

    111.   wucchtti-si-r
    be.ejected.away-ant-seq
    `is ejected away, and'
Example #28:

    112.   ma-r         ty-gy mu
    down-loc fall-prog be.npst
    `is falling downward.' [Y110-2]
Example #29:

    106.   dugri-wa durgri-wa n         la-si-r
    run-nom run-nom topic do-ant-seq
    `It [the deer] began to run and run, and'
Example #30:

    107.   ywta cyji para-ye tawko-ri to kha-si-m
    one      small cliff-gen edge-loc arrive come-ant-npst
    `has arrived at the edge of a small cliff.'
Example #31:

    thpp            rokki-wa-khir     n
    stopping.abruptly stop-nom-cotemp topic
    `Then when the deer now stops abruptly at the edge of the cliff,'
Example #32:

    110.   c kyata n      c rttuwa-ye kpal-gams phwatt phutki-si-r
    that boy topic that deer-gen head-abl            slipping escape-ant-seq
    `the boy slips from the deer's head, and'
Example #33:

    111.    wucchtti-si-r
    be.ejected.away-ant-seq
    `is ejected away, and'
Example #34:

    112.    ma-r         ty-gy mu
    down-loc fall-prog be.npst
    `is falling downward.' [Y106-12]
Example #35:

    2.      ci-si-wa         pcchim-gms pcchim-gm chyantu-ri                 kha-i
    stay-ant-nom west-abl              west-abl       Chhyantung-loc come-ant
    `From the west where they had lived, having come to Chhyantung from the west,'
Example #36:

    3.      ci-i
    stay-perf
    `they stayed.'
Example #37:

    4.      chyantu-gms jikhani jikhani-ri               kha-i
    Chhyantung-abl Jhing Khani jhing Khani-loc come-perf
    `From Chhyantung, Jhing Khani... we came to Jhing Khani.'
Example #38:

    5.      ni-i jikhani-ri
    we-gen Jhing Khani-loc
    `To our Jhing Khani.'
Example #39:

    6.      c-ra       te-r             jia-s kap-si-wa      bulbari-ri ci-i
    that-temp that.place-loc fly-erg cover-ant-nom garden-loc stay-perf
    `After that, in that place, we stayed in a garden covered with flies.'
Example #40:

    7.      bulbari-gm jikhani-ri          yra      kyla-ky kha-wa-khiri
    garden-abl Jhing Khani-loc hunting play-prog come-nom-cotemp
    `When we came hunting from the garden to Jhing Khani,'
Example #41:

    8.      jia-s kap-sy-           daw mara-i
    fly-erg cover-ant-nom ore see-perf
    `we saw the ore that the flies covered.' [V2-8]
Example #42:

    ma-r-s          dara-mar lskr lagi-gy           to-r     ya-wa mara-wa
    down-loc-abl hill-circ        file   happen-prog up-loc go-nom see-nom
    in a file from down below at the Sakho resting place.' [R72]
Example #43:

    to-r      tim-nas ya-wa mara-i-r
    up-loc house-all go-nom see-ant-seq
    toward the house, and' [R87]