ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Tibor Laczko (2002). CONTROL AND COMPLEX EVENT NOMINALS IN HUNGARIAN.

URL: http://csli-publications.stanford.edu/LFG/7/lfg02laczko-num.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-01-02).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1560&langcode=hun (2019-08-20).

 

Example #1:

    (1)     a. A fiú újra elkezd-ett kiabál-ni.
    the boy.nom again start-PAST.3SG.INDEF shout-INF
    `The boy started to shout again.'
Example #2:

    b. A fiú újra elkezd-t-e a kiabál-ás-t.
    the boy again start-PAST-3SG.DEF the shout-DEV-acc
    `The boy started the shouting again.'
Example #3:

    (2)     a. A fiú újra elkezd-t-e énekel-ni a dal-t.
    the boy.nom again start-PAST-3SG.DEF sing-INF the song-acc
    `The boy started to sing the song again.'
Example #4:

    b. A fiú újra elkezd-t-e a dal énekl-és-é-t.
    the boy.nom again start-PAST-3SG.DEF the song.nom sing-DEV-its-acc
    `The boy started the singing of the song again.'
Example #5:

    (3)     a. a kiabál-ás
    the shout-DEV
    `the shouting'                                     (SUBJ PRO)
Example #6:

    b. a fiú kiabál-ás-a
    the boy.nom shout-DEV-his
    `the boy's shouting'                               (the boy: POSS)
Example #7:

    (4)     a. a dal énekl-és-e
    the song.nom sing-DEV-its
    `the singing of the song'                          (SUBJ PRO, the song: POSS)
Example #8:

    b. a dal Edit által-i énekl-és-e
    the song.nom Edith by-AFF sing-DEV-its
    `the singing of the song by Edith'                 (the song: POSS, by Edith: OB
Example #9:

    (5)     a. Gyz-ni kell.
    win-INF must
    `It is necessary to win.'
Example #10:

    b. Gyz-ni-e kell.
    win-INF-3SG must
    `It is necessary for him to win.'
Example #11:

    c. János-nak/Neki gyz-ni/gyz-ni-e kell.
    John-dat/he.dat win-INF/win-INF-1PL must
    `It is necessary for John/him to win.'
Example #12:

    (9)        a. A fiú elkezd-t-e a kocog-ás-t.
    the boy.nom start-PAST-3SG.DEF the jog-DEV-acc
    'The boy started (the) jogging.'
Example #13:

    b. A fiú elkezd-t-e a levél ír-ás-á-t.
    the boy.nom start-PAST-3SG.DEF the letter.nom write-DEV-its-acc
    `The boy started (the) writing of the letter.'
Example #14:

    (10)       a. A lány rábeszél-t-e a fiú-t a kocog-ás-ra.
    the girl.nom talk.into-PAST-3SG.DEF the boy-acc the jog-DEV-onto
    `The girl talked the boy into (the) jogging.'
Example #15:

    b. A lány rábeszél-t-e a fiú-t a levél ír-ás-á-ra.
    the girl.nom talk.into-PAST-3SG.DEF the boy.acc the letter.nom write-DEV-its-onto
    `The girl talked the boy into (the) writing of the letter.'
Example #16:

    (11)       a. A lány ráerltet-t-e a fiú-ra a kocog-ás-t.
    the girl.nom force-PAST-3SG.DEF the boy-onto the jog-DEV-acc
    `The girl forced (the) jogging onto the boy.'
Example #17:

    b. A lány rábíz-t-a a fiú-ra a levél ír-ás-á-t.
    the girl.nom entrust-PAST-3SG.DEF the boy-onto the letter.nom write-DEV-its-acc
    `The girl entrusted (the) writing of the letter to the boy.'
Example #18:

    (12)       Kati darab-ok-ra tör-t-e a játék-a-i-t.
    Kate.nom piece-PL-onto smash-PAST-3SG.DEF the toy-her-PL-acc
    `Kate smashed her toys to pieces.'
Example #19:

    (13)    *Kati a padló-ra tör-t-e a játék-a-i-t.
    Kate.nom the floor-onto smash-PAST-3SG.DEF the toy-her-PL-acc
    `*Kate smashed her toys onto the floor.'
Example #20:

    (14)    A lány rábeszél-t-e a fiú-t a zöld sapká-ra.
    the girl.nom talk.into-PAST-3SG.DEF the boy.acc the green cap-onto
    `The girl talked the boy into the green cap.'
Example #21:

    (15)    a. A kocog-ás után a fiú iv-ott egy kólá-t.
    the jog-DEV after the boy.nom drink-PAST.3SG.INDEF a coke-acc
    'After (the) jogging the boy drank a coke.'
Example #22:

    b. A levél meg-ír-ás-a után a fiú iv-ott egy kólá-t.
    the letter.nom PERF-write-DEV-its after the boy.nom drink-PAST.3SG.INDEF a coke-acc
    'After (the) writing of the letter the boy drank a coke.'
Example #23:

    (17)     a. A dokumentum megsemmisít-és-e mindenki-t meglep-ett.
    the document.nom destroy-DEV-its everybody-acc surprise-PAST.3SG.INDEF
    'The destruction of the document surprised everybody.'
Example #24:

    b. A dokumentum-nak a fiú által-i megsemmisít-és-e mindenki-t meglep-ett.
    PAST.3SG.INDEF
    'The destruction of the document by the boy surprised everybody.'
Example #25:

    c. A hír mindenki-t meglep-ett.
    the news.nom everybody-acc surprise-PAST.3SG.INDEF
    'The news surprised everybody.'
Example #26:

    (i)       János fárad-ni látsz-ott.
    John.nom get.tired-INF appear-PAST.3SG.INDEF
    `John seemed to be getting tired.'
Example #27:

    (ii)      ??János fut-ni látsz-ott (a kert-ben).
    John.nom run-INF appear-PAST.3SG.INDEF the garden-in
    `John seemed to be running (in the garden).'
Example #28:

    (iii)     Lát-t-am János-t könyv-et olvas-ni.
    see-PAST-1SG John-acc book-acc read-INF
    ca. `I saw John involved in book-reading.'
Example #29:

    (iv)      ??Lát-t-am János-t ez-t a könyv-et olvas-ni.
    see-PAST-1SG John-acc this-acc the book-acc read-INF
    `I saw John reading this book.'
Example #30:

    (v)       *Hisz-em János-t haldokol-ni / szeret-ni a zené-t.
    believe-PRES.1SG John-acc be.dying-INF like-INF the music-acc
    `I believe John to be dying / to like music.'
Example #31:

    (vi)     János megpróbál-t fut-ni / level-ek-et ír-ni.
    John try-PAST.3SG.INDEF run-INF / letter-PL-acc write-INF
    `John tried to run / write letters.'
Example #32:

    (vii)    *Az igazgató utasít-otta János-t fut-ni / level-ek-et ír-ni.
    the manager.nom order-PAST.3SG.DEF John-acc run-INF / letter-PL-acc write-INF
    `The manager ordered John to run / to write letters.'
Example #33:

    (viii)    Az igazgató utasít-otta János-t a fut-ás-ra / level-ek ír-ás-á-ra.
    onto
    `The manager ordered John to run / to write letters.'
Example #34:

    (23)    a. A professzor elkezd-te a beteg operáció-já-t.
    the professor.nom start-PAST.3SG.DEF the patient.nom operation-his-acc
    `The professor started the patient's operation.'
Example #35:

    b. A professzor elkezd-te az operáció-t.
    the professor.nom start-PAST.3SG.DEF the operation-acc
    `The professor started the operation.'
Example #36:

    c. A professzor elkezd-te az eladás-t.
    the professor.nom start-PAST.3SG.DEF the lecture-acc
    `The professor started the lecture.'