The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

MARTIN HASPELMATH (2004). Coordinating constructions.

URL: http://email.eva.mpg.de/~haspelmt/2004coo.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1605&langcode=hau (2021-10-23).


Example #1:

    Abd nee d Muusaa suk                  tfi. (=Abd d Muusaa ne suk tfi.)
    Abdu COP and Musa              3PL.PFV go
    `It is Abdu and Musa who went.'
Example #2:

    Abd yaa        tfi    d       Blki an    ba     *Abd/Blki        lloo.
    Abdu 3SG.M.PFV go school         with Balki IMPS.PFV give Abdu/Balki board
    `Abdu went to school with Balki, and a board was given to *Abdu/Balki.'
Example #3:

    a. Naa      ganee =sh             d     bikkiy-r -sh.
    1SG.PFV see    =3SG.M.OBJ       with   friend-of-3SG.     M
    'I saw him with his friend.   '
Example #4:

    b. Naa      ganee shii             d     bikkiy-r -sh.
    1SG.PFV see    he               and    friend-of-3SG.     M
    'I saw him and his friend.'
Example #5:

    muu d shii
    we with he
    'he and me' (or: he and us')
Example #6:

    Mun jee kasuwaa d          Abd.
    1PL.PFV go market with Abdu
    'Abdu and I went to the market.'
Example #7:

    (47) a. Yaa        zoo    nanny (tare) d                  yara-n-sh.
    3SG.M.PFV come here          together with            children-of-3      SG.M
    He came here with his children.'
Example #8:

    (48) a. Abd yaa            kash kree d       mussa.
    Abdu 3SG.M.     PFV kill   dog and       cat
    'Abdu killed    the dog and the cat.'
Example #9:

    b. *D mussa      km,     Abd yaa                kash kree        _.
    and cat         indeed Abdu 3SG.M       . P FV   kill  dog
    `And the cat,   Abdu killed the dog      _.`
Example #10:

    c. (Hausa)     rkrkitaccen dooki d  jakii
    confused.SG horse and            donkey
    'confused horse and confused donkey'