The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Steve Franks (2005). Bulgarian Clitics are Positioned in the Syntax.

URL: http://www.cogs.indiana.edu/people/homepages/franks/Bg_clitics_remark_dense.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1621&langcode=bul (2019-07-19).


Example #1:

    (3) a. Vcera      si        mu              gi          pokazvala.
    yesterday aux.2SG him.DAT            them.ACC    shown.FEM
    `You have shown him them yest        erday.'
Example #2:

    b. Pokazvala si         mu              gi.
    shown.FEM aux.2SG him.DAT            them.ACC
    `You have shown him them.'
Example #3:

    c. Pokazvala mu         gi               e.
    shown.FEM him.DAT them.ACC           aux.3SG
    `She has shown him them.'
Example #4:

    b. Kakvo    bese        Ivan procel?
    what     had .3SG Ivan read.MASC
    `What    had Ivan read?'
Example #5:

    (8) Bese      mu          ja  procela.
    had.3SG him.DAT it.ACC read.FEM
    `She had read it to him.'
Example #6:

    (10) a. Bese        opredeleno       procela  knigata.
    had.3SG     definitely       read.FEM book.DEF
    `She had   definitely read the book.'
Example #7:

    (11) a. Bese      li Marija kupila         kāsta?
    had.3SG Q Maria bought.FEM house
    `Had Maria bought a house?'
Example #8:

    b. Kupila       li (*Marija) bese         (Marija)           kāsta?
    bought.FEM Q Maria          had.3SG Maria                 house
    `Had Maria BOUGHT a house?'
Example #9:

    (12) a. Pokazvala      li si        mu              gi?
    showed.FEM Q aux.2SG him.DAT                them.   ACC
    `Have you shown them to him?'
Example #10:

    b. Pokazvala      li mu        gi              e?
    showed.FEM Q him. DAT them.ACC              aux.3SG
    `Has she shown them to him?'
Example #11:

    (19) a. Novata     kola li         prodade?
    new.DEF car       Foc sold.2/3SG
    `Was it the new car that she/he/you sold?'
Example #12:

    b. Sāvsem         nova li        roklja nosese?
    completely     new Foc dress wore.2/3SG
    `Was it a completely new dress that she/he/you were wearing?
Example #13:

    c. Koj    kakvo li       kupuva?
    who what Foc buys.3SG
    `(I wonder) who is buying what?
Example #14:

    ( i)   Tova, koeto pravi nestata interesni,         e,      ce        toj ...
    that   which makes things interest ing       is      that      he
    `That which makes things interesting is that he ...'
Example #15:

    (20) a. Petko, edin moj prijatel, mi                  go        dade.
    Peter a         my      friend     me.DAT him.ACC gave
    `Petko, a friend of mine, gave it to me.'
Example #16:

    b. Ako njakoj,         kojto e s         men, mi           dade njakolko          cipa ...
    if      someone who is with me                me.DAT gives several             chips
    `If someone, who is with me, gives me some chips ...'
Example #17:

    c. Ivan, spored        Marija,    go         vizdam    vseki den.
    Ivan according Maria           him.ACC see.1SG every day
    `(Talking about) Ivan, according to Maria, I see him every day.'
Example #18:

    d. Sled kato si          zivjal dosta s      edna zena, ja         poznavas      mnogo dobre.
    after as aux.2SG lived enough with a            woman her.ACC know.2SG        very well
    `After you have lived with a woman enough, you know her very well.'
Example #19:

    (26) Bese      mu          ja  procela.
    had.3SG him.DAT it.ACC read.FEM
    `She had read it to him.'
Example #20:

    b. *Te sa,            kakto ti        kazax, predstavili se         na   Petār. [Bg]
    they aux.3 PL      as     you.DAT  said.1SG introduced refl.ACC to    Peter
    `They, as I told   you, introducedthemselves to Peter.'
Example #21:

    (34) ?Procela bese       mu        ja,      (a         ne razkazala).
    read.FEM had.3SG him.DAT it.ACC and               not told
    `She had READ it to him (and not told).'
Example #22:

    (35) Procela (*vece)     mu       ja    bese.
    read.FEM already    him.DAT it.ACC had.3        SG
    `She had already READ the book.'
Example #23:

    (39) Ste        mu           ja    bāda procela.
    will       him.DAT it.ACC fut.1SG read.FEM
    `I will have read it to him.'
Example #24:

    (40) a. Tja          mu         bila          kazala      vsicko.
    she          him.DAT ren.FEM          told.FEM all
    `(They       say although I suspect   its veracity, that) she had told him every