The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Angelika Kratzer (2004). Indefinites and the Operators they Depend on.

URL: http://semanticsarchive.net/Archive/2IxM2I5N/Indefinites%20and%20their%20Operators.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1689&langcode=deu (2020-08-11).


Example #1:

    (12)      (a)   * Was hat sie nicht wem          gezeigt?
    What has she not      who-dat shown
    `What didn't she show to whom?'
Example #2:

    (13)   a.      Hans hat irgendwas     gesagt.
    Hans has irgend+what said
    `John said something or other ­ he didn't care what it was.'
Example #3:

    b.      Wer hat irgendwas     gesagt?
    Who has irgend+was said
    `Who said anything at all?'
Example #4:

    c.      Sag irgendwas!
    Say irgend+what
    `Say something or other, it doesn't matter what!'
Example #5:

    b.      Niemand hat irgendwas         gesagt.
    Nobody has irgend+what said
    `Nobody said anything at all.'
Example #6:

    c.      Niemand hat einfach (nur) irgendwas       gesagt.
    Nobody has simply (only) irgend+what said
    `Nobody said just anything.'
Example #7:

    (15)    a.      Irgendein Kind kann sprechen.
    Irgend-one child can talk
Example #8:

    b.      Wenn Hans wollte,          könnte er irgendwas       tun.
    If      Hans wanted to could        he irgend+what do
    `If Hans wanted to, he could do something or other.'
Example #9:

    (16)    Mary musste irgendeinen Arzt         heiraten.
    Mary had to irgend-one doctor marry.
    permitted option.
Example #10:

    (17)    Mary musste einen Arzt      heiraten.
    Mary had to a       doctor marry.
    Mary had to marry a doctor.
Example #11:

    (18)     Niemand musste irgendjemand heiraten.
    Nobody had to irgend-body          marry.
    Nobody had to marry anybody.
Example #12:

    (23)     Du   musst irgendwem         irgendwas     schenken.
    You must irgend-one-dat irgend-thing give
    `You must give something or other to somebody or other as a gift.'
Example #13:

    (24)    Du kannst nicht einfach nur irgendwem             irgendwas      schenken.
    You can      not simply only irgend-one-Dat irgend-thing give
    `You can't just give any-old-thing to any-old-body as a gift.'