ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

BARDAL,JÓHANNA (2005). OBLIQUE SUBJECTS: A GERMANIC INHERITANCE.

URL: http://www.hf.uib.no/forskerskole/doktorandkonferanse/Sample-handout.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-01-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1735&langcode=deu (2020-08-11).

 

Example #1:

    b. Mir ist kalt.                                                 German
    me-DAT is cold
    `I'm freezing.'
Example #2:

    b. Mir wurde geholfen.                                           German
    me-DAT was helped
    `I was helped.'
Example #3:

    c. Johannes versprach, ___ sich nicht zu wiederholen.     German
    Johannes-NOM promised, PRO-NOM self-REFL not to repeat
    `John promised not to repeat himself.'
Example #4:

    ihn zu stören.
    him-ACC to bother-INF
    `This nerve has the ability to bother him.'
Example #5:

    (28) a. Uns wird von der Polizei geholfen.                           Passive
    us-DAT is by the police helped
    `We are helped by the police.'
Example #6:

    b. *Wir möchten von der Polizei ___ geholfen werden.            PRO-infinitive
    we-NOM want by the police PRO-DAT helped be-INF
    Intended meaning:`We want to be helped by the police.'
Example #7:

    c. Wir möchten nicht von der Polizei ___ gesehen werden.        PRO-infinitive
    we-NOM want not by the police PRO-NOM seen be
    `We do not want to be seen by the police.'
Example #8:

    (29) a. Er kam und ___ wurde verhaftet.                             Conj. reduction
    he-NOM came and Ø-NOM was arrested
    `He came and was arrested.'
Example #9:

    b. *Er kam und ___ wurde geholfen.                             Conj. reduction
    he-NOM came and Ø-DAT was helped
    Intended meaning:`He came and was helped.'
Example #10:

    (30) a. Er kam nach Hause und ___ ging sofort ins Bett.             Nominative
    he-NOM came to home and Ø-NOM went immediately to bed
    `He came home and went to bed straight away.'
Example #11:

    b. Mich hungert nach Süssigkeiten und ___ dürstet nach Flüssigkeiten.
    me.ACC longs for sweets and Ø-ACC thirsts for liquids        Accusative
    `I have a craving for sweets and liquid.'
Example #12:

    (31) a. Mir grauet vor mir selbst.
    me-DAT shudders for me self
    `I have a horror of myself.'
Example #13:

    b. Ihn ekelt vor sich selbst;
    him-ACC disgusts for self self
    `He feels disgusted by himself;'
Example #14:

    c. ... und was man für Angst hat und wie es einem graust vor sich selber ...
    and what one for fear has and how it one-DAT shudders for self self
    yourself...'           (www.andrip.de/kind/gutacht/2423gean.rtf, 1992)
Example #15:

    sein bedeutet, jemandem zu helfen ...
    be means somebody.dat to help
    the feeling of being helped. To be a member means to help others ...'
Example #16:

    Henker ist ein Opfer.
    executioner is a victic
    to be forgiven. Then even the executioner is a victim.'
Example #17:

    um ___ nicht übel zu werden.
    in order PRO.dat not sick to be(come).inf
    sick.'
Example #18:

    es in der Bundesrepublik ... nicht.
    there in the Federal-Republic...not.
    exist in Germany.' (www.freitag.de/2002/45/02450402.php, 2002)
Example #19:

    werden.
    be(come).inf
    to be contradicted by experience.'
Example #20:

    (33) a. *Ich versuchte, ___ diese Damen zu gefallen.             German
    I-NOM tried PRO-DAT these ladies-NOM to please-INF
    Intended meaning:`I tried to like these ladies.'
Example #21:

    (34) a. Ich versuchte, ___ diesen Damen zu gefallen.             German
    I-NOM tried PRO-NOM these ladies-DAT to please-INF
    `I tried to please these ladies.'
Example #22:

    (35) a. (*)Wir möchten ___ von der Polizei geholfen werden.         PRO-infinitive
    we-NOM want PRO-DAT by the police helped be-INF
    Intended meaning:`We want to be helped by the police.'
Example #23:

    (36) a. *Ihr gelang es ___ nicht gefolgt zu werden.                 German
    she-DAT managed it PRO-DAT not followed to be-INF
    Intended meaning: `She managed not to be followed.'