ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Shi-Zhe Huang (1996). QUANTIFICATION AND PREDICATION IN MANDARIN CHINESE.

URL: http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~ircs/download/techreports/1996/96-36.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1772&langcode=cmn (2018-07-19).

 

Example #1:

    (2)    meiyige    ren     *(dou) kan le    zheiben shu.
    every-MW person dou       read LE this-MW book
    "Every person read this book."
Example #2:

    (3)    meiyige    xuesheng *(dou) biye          le.
    every-MW student        dou    graduate LE
    "Every student graduated."
Example #3:

    (4)    meiyige    chushi zuo yige         cai.
    every-ME chef       make one-MW dish
    "Every chef makes a dish."
Example #4:

    (5)    meiyige    haizi you ziji de     chuang.
    every-ME child has self DE bed.
    "Every child has his own bed."
Example #5:

    (6)    meiyige    gexing       hong le    yi     nian.
    every-ME singing-star red      LE one year
    "Every singing star was popular for a year."
Example #6:

    (9)     tamen dou hen xiangxiang/dou shi tongxue.
    they dou very alike      /dou       be   classmate
    "They are all alike/all classmates."
Example #7:

    (11)   *Zhangsan he     Lisi dou hen xiangxiang.
    Zhangsan and Lisi dou very alike
    "*Zhangsan and Lisi are both alike."
Example #8:

    (13)   Zhangsan he    Lisi dou hen congming.
    Zhangsan and Lisi dou very smart
    "Zhangsan and Lisi are both smart."
Example #9:

    (14)    Zhangsan xue     Zhongwen dou xue         le san    nian le.
    Zhangsan study Chinese       dou study    LE three year LE
    "Zhangsan has studied Chinese for three years."
Example #10:

    (32)   meiyige    nuhai chang le      yige     ge.
    every-MW girl    sing       LE one-MW song
    'Every girl sang a song.'
Example #11:

    (34)   meiyige   houxuanren tan-le-tan     ziji.
    every-MW candidate     talk-LE-talk self.
    'Every candidate talked about himself/herself.'
Example #12:

    (36)   *meiyige       xuesheng   xihuan zheiben shu.
    every-ME student          like    this-ME book
    Intended meaning: 'Every student likes this book.'
Example #13:

    (37)   Lisi   chi le     yige     pingguo.
    Lisi   eatLE one-MW apple
    'Lisi ate an apple.'
Example #14:

    (38)   Lisi chi le.
    Lisi ateLE
    'Lisi ate.'
Example #15:

    (39)    meiyige    houzi      chi le     yige   xiangjiao.
    every-MW monkey eatLE one-MW banana
    'Every monkey ate a banana.'
Example #16:

    (40)    *meiyige    houzi      chi le.
    every-MW monkey eatLE
    'Every monkey ate.'
Example #17:

    (46)   meiyige    xuesheng dou xihuan zheiben shu.
    every-ME student      dou like        this-ME book
    'Every student likes this book.'
Example #18:

    (51)   Lao Zhang, Lao Li, Lao Wang zuotian      (dou) jian le mian.
    Lao Zhang, Lao Li, Lao Wang yesterday (dou) see LE face
    'Lao Zhang, Lao Li, Lao Wang (all) met yesterday.'
Example #19:

    (52)   Lao Zhang he   Lao Wang (*dou) jian le    mian.
    Lao Zhang and Lao Wang       dou see LE face
    'Lao Zhang and Lao Wang (*both) met.'
Example #20:

    (56)   wenge                de     shihou,      zai Wuhan,
    Cultural Revolution DE time              in Wuhan
    'During (the time of) the Cultural Revolution, in Wuhan'
Example #21:

    shijian.
    incident
    'Every child witnessed a beating incident.'
Example #22:

    daren      shijian.
    Beat-person incident
    'Every child witnessed a beating incident.'
Example #23:

    yishou    Wang Wei de         shi.)
    one-MW Wang Wei DE poem
    Du Fu, and Wangwu recites one by Wang Wei.)'
Example #24:

    ming     yue    guang....")
    bright moon light...."
    'In this kindergarten, every child can recite a Tang poem.
Example #25:

    laosan    ne, mi              Mao Amin)
    old-three NE, take-fancy Mao Amin
    Mao Amin).'
Example #26:

    (xin-     bu- xin       you    ni,   jiushi Cui Jian na!)
    believe-not-believe up-to you, it-is        Cui Jian NA
    fancy of a singing star. (Believe it or not, it's Cui Jian!)'
Example #27:

    liangjin     zhong de      yu, meiren       yitiao
    two-catty heavy DE fish, everybody one-piece
    everybody is guaranteed a piece.'
Example #28:

    nongxu-zuojia !
    cheating
    allowed!'
Example #29:

    (62)   meige       ren    dou bei yige     nuren zhuazou le.
    every-MW person dou by one-MW woman arrest            LE
    'Every person was arrested by a woman.'
Example #30:

    (66)    ??Lisi xihuan meiyige            laoshi.   7
    Lisi love      every-MW teacher
    'Lisi likes every teacher.'
Example #31:

    (68)   meiyige    laoshi Lisi dou xihuan.
    every-MW teacher Lisi dou like
    'Lisi likes every teacher.'
Example #32:

    (69)   Lisi ba meiyiben shu          dou kan-wan   le.
    Lisi BA every-MW book dou read-finish LE
    'Lisi finished reading every book.'
Example #33:

    (70)    women jingli           gei le       meiyige       daibiao      yige    liwu.
    we        manager give LE every-MW delegate a-MW gift
    'Our manager gave every delegate a gift.'
Example #34:

    (71)   *women jingli         gei le yige    daibiao   meiyige liwu.
    we      manager give LE a-MW delegate every           gift
    'Our manager gave a delegate every gift.'
Example #35:

    (72)   women jingli     song le yige      liwu gei meiyige      daibiao.
    we       manager give    LE a-MW gift    to    every-MW delegate
    'Our manager gave a gift to every delegate.'
Example #36:

    daibiao.
    delegate
    'Our manager gave every gift to a delegate.'
Example #37:

    (77)   wo xihuan [[ mei-ge      xuesheng xie        t ] de   wenzhang]
    I       like    every-MW student     write      DE article
    'I like articles that every student writes.'
Example #38:

    (78)   *wo xihuan [[mei-ge     xuesheng dou xie t ] de wenzhang]
    I    like   every-MW student dou write        DE article
    Intended meaning: 'I like articles that every student writes.'
Example #39:

    (80)   wo xihuan [[mei-ge      xuesheng xuanzhongt] de wenzhang]
    I   like     every-MW student        choose        DE article
    'I like articles that every student chose.'
Example #40:

    wenzhang]
    article
    'I like articles that every student chose.'
Example #41:

    (i)      ??meiyizhi     mao zhua dao         le shenme ?
    every-MW cat catch-accomplish LE what
    'What did every cat catch?'
Example #42:

    chuiniu.
    brag
    'Every boy who has kissed a girl will brag (about it).'
Example #43:

    c. Zhangsan chang le           ge        ye tiao   le    wu.
    Zhangsan sing          LE song ye dance LE dance
    'Zhangsan sang and danced.'
Example #44:

    (3)    a. Zhangsan zou         le.   Lisi ye      zou     le.
    Zhangsan leave LE. Lisi also leave LE
    'Zhangsan left. Lisi also left.'
Example #45:

    b. Zhangsan he       Lisi dou zou           le.
    Zhangsan and Lisi dou leave LE
    'Zhangsan and Lisi both left.'
Example #46:

    (4)    meiyige     laoshi      dou zou      le.
    every-MW teacher dou leave LE
    'Every teacher left.'
Example #47:

    zheifeng xin.
    this-MW letter
    letter.'
Example #48:

    b. Zhangsan he     Lisi (*dou) shao le zheifeng    xin.
    Zhangsan and Lisi (dou) burn LE this-MW          letter
    *'Zhangsan and Lisi both burned this letter.'
Example #49:

    (13)     a. Zhangsan, Lisi, Wangwu dou chang le ge.
    Zhangsan, Lisi, Wangwu dou sing              LE song
    'Zhangsan, Lisi, and Wangwu all sang.'
Example #50:

    b. tamen dou chang le             ge.
    they     dou sing       LE song
    'They all sang.'
Example #51:

    c. haizi men dou chang le               ge.
    child PL. dou sing          LE song
    'The children all sang.'
Example #52:

    (16)   haizi men chang le       ge.
    child PL. sing       LE song
    'The children sang.'
Example #53:

    (17)   a. dabufen de    ren    dou zou     le.
    most      DE person dou leave LE
    'Most people left.'
Example #54:

    b. henduo ren      dou zou    le.
    many    person dou leave LE
    'Many people left.'
Example #55:

    bing le.
    sick    LE
    'Yesterday an old man and an old woman (*both) got sick.'
Example #56:

    (21)     Zhangsan xue         Zhongwen dou xue            le san nian le.    10
    Zhangsan study       Chinese      dou study      LE three year LE
    'Zhangsan has studied Chinese for three years.'
Example #57:

    san     nian, ta    xianzai mei xue      le.
    three year, he      now    not study LE
    studying it any more.'
Example #58:

    (23)   Zhangsan xue         Zhongwen hai mei xue           san        nian.
    Zhangsan study Chinese         still not       study three year
    'Zhangsan has not studied Chinese for three years yet.'
Example #59:

    (25)   Zhangsan xue      Zhongwen (*dou) xue     le san     nian.
    Zhangsan study Chinese       (*dou) study LE three year
    'Zhangsan studied Chinese for three years.'
Example #60:

    (26)   a. zheiduo huar dou       hong le.
    this-MW flower DOU red            LE
    'This flower is red already.'
Example #61:

    b. wo nuer         dou yijing      cong daxue biye        le.
    mydaughter dou already from college graduate LE
    'My daughter has already graduated from college.'
Example #62:

    (i)    Zhangsan xue     Zhongwen yijing (*dou) xue         le san   nian.
    Zhangsan study Chinese already dou study LE three            year
    'Zhangsan already studied Chinese for three years.'
Example #63:

    (31)   Zhangsan ye     zou   le,   Lisi ye   zou   le.
    Zhangsan also leave LE, Lisi also leave LE
    'Both Zhangsan left and Lisi left.'
Example #64:

    (32)   Zhangsan ye     da lanqiu       ye    da paiqiu.
    Zhangsan also play basketball also play volleyball.
    'Zhangsan plays both basketball and volleyball.'
Example #65:

    (33)   ta   you lai    le.
    he again come LE
    'He came again.'
Example #66:

    (34)   a. ta ye/you hui shuo Zhongwen ye/you hui shuo Dewen.
    he ye/you can speak Chinese ye/you can speak German
    'He can speak both Chinese and German.'
Example #67:

    qu Tianjin.
    go Tianjin
    'Zhangsan wants to go to both Wuhan and Tianjin.'
Example #68:

    (35)   ta *ye/you congming *ye/you yonggong.
    he *ye/you smart            *ye/you hard-working
    'He is both smart and hard-working.'
Example #69:

    Yueju,               ye/you xihuan Yuju.
    Shanghai opera, ye/you like             Henan Opera
    Opera.'
Example #70:

    nemduo beizi ya.
    so many quiltYA
    coming. Where can I find so many quilts?'
Example #71:

    shenme shihou neng lai?
    what       time can       come
    tomorrow. Tell me, when can he come?'15
Example #72:

    (39)   *douxuesheng lai le.
    dou student         lai LE
    Intended meaning 'All students came'.
Example #73:

    (40)   (neixie) xuesheng dou lai          le.
    (those) student       dou come LE
    '(Those) students all came.'
Example #74:

    (41)   lian   Zhangsan dou/ye juan              le yi   qian       kuai qian.
    even Zhangsan dou/ye donate LE one thousand dollar money
    'Even Zhangsan donated one thousand dollars.'
Example #75:

    (42)   ta lai-(huozhe)-bu-lai     dou xing.
    he come-(or)-not-come dou fine
    'Whether he comes or not, either way is fine.'
Example #76:

    (43)   ta   lai-(huozhe)-bu-lai    dou/ye bu guan            wo de shi.
    he come-(or)-not-come       dou/ye not concern I        DE matter
    'Whether or not he comes is none of my business.'
Example #77:

    (44)   ta lai-(huozhe)-bu-lai     you guan       ni   shenme shi        ne?
    he come-(or)-not-come you concern youwhat               matter Q
    Or 'It's none of your business whether he comes or not.'
Example #78:

    (45)   a. shei dou xihuan xiaogou.
    who dou like     little dog
    'Anyone likes puppies.'
Example #79:

    b. shei chang zheishou ge            wo dou ai     ting.
    who sing this-MW         song I        dou love listen
    'No matter who sings this song, I'd enjoy listening.'
Example #80:

    c. ni   mai shenme wo dou bu zaihu.
    you buy what         I    dou not care
    'No matter what you buy I don't care.'
Example #81:

    qu kan ta.
    go visit her
    'No matter when she comes, we have to visit her.'
Example #82:

    zuowan.
    finish
    homework.'
Example #83:

    c. (renping)      ni   shi shei, dou bu neng daren.
    no matter you be          who, dou not can hit-person
    'No matter who you are, you cannot hit people.'
Example #84:

    (47)   a. *meiyige        daibiao    dou jian le     mian.
    every-MW delegate dou see LE face
    '*Every delegate met.'
Example #85:

    b. *ge ge         daibiao    dou jian le     mian.
    each-MW delegate dou see LE face
    '*Each delegate met.'
Example #86:

    c. *(*wulun) shi shei dou jian le            mian.
    no matter be    who dou see LE face
    *'Whoever it is, he met.'
Example #87:

    (48)   a. shei dou/ye mei jian guo     Lisi.
    who dou/ye not see GUO Lisi
    Or 'No one has ever seen Lisi.'
Example #88:

    b. shenme shiqing      dou/ye mei you.
    what     matter dou/ye not have
    'There is nothing (to be worried about).'
Example #89:

    c. ni   shenmeshihou lai       dou/ye bu   xing.
    you what     time     come dou/ye not fine
    'No matter when you come, it won't be OK.'
Example #90:

    (49)     ta haizai Nanjing.
    he hai at    Nanjing
    'He is still in Nanjing.'
Example #91:

    (50)     ta haizuo    le yige        dangao.
    he hai make LE one-MW cake
    'In addition, he made a cake.'
Example #92:

    (51)     Laowang haizai kan         dianshi.
    Laowang hai         at watch TV
    'Laowang is still watching TV.'
Example #93:

    (53)   Wangwu bi            Lisi hai/dou gao.
    Wangwu compare Lisi hai/dou tall
    'Wang Wu is even taller than Lisi.'
Example #94:

    wo dou/ye/hai bu gen        ni     jiehun.
    I   dou/ye/hai not with you marry
    you.'
Example #95:

    xuan ta.
    electhe
    'Even if he is a drunkard, Lisi wants to elect him.'
Example #96:

    (56)    jishi     ni   ba   jingcha jiao lai,    you neng zenmeyang ne?
    even-if you BA police call come, you can           what       Q
    'Even if you call the police over, what good would that do?'
Example #97:

    (57)   Lisi dou mai le shenme?
    Lisi dou buy LE what
    'What are all the things Lisi bought?'
Example #98:

    (58)   *Lisi dou mai le meiyijian dongxi.
    Lisi dou buy LE every-MW thing
    *'Lisi all bought everything.'
Example #99:

    (62)   a. meiyige ren/tamen/Zhangsan he            Lisi dou zou      le.
    everybody/they        /Zhangsan and Lisi dou leave LE
    'Everybody/they/Zhangsan and Lisi all left.'
Example #100:

    b. meiyige /neixie xuesheng wo dou xihuan.
    every-ME/those student          I     dou like
    "Every student/those students, I like them all."
Example #101:

    (57)   Lisi dou mai le      shenme?
    Lisi dou buy LE what
    'What are all the things Lisi bought?'
Example #102:

    (67)   *shei dou lai       le?
    who dou come LE
    'Who are all the people that have come?'
Example #103:

    (68)   dou you      shei lai     le?
    dou have who come LE
    'Who are all the people that have come?'
Example #104:

    (69)     a. shei lai      le?
    Who come LE
    'Who came?'
Example #105:

    (7)    a. *yige        nan     tongxuetiao     le wu.
    one-MW male student dance LE dance
    'A male student danced.'
Example #106:

    b. *yizhi       laomao     si   le.
    one-MW oldcatdie LE
    'An old cat died.'
Example #107:

    (8)   a. Beijing sanshige qingnian fangwen le Riben.
    Beijing 30-MW      youth     visit      LE Japan
    'Thirty youths from Beijing visited Japan.'
Example #108:

    b. xili,         liangge   jiaoshou     hen xihuan Zhangsan.
    department,two-MW professor very like          Zhangsan
    much.'
Example #109:

    c. ganggang, yige       ren     lai     zhao     ni.
    just now, one-MW person come look-for you
    'Just now, someone came to look for you.'
Example #110:

    le     xialai.
    LE off-come
    'Yesterday, a worker fell down from a window seat.'
Example #111:

    (9)    yige       nan      tongxue xianzai zheng zai ner           tiaowu.
    one-MW male student now                 right    at    there dance
    'A male student is dancing right now.'
Example #112:

    tushuguan faxian le          yitiao      she.
    library        find     LE one-MW snake.
    'A janitor found a snake inside the library at our school.
Example #113:

    cong kache dixia               la     le chu lai.
    from truck underneath          pull LE out come
    truck swiftly.'
Example #114:

    zhitiao.
    note
    'A woman secretly passed a slip of paper to me.'
Example #115:

    jingting              li         chong chu           lai...
    police-pagoda inside charge out                      come...
    control station...'
Example #116:

    (12)   you    yizhi       laomao     si    le.
    have one-MW oldcatdie LE
    'An old cat died.'
Example #117:

    (14)   you yitian,     yige     xuesheng dui wo shuo...
    have one-day, one-MW student         to   me say
    'One day, a student said to me...'
Example #118:

    (19)   Lisi bing le.
    Lisi sick LE
    'Lisi is sick.'
Example #119:

    (20)     a. neige     xiaohai zou      le.
    that-MW child        leave LE
    'That child left.'
Example #120:

    (i)      *yizhi      gou yao le zheige piqiu.
    one-MW dog bite LE this-MW ball
    'A dog bit this ball.'
Example #121:

    b. *yige      xiaohai zou     le.
    one-MW child          leave LE
    'One child left.'
Example #122:

    c. *meiyige    xiaohai zou     le.
    every-MW child         leave LE
    'Every child left.'
Example #123:

    (21)     yige      nanren yinggai yonggan.
    one-MW man       ought-to brave
    'A man ought to be brave.'
Example #124:

    (22)     liangge   ren    keneng liqi         bu   gou.
    two-MW person perhaps strength not enough
    'Two people may not have enough strength (for this task).'
Example #125:

    (23)     liangliang che gou       le.
    two-MW     car enough LE
    'Two cars are enough (for the task).'
Example #126:

    (24)   sange      ren      xing.
    three-MW person fine
    'Three people are fine (for the situation).'
Example #127:

    zui   zhongyao de wenjian          dai    dao      huichang lai     le.
    most important DE document bring come conference come LE
    document to the conference.'
Example #128:

    (36)   yexu/keneng          *(shi) yige         xiaohai zai dong libian.
    perhaps/probably be         one-MW child           at cave inside
    'It is probably the case that a child is inside the cave.'
Example #129:

    (37)   yiding *(shi) yige        xiaohai zai dong libian.
    must       be   one-MW child      at   cave inside
    'It must be the case that a child is inside the cave.'
Example #130:

    (38)   shi yige        xiaohai zai dong libian.
    be   one-MW child       at   cave inside
    'It is a child that is inside the cave.'
Example #131:

    cuowu.
    mistake
    'It is possible that a person in his life time makes many mistakes.'
Example #132:

    le     yigua      bianpao.
    LE one-MW firecracker
    of me.'
Example #133:

    chakai            le.
    digress-away LE
    'An emcee very cleverly redirected the topic of conversation.'
Example #134:

    sui     boli   pian shi      le qi    lai.
    broken glass piece pick LE up come
    from the floor.'
Example #135:

    dalou   moxing.
    building model
    'An architect made a model of a large building with match boxes.'
Example #136:

    xiang qiu ta shenme.
    want beg he what
    favors.'
Example #137:

    wenti,       shei zhi     ta   turan       boran      danu.
    question     who know he       suddenly erupt-like    big-rage
    why he flew into a rage.'
Example #138:

    (46)   *yige      laoshi       tongchang fudao zheixie xuesheng.
    one-MW teacher usually             tutor    these   student
    'A teacher usually tutors these students.'
Example #139:

    (47)    *yige      nongmin conglai mei kan guo            dianying13.
    one-MW peasant always          not see GUO movie
    'A peasant has never seen a movie.'
Example #140:

    (48)    a. yige      shibing fei kuaide pao le        guo    lai.
    one-MW soldier fly fast            run LE passcome
    'A soldier dashed over to us.'
Example #141:

    b. *yige    shibing pao de    fei kuai.
    one-MW soldier run DE fly fast
    'A soldier runs extremely fast.'
Example #142:

    liangmen waiyu.
    two-MW foreign language
    'Every student should be able to speak two foreign languages.'
Example #143:

    luyin.
    recording
    yesterday.'
Example #144:

    qian.
    money.
    'Every thief is counting money right now.'
Example #145:

    c. *?meiyige   ren     jiang dedao tisheng.
    every-MW person will     have      promotion
    'Every person will have a promotion.'
Example #146:

    (51)   a. *?meiyige   chengke    xunsude zhengli hao le           xingli.
    every-ME passenger swiftly         tidy        well LE luggage
    'Every passenger swiftly set (their) luggage in order.'
Example #147:

    gongzuo.
    work
    'Every worker quickly finished the last piece of work.'
Example #148:

    c. *?meiyige   bingren manmande chi wan                le yao.
    every-ME patient     slowly            eatfinish LE medicine
    'Every patient slowly finished taking the medicine.'
Example #149:

    (54)     yaoshi Zhangsan zhang le       ji,   Lisi jiu hui   shengqi.
    if    Zhangsan raise      LE rank, Lisi jiu would get-angry
    'If Zhangsan gets a raise, Lisi will get mad.'
Example #150:

    (58)     a. shei xian lai,      shei (jiu) xian chi.
    who first   come, who (jiu) first eat
    'Whoever comes first eats first.'
Example #151:

    qing-ke.
    invite-guest
    'Whoever comes first will have to treat (us).'
Example #152:

    daxue.
    college
    college.'
Example #153:

    (64)    Lisi yi   shang ke      jiu shuijiao.
    Lisi one attend-classjiu sleep
    'Every time Lisi goes to class, he dozes off.'
Example #154:

    da-chi-yi-dun.
    big-eat-one-meal
    event in which I treat him to a hearty meal.'
Example #155:

    yixie xinde tihui.
    some new      interpretation
    interpretations.'
Example #156:

    yichang.
    one-session
    'Every time he gets sick, his mother will get sick.'
Example #157:

    yisheng.
    one-sound
    loud cry.'
Example #158:

    yidun.
    one-session
    scolding lesson.'
Example #159:

    liqi.
    strength
    'For every step he runs Lao Wang has to make a great effort.'
Example #160:

    da-chi-yi-dun.
    big-eat-one-meal
    *'He finishes writing every article, I treat him to a hearty     meal.'