ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Crysmann, Berthold (2003). Hausa Final Vowel Shortening:Phrasal Allomorphy or Inflectional Category?.

URL: http://morbo.lingue.unibo.it/mmm/mmm-proc/MMM4/105-125-Crysmann-MMM4.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-01-25).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1808&langcode=hau (2021-10-23).

 

Example #1:

    (1)      a.        Na:             ka:m            ki:fi:
    1.S.CMPL.ABS catch               fish
    `I caught fish'
Example #2:

    b.        Na:          ka:m:
    1.S.CMPL.ABS catch
    `I caught'
Example #3:

    c.        Na:           ka:m:             shi.
    1.S.CMPL.ABS catch               him
    `I caught it'
Example #4:

    d.        Na:             ka:m: w                 Mu:sa:     ki:fi:
    1.S.CMPL.ABS catch       for              Musa       fish
    `I caught fish for Musa'
Example #5:

    b.     Na:            karnta:            litta:fi
    1.S.CMPL.ABS read                  book
    `I read the book.'
Example #6:

    c.     Na:          karnta:              shi.
    1.S.CMPL.ABS read                  it
    `I read it.'
Example #7:

    (3)     a.     Na:          sya:
    1.S.CMPL.ABS buy
    `I bought.'
Example #8:

    (7)     a.     ya:                     sa:to:
    3.S.M.CMPL.ABS          steal
    `He stole (it)'
Example #9:

    c.     ya:                     sa:to:      mo:t:
    3.S.M.CMPL.ABS          steal       car
    `He stole the car'
Example #10:

    (8)    a.      ya:                     karanto     l:ba:r:
    3.S.M.CMPL.ABS          read        news
    `He read the news'
Example #11:

    b.      sun            harbo      za:k:
    3.P.CMPL.ABS shot         lion
    `They shot a lion'
Example #12:

    c.      mun            baro:     y:ra:                gida:
    1.P.CMPL.ABS leave       children        at     house
    `We left the children at home'
Example #13:

    (9)    ya:               kira:         mtm
    3.S.M.CMPL.ABS call             man
    `He called the man'
Example #14:

    (10)   a.      Na:          sya:
    1.S.CMPL.ABS buy
    `I bought'
Example #15:

    b.      Na:            syi       binci
    1.S.CMPL.ABS buy          food
    `I bought food'
Example #16:

    d.       syi              binci!
    buy.IMP           food
    `Buy food!'
Example #17:

    (13)         a.   yan:                 karnt:wa:
    3.S.M.CONT.ABS        reading
    `he is reading'
Example #18:

    b.   litta:fn      d      yak:                   karnt:wa:
    book.DEF.M that        3.S.M.   CONT.REL       reading
    `the book he is reading'
Example #19:

    b.      tan:             krans
    3.F.S.CONT.ABS receive.M.      POSS.M
    `She is receiving it.'
Example #20:

    (16)   a.      ta:            karnt          litta:fn   Aud
    3.S.F.CMPL.ABS read             book.M      Audu
    `She read Audu's book'
Example #21:

    d.      ta:              karnt        litta:f:
    3.S.F.CMPL.ABS read             book
    `She read a book'
Example #22:

    (17)     Na:              ka:m: w      Mu:sa:       ki:fi:
    1.S.CMPL.ABS catch       for    Musa         fish
    `I caught fish for Musa'
Example #23:

    b.       w:  ka                ji: w                   ciwo:
    who 2.S.M.CMPL.REL feel IOM                     injury
    `Whom did you injure?'
Example #24:

    b.      w:  ka                ji: w:                ciwo:
    who 2.S.M.CMPL.REL feel IOM                   injury
    `Whom did you injure?'
Example #25:

    c.      ya                ji: w              ya:r: ciwo:
    3.S.M.CMPL.REL feel IOM               boy    injury
    `He injured the boy'
Example #26:

    (21)     a.      Ya:             shuuk             kum a      audga:
    he.CMPL.ABS planted                also       wheat
    `He also planted wheat'
Example #27:

    b.      *Ya:            shuuk:            kum a      audga:
    he.CMPL.ABS planted                also       wheat
    `He also planted wheat'
Example #28:

    b.      ta:              tmbyi    kwa                       m:tr
    3.S.F.CMLP.ABS ask          moreover                   woman
    `She asked, moreover, the woman'
Example #29:

    a.     bi               hrbi       gi:wa:             ba
    3.S.M.CMPL.NEG shoot          elephant           NEG
    `He didn't shoot an elephant'
Example #30:

    b.      bi                hrbe:       t       ba
    3.S.M.CMPL.NEG shoot            her      NEG
    `He didn't shoot it'
Example #31:

    a.     mut:ne:      sun           zo:                jiy:
    people        3.P.CMPL.ABS come                yesterday
    `The people came yesterday'
Example #32:

    b.      mut:ne:      sun:               zuw:
    people        3.P.CONT.ABS        coming
    `The people are coming'