ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Duanmu, San (1998). Wordhood in Chinese.

URL: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~duanmu/wordhood98.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-01-31).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1946&langcode=cmn (2018-04-24).

 

Example #1:

    (2)     a.      [jiu de shu] gen [xin de shu]
    old DE book and new DE book
    'old books and new books'
Example #2:

    b.      [jiu de gen xin de] shu
    old DE and new DE book
    'old and new books'
Example #3:

    (3)     a.      [huo-che] gen [qi-che]
    fire-car   and gas-car
    'train and automobile'
Example #4:

    (6)    a.      [xin de yi-fu] he [xin de xie]
    new DE clothes and new DE shoe
    'new clothes and new shoes'
Example #5:

    b.      xin de [yi-fu   he   xie]
    new DE clothes and shoe
    'new [clothes and shoes]'
Example #6:

    (7)    a.      [yang mao] he [yang rou]
    sheep wool and sheep meat
    'sheep wool and sheep meat'
Example #7:

    b.      *yang [mao he rou]
    sheep wool and meat
    'sheep [wool and meat]'
Example #8:

    (12)   a.      *bai de hei       de ban
    white DE black DE board
    'white black board'
Example #9:

    b.      bai    de hei-ban
    white DE black-board
    'white blackboard'
Example #10:

    c.      bai     hei-ban
    white black-board
    'white blackboard'
Example #11:

    (13)   a.      ren-zao     xian-wei
    man-make fiber
    'man-made fiber'
Example #12:

    b.      xiu-zhen ci-dian
    pocket   dictionary
    'pocket dictionary'
Example #13:

    c.      luo-xuan tui-jin-qi
    snail-turn push-advance-instrument
    'screw propeller'
Example #14:

    d.      Beijing shi-fan da-xue
    Peking Normal University
    'Peking Normal University'
Example #15:

    e.      lian-he guo     jiao-yu   ke-xue wen-hua zu-zhi
    united nation education science culture      organization
    'United Nations Education Science Culture Organization'
Example #16:

    (14)    a.     [zheng-que yi-jian] he [zheng-que tai-du]
    correct      opinion and correct      attitude
    'correct opinion and correct attitude'
Example #17:

    b.     *zheng-que [yi-jian he tai-du]
    correct      opinion and attitude
    'correct opinion and attitude]'
Example #18:

    (15)    a.     [zheng-que si-xiang] he [cuo-wu si-xiang]
    correct     thought and wrong thought
    'correct thought and wrong thought'
Example #19:

    b.     *[zheng-que he cuo-wu] si-xiang
    correct     and wrong     thought
    '[correct and wrong] thoughts'
Example #20:

    (18)   a.      yang rou
    sheep meat
    'mutton'
Example #21:

    b.      yang DE SHEN-SHANG YOU rou
    sheep DE body            have meat
    'The sheep's body has meat.'
Example #22:

    (22)   a.      mai yi-jin yang rou
    buy one-jin sheep meat
    'to buy a jin of mutton'
Example #23:

    b.      ??mai yi-jin    yang de rou
    buy one-jin sheep DE meat
    'to buy a jin of sheep's meat (mutton)'
Example #24:

    (24)    a.      wo mai-le yi-ben         xin shu
    I   bought one-copy new book
    'I bought a new book.'
Example #25:

    b.      wo mai-le yi-ben       xin de shu
    I   bought one-copy new DE book
    'I bought a new book.'
Example #26:

    (25)   xin shu he jiu shu
    new book and old book
    'new book and old book'
Example #27:

    (26)   *[xin he jiu] shu
    new and old book
    'new and old books'
Example #28:

    (27)   *da [tie   de shi-zi]
    big iron DE lion
    'big iron lion'
Example #29:

    (28)    da de [tie de shi-zi]
    big DE iron DE lion
    'big iron lion'
Example #30:

    (29)    wo neng kan-jian ta.
    I    can look-see him
    'I can see him'
Example #31:

    (30)    wo neng kan-de-jian ta.
    I    can look-DE-see him
    'I can see him'
Example #32:

    huo shao
    fire burn
    'baked wheaten cake'
Example #33:

    tian fang
    fill room
    'second wife (to a widower)'
Example #34:

    kai    guan
    open close
    'switch'
Example #35:

    dai   mao-zi de ren (*dai mao-zi ren)
    wear hat      DE person
    'the person who wears a hat'
Example #36:

    wo mai de shu
    I    buy DE book
    'the book I bought'
Example #37:

    a.      xin de [san ben shu]
    new DE three copy book
    'three books that are new'
Example #38:

    b.      xin de [nei ben shu]
    new DE that copy book
    'that book which is new'
Example #39:

    [xin-xian de dou-sha]      de yue-bing
    fresh     DE bean-paste DE moon-cake
    'mooncake with fresh bean-paste filling'
Example #40:

    xiao de [xin de shu]
    small DE new DE book
    'small new book'
Example #41:

    *[xin-xian de dou-sha]    yue-bing
    fresh    DE bean-paste moon-cake
    'mooncake with fresh bean-paste filling'
Example #42:

    *xiao [xin de shu]
    small new DE book
    'small new book'
Example #43:

    (113)   xue-sheng he lao-shi men
    student        and teacher Pl
    'students and teachers'
Example #44:

    (114) [shu-cai he shui-guo] hen        you ying-yang
    vegetable and fruit       much have nutrition
    b. 'Vegetables and fruits are very nutritious.'
Example #45:

    (ii)         zheng cao-mei         de gao
    whole strawberry DE cake
    'cake with whole strawberries'
Example #46:

    (iii)        zheng cao-mei         de cao-mei    gao
    whole strawberry DE strawberry cake
    'strawberry cake with whole strawberries'
Example #47:

    i.   zui   gao ji                       ii. zui      da    xian-du
    most high level                           most large limit
    'the highest level'                       'the top limit'