ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

SZE-WING TANG (2001). A complementation approach to Chinese passives and its consequences.

URL: https://www.degruyter.de/journals/linguistics/2001/pdf/39_257.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1949&langcode=cmn (2018-07-19).

 

Example #1:

    ( 1 ) Zhangsan bei Lisi piping-le.
    Zhangsan BEI Lisi criticize-Perf
    `Zhangsan was criticized by Lisi.'
Example #2:

    ( 4 ) Zhangsan [ bei Lisi ] bei piping-le.
    Zhangsan BEI Lisi BEI criticize-Perf
    `Zhangsan was criticized by Lisi.'
Example #3:

    ( 5 ) Wo ma jiao che gei zhuang-shang-le.
    I mom JIAO car GEI hit-wound-Perf
    `My mom was injured by a car.'
Example #4:

    ( 6 ) Wo ma rang        che gei zhuang-shang-le.
    I mom RANG car GEI hit-wound-Perf
    `My mom was injured by a car.'
Example #5:

    ( 7 ) Beizi bei ta gei dapo-le.
    cup BEI he GEI break-Perf
    `The cup was broken by him.'
Example #6:

    ( 8 ) Zhangsan bei piping-le.
    Zhangsan BEI criticize-Perf
    `Zhangsan was criticized.'
Example #7:

    Wo ma jiao che gei zhuang-shang-le.
    I mom JIAO car GEI hit-wound-Perf
    `My mom was injured by a car.'
Example #8:

    Wo ma rang     che gei zhuang-shang-le.
    I mom RANG car GEI hit-wound-Perf
    `My mom was injured by a car.'
Example #9:

    (17) *Bei Lisi Zhangsan zuotian da-le
    BEI Lisi Zhangsan yesterday hit-Perf
    `It was by Lisi who Zhangsan was hit yesterday.'
Example #10:

    (18) Dui      Lisi Zhangsan hen keqi.
    toward Lisi Zhangsan very polite
    `Zhangsan is very polite to Lisi.'
Example #11:

    ( 19 ) Ta bei Zhangsan ma-le      liang-sheng, Lisi ti-le     yi-jiao.
    he BEI Zhangsan scold-Perf two-Cl       Lisi kick-Perf one-Cl
    `He was scolded twice by Zhangsan and kicked once by Lisi.'
Example #12:

    ( 23 ) Zhangsan bei Lisi pai jingcha zhuazou-le.
    Zhangsan BEI Lisi send police arrest-Perf
    `It was Zhangsan who Lisi sent the police to arrest.'
Example #13:

    ( 24 )  Zhangsan bei piping-le.
    Zhangsan BEI criticize-Perf
    `Zhangsan was criticized.'
Example #14:

    ( 25 ) *Wo ma jiao zhuang-shang-le.
    I mom JIAO hit-wound-Perf
    `My mom was injured.'
Example #15:

    ( 26 ) Hao da de yu, yifu         dou jiao linshi-le.
    very big Mod rain clothes all JIAO drench-Perf
    `In such heavy rain, all the clothes are drenched.'
Example #16:

    ( 27 ) *Zhangsan bei che bei zhuang-le.
    Zhangsan BEI car BEI hit-Perf
    `Zhangsan was hit by a car.'
Example #17:

    ( 28 ) Xiao Li gei che gei zhuang-le.
    Xiao Li GET car GEI hit-Perf
    `Xiao Li was hit by a car.'
Example #18:

    ( 29 ) *Zhangsan jiao che bei zhuang-le.
    Zhangsan JIAO car BEI hit-Perf
    `Zhangsan was hit by a car.'
Example #19:

    ( 30 ) *Zhangsan rang    che bei zhuang-le.
    Zhangsan RANG car BEI hit-Perf
    `Zhangsan was hit by a car.'
Example #20:

    ( 31 ) Ta zai dishang (*zai ) pa.
    he on ground Prog crawl
    `He was crawling on the ground.'
Example #21:

    ( 32 ) Tamen [ xiang nan] (*zai ) chetui.
    they    to    south Prog retreat
    `They are retreating to the south.'
Example #22:

    ( 37 ) ?Na ben shu, wo gei-le        gei ta.
    that Cl book I give-Perf to he
    `As for that book, I gave it to him.'
Example #23:

    ( 38 ) Wo gei-le      na ben shu *( gei ) ta.
    I give-Perf that Cl book to he
    `I gave that book to him.'
Example #24:

    ( 47 ) Zhangsan bei henhende da-le     yi-dun.
    Zhangsan BEI severely beat-Perf one-Cl
    `Zhangsan was beaten severely.'
Example #25:

    ( 48 ) *Zhangsan bei che bei zhuang-le.
    Zhangsan BEI car BEI hit-Perf
    `Zhangsan was hit by a car.'
Example #26:

    ( 51 ) *Ni keyi [ zou-bu-zou] ?
    you can leave-not-leave
    `Can you leave?'
Example #27:

    ( 52 ) *Zhangsan bei Lisi ma-bu-ma?
    Zhangsan BEI Lisi scold-not-scold
    `Was Zhangsan scolded by Lisi?'
Example #28:

    ( 55 )  Zhangsan gei-le       Lisi na ben shu, wo ye shi e.
    Zhangsan give-Perf Lisi that Cl book I also be
    `Zhangsan gave Lisi that book, and I did, too.'
Example #29:

    wo ye shi e.
    I also be
    ( given to Lisi ) by me.'
Example #30:

    ( 57 )  Wo meiyou quan-guo        ta qu zuo renhe shiqing.
    I not        persuade-Exp he go do any thing
    `I have not persuaded him to do anything.'
Example #31:

    ( 58 ) *Wo meiyou gaosu-guo ta ni zuo renhe shiqing.
    I not        tell-Exp he you do any thing
    `I have not told him you did anything.'
Example #32:

    ( 59 ) Wo meiyou bei ta tou-le       renhe dongxi.
    I not       BEI he steal-Perf any thing
    `I was not stolen anything by him.'
Example #33:

    ( 60 ) *Wo jiao ni     neng xie yi-fen baogao.
    I ask you      can write one-Cl report
    `*I ask you    can write a report.'
Example #34:

    ( 61 ) *Zhangsan bei Lisi neng piping.
    Zhangsan BEI Lisi can criticize
    `Zhangsan can be criticized by Lisi.'
Example #35:

    ( 62 ) *Zhangsan bei dagai     Lisi piping-le.
    Zhangsan BEI probably Lisi criticize-Perf
    `Zhangsan was scolded by Lisi probably.'
Example #36:

    ( 65 ) Zhangsan bei taziji xia-le       yi-tiao.
    Zhangsan BEI himself frightened one-Cl
    `Zhangsan was frightened by himself.'
Example #37:

    ( 68 ) *Zhangsan bei PRO piping-le.
    Zhangsan BEI        criticize-Perf
    `Zhangsan was criticized.'
Example #38:

    ( 71 ) *Lisi, Zhangsan bei t piping-le.
    Lisi Zhangsan BEI criticize-Perf
    `As for Lisi, Zhangsan was scolded by him.'
Example #39:

    ( 74 ) *Ta de xuesheng, zhe zhong zazhi         bei Zhangsan song-le t.
    he Mod student this kind magazine BEI Zhangsan give-Perf
    Zhangsan.'
Example #40:

    *Zhangsan bei wo yi-ben shu.
    Zhangsan BEI I one-Cl book
    `Zhangsan gave me a book.'
Example #41:

    *Zhangsan bei wo likai.
    Zhangsan BEI I leave
    `Zhangsan let me leave.'
Example #42:

    ( 87 ) *Ta yijing bei-guo wo ma-le.
    he already BEI-Exp I scold-Perf
    `He was already scolded by me.'
Example #43:

    ( 88 ) *Ni bei-bu-bei    wo ma dou yiyang.
    you BEI-not-BEI I scold still same
    `Whether you are scolded by me will be the same.'
Example #44:

    ( 94 ) Moshui ping jiao didi dafan-le.
    ink     bottle JIAO bother overturn-Perf
    `The bottle of ink was overturned by my younger brother.'
Example #45:

    ( 96 ) Wo jiao ni.
    I call you
    `I called you.'
Example #46:

    ( 97 ) Wo rang       ni yici.
    I concede you once
    `I concede something to you once.'
Example #47:

    ( 98 ) Jiao ren     weinan.
    cause person embarrass
    `Something embarrassed someone.'
Example #48:

    ( 99 ) Rang ni jiu deng le.
    let   you long wait SFP
    `Let you wait for a long time.'
Example #49:

    ( 100 ) *Wo ma jiao zhuang-shang-le.
    I mom JIAO hit-wound-Perf
    `My mom was injured.'
Example #50:

    ( 101 ) *Wo ma rang       zhuang-shang-le.
    I mom RANG hit-wound-Perf
    `My mom was injured.'
Example #51:

    ( 102 ) Hao da de yu, yifu         dou jiao linshi-le.
    very big Mod rain clothes all JIAO drench-Perf
    `In such heavy rain, all the clothes are drenched.'
Example #52:

    ( 103 ) *Zhangsan jiao/rang-guo     Lisi jiaoxun yi-dun.
    Zhangsan JIAO/RANG-Exp Lisi scold one-Cl
    `Zhangsan has been scolded by Lisi.'
Example #53:

    ( 105 )     *Zhangsan guyi           bei Lisi da-le.
    Zhangsan intentionally BEI Lisi hit-Perf.
    `*Zhangsan was hit by Lisi intentionally.'
Example #54:

    ( 106 ) (?/*) Zhangsan guyi          jiao Lisi da-le.
    Zhangsan intentionally JIAO Lisi hit-Perf
    `Zhangsan intentionally got hit by Lisi.'
Example #55:

    ( 107 )       Zhangsan guyi          rang    Lisi da-le.
    Zhangsan intentionally RANG Lisi hit-Perf
    `Zhangsan intentionally got hit by Lisi.'
Example #56:

    ( 108 ) Beizi   jiao wo gei dasui-le.
    cup     JIAO I GEI break-Perf
    `The    cup was broken by me.'
Example #57:

    ( 109 ) Beizi   gei dasui-le.
    cup     GEI break-Perf
    `The    cup was broken.'
Example #58:

    ( 110 ) Beizi bei dasui-le.
    cup BEI break-Perf
    `The cup was broken.'
Example #59:

    ( 111 )   a.    bei-gao
    BEI-accuse
    `the accused'
Example #60:

    ( 112 )   a.    bei-xuanju-quan
    BEI-elect-right
    `the right to be elected'
Example #61:

    ( 113 ) Beizi jiao didi     gei/*bei dasui-le.
    cup JIAO brother GEI/BEI break-Perf
    `The cup was broken by my younger brother.'
Example #62:

    ( 114 ) Beizi didi    gei/*bei dasui-le.
    cup brother GEI/BEI break-Perf
    `As for the cup, it was broken by my younger brother.'
Example #63:

    ( 115 ) Didi    ba beizi gei dasui-le.
    brother BA cup GEI break-Perf
    `My younger brother broke the cup.'
Example #64:

    ( 116 ) *Didi    ba beizi bei dasui-le.
    brother BA cup BEI break-Perf
    `My younger brother broke the cup.'
Example #65:

    ( 117 ) Beizi dasui-le.
    cup break-Perf
    `The cup was broken.'
Example #66:

    ( 118 ) Beizi gei dasui-le.
    cup GEI break-Perf
    `The cup was broken.'
Example #67:

    ( 119 ) Ni de yichang jiao wo gei ni nong-zang-le.
    you Mod clothes JIAO I GEI you make-dirty-Perf
    `Your clothes are smudged by me.'
Example #68:

    ( 120 ) Zhe kuai shi,    jiao wo gei ni danwu-le.
    this Cl matter JIAO I GEI you delay-Perf
    `This matter is held up by me.'
Example #69:

    ( 121 ) Lao niu gei ta la-zou-le.
    old cow GEI he pull-away-Perf
    `( His) old cow was pulled away.'
Example #70:

    ( 122 ) Lao niu la-zou-le.
    old cow pull-away-Perf
    `The old cow was pulled away.'
Example #71:

    ( 129 ) Beizi jiao didi   gei dasui-le.
    cup JIAO brother GEI break-Perf
    `The cup was broken by my younger brother.'
Example #72:

    ( 130 ) Zhangsan bei Lisi ba ta pian-de-tuantuanzhuan.
    Zhangsan BEI Lisi BA he cheat-till-run around
    `Zhangsan was pushed around like a fool by Lisi.'
Example #73:

    ( i ) *[Cong Meiguo] ta lai.
    from America he come
    `He came from America.'
Example #74:

    ( i ) Women yao xiawu          jiu (*yao) zou le.
    we       will afternoon right-will leave SFP
    `We will leave as early as this afternoon.'
Example #75:

    ( i ) Zhangsan rang     da-shang-le.
    Zhangsan RANG hit-wound-Perf
    `Zhangsan was injured.'
Example #76:

    ( i ) Beizi gei didi    dasui-le.
    cup GEI brother break-Perf
    `The cup was broken by my younger brother.'
Example #77:

    ( i ) Pian ba e nong huai-le.
    just BA make bad-Perf
    `Someone just broke something.'
Example #78:

    ( i ) Shuilongtou huai-le.          Women gei xiu.
    tap           break down-Perf we       GEI fix
    `The water tap breaks down. We will fix it for you.'