ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

SZE-WING TANG (2001). A complementation approach to Chinese passives and its consequences.

URL: https://www.degruyter.de/journals/linguistics/2001/pdf/39_257.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1949&langcode=yue (2018-04-25).

 

Example #1:

    ( 12 ) Keoi bei2 *(ngo) naau.
    he BEI I         scold
    `He was scolded ( by me) .'
Example #2:

    ( 13 ) Zungtung bei6 zizaak.
    president BEI censure
    `The president was censured.'
Example #3:

    (33)    Ngo bei-zo      go bun syu bei keoi.
    I     give-Perf that Cl book to he
    `I gave that book to him.'
Example #4:

    ( 34 ) ?Go bun syu, ngo bei-zo        bei keoi.
    that Cl book I give-Perf to he
    `As for that book, I gave it to him.'
Example #5:

    ( 35 ) *Go bun syu, ngo wui bei bei keoi.
    that Cl book I will give to he
    `As for that book, I will give it to him.'
Example #6:

    Ngo bei-zo go bun syu ( bei ) keoi.
    I      give-Perf that Cl book to he
    `I gave that book to him.'
Example #7:

    ( 39 ) Na ben shu, wo hui gei (*gei ) ta.
    that Cl book I will give to he
    `As for that book, I will give it to him.'
Example #8:

    Keoi bei2 ngo naau.
    he BEI I scold
    `He was scolded by me.'
Example #9:

    Keoi jiging bei6 bou.
    he already BEI arrest
    `He was already arrested.'
Example #10:

    *Keoi jiging bei2 gingcaat bei6 bou.
    he already BEI police BEI arrest
    `He was already arrested by the police.'
Example #11:

    ( 70 ) *Keoi bei2 pro/PRO naau.
    he BEI            scold
    `He was scolded.'
Example #12:

    Keoi bei2 ngo naau.
    he BEI I scold
    `He was scolded by me.'
Example #13:

    Keoi bei2 bun syu ngo.
    he give Cl book I
    `He gave a book to me.'
Example #14:

    Keoi bei2 ngo leihoi.
    he let I leave
    `He let me leave.'
Example #15:

    *Keoi bei6 bun syu ngo.
    he BEI Cl book I
    `He gave a book to me.'
Example #16:

    *Keoi bei6 ngo leihoi.
    he BEI I leave
    `He let me leave.'
Example #17:

    ( 85 ) Keoi jiging bei-gwo ngo naau gaa laa.
    he already BEI-Exp I scold SFP SFP
    `He had once been scolded by me.'
Example #18:

    ( 86 ) Nei bei-m-bei    ngo naau, dou hai gam gaa laa!
    you BEI-not-BEI I scold still be so SFP SFP
    `Whether or not you are scolded by me, you will be the same!'
Example #19:

    ( 89 )  Keoi taam-dak jat-go jan.
    he visit-only one-Cl person
    `He visited only one person.
Example #20:

    ( 90 ) *Ngo [deoi-dak jat-go jan]      hou gwaansam.
    I    toward-only one-Cl person very care
    `I care for only one person.
Example #21:

    ( 91 ) Keoi bei-dak jat-go jan       naau.
    he BEI-only one-Cl person scold
    `He was scolded only by one person.
Example #22:

    ( i ) *Di gingcaat bou-zo       keoi.
    Cl police arrest-Perf he
    `The police arrested him.'